Dr. Prashant L. Pingale
Dept. of Pharmaceutics,
GES’s Sir Dr. M. S. Gosavi College of Pharm. Edu. and Research,
2. • Mascara is a cosmetic used to darken, thicken and
– to emphasize, thicken, lengthen, and define lashes.
– gives a finishing touch to eye makeup and must cover the
lashes from roots to the tips
– makes eyelashes look longer, darker, fuller and thicker and
conditions them too.
• Mascara is available with tube and wand applicators.
• Mascara can be applied with brushes or wands.
3. • These are generally available with the mascara pack.
• Mascara brushes can be straight or curved, to curl eye lashes,
with fine or thick bristles.
• Some mascara wands contain rayon or nylon fibers to lengthen
• Mascara not only colors the lashes but also highlights the eyes
as the focal point of your face and may add a dramatic touch to
4. • Easy to apply,
• Should capable of even application,
• Not cause smudging,
• Non- toxic, non- irritant
• Easy to remove,
• Should not cake, may cause sticking of
6. Cake Mascara
• Applied with wet brush
• Water on brush forms an emulsion with
soap, the resultant cream/ paste is taken
on brush and applied to eye lashes.
• Amount of water varies form person to
7. Cream Mascara
• Improved form of cake mascara.
• Prepared by milling pigment into a cream base
• Lotion type of mascara:
– Good lasting properties
– PVA or film forming resins polyvinyl acetate added
8. Liquid Mascara
• Available since long time but not popular
• Suspending pigments in mucilage
• Preparations are sticky so alcoholic soln of
resins & suspending carbon black is added.
• Castor oil may be used sometimes.
9. Manufacture of Mascara
• Cake mascara:
– Melting of waxes, dispersion of pigment & milling
in roller mill.
– Grounded material is remelted & poured in moulds
with slow stirring.
• Glyceryl monostearate 58%
• Paraffin 15%
• Carnauba wax 8%
• Lanolin 9%
• Lamp black 10%
10. • Cream mascara:
– Milling the pigments into cream base
– If oil soluble dye: wetting agent added to
get uniform mixture.
– Stirring till cool & entrapped air: escaped
– Filled in tube.
11. • Liquid mascara:
– Resins are dissolved in alcohol with stirring
– Carbon black paste: castor oil or alcoholic
solution of resin
– Stirring continued & filled in dispenser.
13. Different colors of mascara such as brown, navy and
green are available in market.
It is important that mascara is used on an individual
only to avoid transferring eye infections and if it causes
even the slightest irritation in the eye, it must be
Before applying mascara, use an eyelash comb or moist
toothbrush to comb your lashes.
Always use a clean and fresh mascara wand on damp
14. • Black mascara can be used by anybody at anytime
though blondes should only use it for bright night
• Applying mascara only on the upper lashes lend them
a dramatic touch, while applying it lightly on the
upper and lower lashes, make the eyes seem wider.
• Women with strawberry-blonde hair may try different
shades of brown.
• Do not match your mascara color with your eye color.
15. Straight brush
• which is a great asset when it comes to apply mascara
on lashes in the corner of the eyes that cannot be
• which works on more lashes at once simultaneously.
• Never buy or keep dried mascara, as it may be harmful
for the eyes.
Thin and short brush is best as it is easier to control
and gets to the corner of the eye easily.
16. • Modern mascaras can be divided in two types:
– water resistant mascaras (waterproof)
– non-water resistant mascaras.Types
17. Water resistant mascaras
– a volatile solvent (isododecane),
– animal-derived waxes (beeswax),
– vegetal based waxes (carnauba wax, rice bran wax, candelila
– mineral origin wax (paraffin),
– pigments (iron oxide, ultramarine)
– filmifying polymers.
• These mascaras do not contain water-sensitive moieties,
offering an excellent resistance to tears, sweat or rain. As a
result, these mascaras can only be removed with a specific
make-up remover, able to dilute the dried mascara film.
18. • are based on
– soft surfactants (like triethanolamine stearate),
– animal-derived waxes (beeswax),
– vegetal based waxes (carnauba wax, rice bran wax, candelilla
– mineral origin waxes ( paraffin),
– pigments (iron oxide, ultramarine),
– thickening polymers (arabic gum, hydrophobically modified
• These mascaras can run under the effect of tears, but are
easily removed with some soap and water.
• Polymers in a water dispersed form (latexes) can bring
some level of water resistance to the group of normally
non-water resistant mascaras.
Non water-resistant mascaras
19. Eye Make-up Remover
• Low viscosity fatty materials like
mineral oil alone or in combination with
other oils and/or fatty acid esters.
• Light mineral oil 80%
• IPM 20%
• Sold as cotton pads saturated with oil.
• Emollient like lanolin, lecithin are added.