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Presentation on Biofuel, by a BDTian

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small presentation on Biofuel, with respect Indian site condition.

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Presentation on Biofuel, by a BDTian

  1. 1. Prashantha.T .R. 4/5/2014 1Footer Text
  2. 2. • Introduction, • Need & purpose, • Definition, • Forms, • Types, • Methodologies of adaptation, • Advantages, • Disadvantages, • Reference. 4/5/2014Footer Text 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTON Fossil fuel •Petrolium products •Coal products Renevable fuel •Wind & sun •Biomass &biofuel •River / electricity 4/5/2014Footer Text 3 ENERGY
  4. 4. 4/5/2014Footer Text 4 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 inthousandtonnesofoilequivalent Fuel wise Total Final Commercial Energy Consumed in India (in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent) Coal Petroleum Products Gas Electricity
  5. 5. 5 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 50000 inthousandtonnesofoilequivalent Fuel mix in Total Final Energy Consumed by Indian Transport Sector (in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent) Coal Petroleum Products Gas Electricity Combustible renewable and waste
  6. 6. WHY.?.....NEED & PURPOSE • Depletion of fossil fuel, • Increase in demand of power resources, • Cost to use non renewable & renewable energy sources fossil fuel water, sunlight, wind, • Global warming 4/5/2014Footer Text 6
  7. 7. Definition • “fuel made from renewable resources” • Fuel obtained from biomass / biodegradable substances, • “hydrocarbon that is produced from organic matter(once living material)” • Ex : Gobar gas, biodiesel, Ethanol, etc, 4/5/2014Footer Text 7
  8. 8. FORMS 1. Liquid • Easy to transport • Easy to store • Easy to handle 2. Gas 4/5/2014Footer Text 8
  9. 9. There are number of methods • In plant - large scale Ex: Ethanol • Decentralized plants - small scale • Ex: Gobar gas Individual Houses Ex:Gobar gas In laboratory EX : Biodiesel 4/5/2014Footer Text 9
  10. 10. Large scale plants 4/5/2014Footer Text 10
  11. 11. Large scale plants 4/5/2014Footer Text 11
  12. 12. Decentralized units 4/5/2014Footer Text 12
  13. 13. EX: 4/5/2014Footer Text 13
  14. 14. Individual units • Houses, • Hostels • Hotels • Commercial buildings • Restaurants 4/5/2014Footer Text 14
  15. 15. WORKING 4/5/2014Footer Text 15
  16. 16. 4/5/2014Footer Text 16
  17. 17. ADVANTAGES a) Large cattle population in the countryside ensuring steady source of supply of the raw material required for running the gas plant. (b) Helps in reducing the deforestation as it arrests for cutting of trees for firewood. (c) Helps in maintaining ecological balance. (d) Helps in rural sanitation (e) Lower capital cost and almost cost free maintenance. 4/5/2014Footer Text 17
  18. 18. ADVANTAGES BIOFUELS • Replacing fossil fuels, • Energy independence, • Increase in national wealth, • Cheaper fuel for consumers • More energy security & diversified sources • Higher farm incomes & rural employment • Faster GDP growth, Lower Imports & energy prices • Reducing global warming…… How ? 4/5/2014Footer Text 18
  19. 19. CARBON CYCLE IN FOSSIL FUEL 4/5/2014Footer Text 19
  20. 20. CARBON CYCLEIN BIOFUEL 4/5/2014Footer Text 20
  21. 21. The Bio Fuel initiatives in 2009/2010 Baradu Bangara (Waste to Gold) • Plantation in 6000 Ha.(24 lakh samplings) of degraded forest land completed . • 25,000 hectares of degraded land identified and plantation in progress in 2014. 15 million seedling being raised across the state. • 100,000 hectares of degraded forest and other government land (60million seedlings) will be brought under cultivation of bio fuels by 2012. •All plantation activities will be undertaken with total involvement of Village forest committees, Tank user groups and watershed committees with usufruct rights defined.
  22. 22. Disadvantages • Effect on Biodiversity • Scarcity of food in poor countries • Land use • Regional suitability 4/5/2014Footer Text 22
  23. 23. References • NRDC Report: “Growing Energy” (Dec 2004) • http://soilcarboncenter.k- state.edu/conference/carbon2/Fiedler1_Baltimore_05.pdf • Videos from www.satyamevajayate.in • Rocky Mountain Institute: “Winning the Oil Endgame” • http://www.unfoundation.org/features/biofuels.asp • http://www.transportation.anl.gov/pdfs/TA/354.pdf • The Future of the Hydrogen Economy ( http://www.oilcrash.com/articles/h2_eco.htm#8.2 ) • Fuel Ethanol: Background & Public Policy Issues (CRS Report for Congress, Dec. 2004)` • Special thanks to Google, YouTube, Hindustan petroleum limited & Manjappa (prof. U.B.D.T.C.E.) 4/5/2014Footer Text 23
  24. 24. Any Questions? Thank you…. 4/5/2014Footer Text 24

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