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GIS – How it portrayed 
GIS – The 
opportunities
Six Commandants of GIS Use 
 Thou shalt not think ‘too technical - its not for me’. 
 Thou shalt not copy or use proprie...
Content 
 What is GIS 
 Components of GIS 
 Applications of GIS 
 GIS for EIA 
 GIS for Social Sciences 
 GIS for Na...
What is GIS? 
 “A system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, 
manipulating, analysing and displaying data whic...
What is GIS? 
 Manipulate spatially 
 Calculate distances and adjacencies 
 Change projections and scales 
 Integrate ...
Components of GIS
Components of GIS: Data 
 Data on different themes are stored in separate layers 
 As each layer is geo-referenced, laye...
Applications of GIS 
 Hydrology - study and management of water resources 
 Crime mapping - identify crime hot spots, al...
GIS for EIA 
BP oil spill, Gulf of Mexico 
April 2010
GIS for EIA: OCP and LULC 
Change 
JunMe a 2y0 020807 
Sept 2013
GIS for Social Sciences 
Accessibility to basic amenities and planning 
for better services
GIS for Social Sciences 
Gender Inequality Index (GII) 
Main indicators 
 Economic participation and opportunity 
 Educa...
GIS for Natural Resource 
Management 
Site suitability analysis for afforestation/reforestation 
programme under CDM-F 
 ...
GIS for Natural Resource 
Management 
Estimation of 
forest vigour/ 
density in 
treated areas for 
evaluation 
Low High 
...
GIS for Disaster Risk 
Reduction 
Flood hazard mapping for DRR 
Required 
 3D elevation model 
 Drainage network 
 LULC...
GIS for Disaster Risk 
Reduction 
Hazard map for lava flow 
based on numerous 
simulations of lava flow paths, 
different ...
GIS for Disaster Risk 
Reduction 
Multi-hazard: Fukushima (Tsunami and radiation)
GIS for Disaster Risk 
Reduction 
Seismic hazard, historical earthquakes and nuclear 
reactor power plants in USA
Participatory GIS (PGIS) 
 Despite the growing popularity of Google Earth and 
other low-cost or free applications, there...
Spectrum of GIS for Public 
Policy 
 Influencing Policy & Legislation 
 Changing Organizational Practices 
 Fostering C...
GIS for Policy Makers 
The prerequisites are … 
NONE!
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
 GIS is still treated as a specialized tool rather than an 
easy way to unde...
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
Mainstreaming 
of extremists
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
Mainstreaming of left extremists 
 Is development the solution? 
 What are ...
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
 Demography 
 Socio-economic 
 Infrastructure 
 Resource 
 Govt. program...
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) and 
GIS
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
 The Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) strategy was developed by 
MoESW in 1972 for the ...
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
 Locating vulnerable communities (in terms of social, 
cultural, economic an...
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
Sustainable agriculture
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
 Issues in Agricultural Sector in Punjab 
 Extensive paddy-wheat cycle (MSP...
GIS for Decision Support and 
Public Policy 
 Possible actions 
 Identify grouond water depleted area 
 Identify altern...
Discussion
Remote sensing GIS and public policy
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Remote sensing GIS and public policy

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Remote sensing GIS and public policy

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Remote sensing GIS and public policy

  1. 1. GIS – How it portrayed GIS – The opportunities
  2. 2. Six Commandants of GIS Use  Thou shalt not think ‘too technical - its not for me’.  Thou shalt not copy or use proprietary GIS database.  Thou shalt not use any database without understanding its precision and origin.  Thou shalt think spatially to get a better understanding of reality.  Thou shalt take it as an excellent tool for decision making.  Thou shalt believe in data sharing.
  3. 3. Content  What is GIS  Components of GIS  Applications of GIS  GIS for EIA  GIS for Social Sciences  GIS for Natural Resource Management  GIS for Disaster Risk Reduction  Participatory GIS (PGIS)  GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy
  4. 4. What is GIS?  “A system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analysing and displaying data which are spatially referenced to the Earth. This is normally considered to involve a spatially referenced computer database and appropriate applications software”.  A Technology - hardware & software tools  A Strategy - for information handling  The Objective: to improve overall decision making
  5. 5. What is GIS?  Manipulate spatially  Calculate distances and adjacencies  Change projections and scales  Integrate disparate sources  Analyse spatially  Quantitative analysis  Qualitative analysis  Visualise data  Maps!  Tables, graphs, etc.  Animations  Virtual landscapes
  6. 6. Components of GIS
  7. 7. Components of GIS: Data  Data on different themes are stored in separate layers  As each layer is geo-referenced, layers from different sources can easily be integrated using location  This can be used to build up complex models of the real world from widely disparate sources VECTOR
  8. 8. Applications of GIS  Hydrology - study and management of water resources  Crime mapping - identify crime hot spots, along with other trends and patterns  Transportation engineering –plan and optimized routing  Impact Analysis – understand and assess impact of certain activity  Health – understand the spread of certain (vector borne) diseases and possible reasons and planning of measures  Insurance –understanding the risks  Social – mapping hunger, malnutrition  Public policy – planning for the future, policy rethinking
  9. 9. GIS for EIA BP oil spill, Gulf of Mexico April 2010
  10. 10. GIS for EIA: OCP and LULC Change JunMe a 2y0 020807 Sept 2013
  11. 11. GIS for Social Sciences Accessibility to basic amenities and planning for better services
  12. 12. GIS for Social Sciences Gender Inequality Index (GII) Main indicators  Economic participation and opportunity  Educational attainment  Political empowerment  Health and survival
  13. 13. GIS for Natural Resource Management Site suitability analysis for afforestation/reforestation programme under CDM-F  Forest boundary layer  Forest density  Climatic condition  Elevation model  Native species
  14. 14. GIS for Natural Resource Management Estimation of forest vigour/ density in treated areas for evaluation Low High Vegetation index
  15. 15. GIS for Disaster Risk Reduction Flood hazard mapping for DRR Required  3D elevation model  Drainage network  LULC  Population data  ……
  16. 16. GIS for Disaster Risk Reduction Hazard map for lava flow based on numerous simulations of lava flow paths, different potential vents, eruptive history, 3D model etc.
  17. 17. GIS for Disaster Risk Reduction Multi-hazard: Fukushima (Tsunami and radiation)
  18. 18. GIS for Disaster Risk Reduction Seismic hazard, historical earthquakes and nuclear reactor power plants in USA
  19. 19. Participatory GIS (PGIS)  Despite the growing popularity of Google Earth and other low-cost or free applications, there is still a clear divide between the GIS haves and have-nots.  PGIS can be used as a bridge to capture individuals’ or groups’ perceptions of local issues and development efforts.  Facilitating participation of communities/individuals could be used to fill the gap between people and institutions and promote equitable development.
  20. 20. Spectrum of GIS for Public Policy  Influencing Policy & Legislation  Changing Organizational Practices  Fostering Coalitions & Networks  Educating Providers  Promoting Community Education  Strengthening Individual Knowledge & Skills
  21. 21. GIS for Policy Makers The prerequisites are … NONE!
  22. 22. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy  GIS is still treated as a specialized tool rather than an easy way to understand real world and take decisions.  Public policies related to many crucial national issues, such as climate change, immigration, health, civil rights and racism, transportation, energy, natural resources, social justice, environment etc. could be well understood and formulated using GIS support.  However, these require a properly functional National Spatial Data Infrastructure portal with access to Open Government Data.
  23. 23. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy Mainstreaming of extremists
  24. 24. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy Mainstreaming of left extremists  Is development the solution?  What are the issues?  What are the locations?  How these issues could be addressed?  Which govt. programmes are needed to be prioritized?  How the implementation process could be monitored?  How the programme could be evaluated?  Is the process sustainable?  Could it be replicated?
  25. 25. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy  Demography  Socio-economic  Infrastructure  Resource  Govt. programmes and success  Monitoring and evaluating system  Understanding gap  Policy rethinking  Changing organizational practices
  26. 26. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) and GIS
  27. 27. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy  The Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) strategy was developed by MoESW in 1972 for the rapid socio-economic development of tribal people and was adopted in the Fifth Five Year Plan.  Objective of TSP  Identify the resources for TSP areas  Prepare a broad policy framework for development  Define a suitable administrative strategy for its implementation
  28. 28. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy  Locating vulnerable communities (in terms of social, cultural, economic and/or political traditions and institutions)  Identifying major resources that can be diverted for planning, utilize and manage with a focus on the specific needs of vulnerable communities.  Understanding local practices and sustainability  Capacity development and market products
  29. 29. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy Sustainable agriculture
  30. 30. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy  Issues in Agricultural Sector in Punjab  Extensive paddy-wheat cycle (MSP influenced)  Over exploitation of groundwater  Groundwater lowering  Impacts  (More) deep bore well  More requirements of electricity  Environmentally unsustainable
  31. 31. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy  Possible actions  Identify grouond water depleted area  Identify alternative (less water intensive) agricultural practices and assess productivity  Promote and support alternative agricultural practices  Providing MSP on those crops  Assist in marketing  Evaluate  Rethinking?
  32. 32. Discussion

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