Verbal reasoning

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Verbal reasoning

  1. 1. Verbal Reasoning
  2. 2. Verbal ReasoningVerbal Ability is to understand the Prose and to workwith Specialized and Technical VocabularyVerbal Ability falls under following categories: *Synonyms * Antonyms * Analogy * Sentence Completions * Reading Comprehensions * Spotting Errors * Idioms
  3. 3. Formation Of Words Primary Words:Example : Run, Go, Do. Compound Words :Example : Moonlight, Sweetheart, Spendthrift, Drawingroom, Downfall.
  4. 4. Formation Of Words Primary Derivatives:Example : Breach (N) from break (V), Glaze from (V) Glass (N) Secondary Derivatives:Prefix - a, un, mis.Suffix - ful, less, ism
  5. 5. Root WordsGreek Roots:chron - timemorph - formpan - allneo - newpyr - fireastro - star
  6. 6. Root WordsGreek Roots: Examplechronicle - historical recordMetamorphosis - change of formPanorama - an all round viewNeologism - new word or meaningpyrotechnics - relating to fireworksastronaut - space traveler
  7. 7. Root WordsGreek Roots:ped - childsoma - bodygam - marriagetheo - godonym - namepath - feelingphil - to love
  8. 8. Root WordsPediatrician - doctor who treats childsomatic - of bodymonogamy - married to one persontheomacy - battle among godtoponym - word derived from name of placeSympathy - Compassion for someone else‟s painPhilosophy - love of wisdom
  9. 9. Root WordsGreek Roots:poly - manybibli - bookmisein - to hatelogy - study ofarchy/ cracy - rule bypsyche - mind, spirit, soul
  10. 10. Root WordsGreek Roots: Examplepolyglot - competent in many languagesbibliophile - book sellermisogamist - one who hates marriagegraphology - study of handwritingtheocracy - rule by godspsychosis - a mental disorder
  11. 11. Root WordsLatin Roots:cede, ceed, cess - go / movementbrev - shortnihil - nothing/abolishomni - allcide - to killnec - deathdorm, somn - to sleep
  12. 12. Root WordsLatin Roots:recede - go backbreviary - summaryAnnihilate - kill, reduce to nothingOmniscient - all knowingfilicide - killing of childrennecrology - list of the dead, obituarydormant - asleep
  13. 13. Root WordsLatin Roots:luc - lightloqu/locut - to speakbene - goodmal - badcred - believebel - warvor - eatscribe - to write
  14. 14. Root WordsLatin Roots:elucidate - make clearsolilquy - speaking alonebeneficial - good formalevolent - harmful, wanting to cause harmcredulous - ready to believeantebellum - preceding a waromnivore - who eats everythingdescribe - write in detail
  15. 15. Root WordsLatin Roots: later - side magni - large rect - straight Doc - to teach flect - to bend fract - break tract/ tang - touch verto - to turn
  16. 16. Root WordsLatin Roots:bilateral - sidemagnify - greatness of sizerectify - straighten or to correctdoctrine - rule or principlegenuflect - Bend in a gesture of respectfracture - breakintact - untouchedambivert - to turn your thoughts in both direction
  17. 17. Antonym• Think of a Context.• Carefully Read the given Choices.• Consider Secondary Meaning as well as the Primary Meaning.• Breakdown Unfamiliar Words into Recognizable parts.• Eliminate the Choices for Answer.
  18. 18. Example:1Industrious:a) Stupidb) Harshc) Indolentd) Complexe) Inexpensive
  19. 19. AntonymAnswer:c) Indolent ( lazy, lethargic, idle)
  20. 20. Example:2Belittlea) Lessenb) Intensityc) Complimentd) Begrudgee) Fawn
  21. 21. AntonymAnswer: c) Compliment
  22. 22. Example:3Debilitatea) Dischargeb) Strengthenc) Undermined) Squelche) Delete
  23. 23. AntonymAnswer: b) Strengthen
  24. 24. Example:4Maladroita) Ill-willedb) Dexterousc) Cowardlyd) Enduringe) Sluggish
  25. 25. AntonymAnswer: b) Dexterous
  26. 26. Example:5Prima) Enormousb) Unsuitablec) Aridd) Healthye) Slight
  27. 27. AntonymAnswer: b) Unsuitable
  28. 28. Example:6Work through the choices, turning each into its opposite:Carnala) Sensualb) Auralc) Orald) Unusuale) Spiritual
  29. 29. AntonymAnswer: e) Spiritual
  30. 30. Example:7Alleviate:a) Alienateb) Worsenc) Revitalized) Aeratee) Elevate
  31. 31. AntonymAnswer: b) Worsen
  32. 32. Example:8Precipitate:a) Candidb) Erraticc) Cautiousd) Generouse) Shallow
  33. 33. AntonymAnswer: a) Cautious
  34. 34. Example:9PERSPICUITY (Eloquence ,clarity): a) madden. b) disturbance. c) articulacy. WIPRO 2008 d) vagueness.
  35. 35. AntonymAnswer : d) Vagueness
  36. 36. Example:10Veracity a) flaw b) restlessness c) dishonesty d) reliable (INFOSYS 2008)
  37. 37. AntonymAnswer : c) dishonesty
  38. 38. Example:11Disregarded (a) heed (b) hopeful (c) evade (d) dense (Satyam)
  39. 39. AntonymAnswer: (a) heed
  40. 40. Example:12Obviate (a) becloud (b) necessitate (c) rationalize (d) execute (Satyam)
  41. 41. AntonymAnswer: (b) necessitate
  42. 42. Example:13Superficial (a) profound (b) exaggerated (c) subjective (d) spirited (satyam)
  43. 43. AntonymAnswer: (a) profound
  44. 44. Example:14ABJUREa. Blasphemeb. Championc. Gesticulated. Mitigate (TCS)
  45. 45. AntonymAnswer: (b) Champion
  46. 46. Example:15PRODIGALa. Bountifulb. Dependentc. Providentd. Superfluous (TCS)
  47. 47. AntonymAnswer: c. Provident
  48. 48. Example:16Catholica) Uncharitableb) Reticentc) Specializedd) Irreverente) Reckless
  49. 49. AntonymAnswer: c) Specialized
  50. 50. Example:17Slothfula) Credulousb) Highly skilledc) Without resourcesd) Sprightly
  51. 51. AntonymAnswer: d) Sprightly
  52. 52. Example:18Laconica) Sullenb) Handsomec) Verbosed) Sharp memory
  53. 53. AntonymAnswer: c) Verbose
  54. 54. Example:19Solicitousa) Mildb) Showing no concern forc) Gratefuld) Cheerful
  55. 55. AntonymAnswer: b) showing no concern for
  56. 56. Example:20Opprobriuma) Very easyb) Suspensefulc) Modernd) Praise
  57. 57. AntonymAnswer: d) Praise
  58. 58. Synonym• Think of a Context.• Carefully Read the given Choices.• Consider Secondary Meaning as well as the Primary Meaning.• Breakdown Unfamiliar Words into Recognizable parts.• Eliminate the Choices for Answer.
  59. 59. Example:1Astute:a) Sheerb) Noisyc) Astrald) Unusuale) Clever
  60. 60. SynonymAnswer:a) Clever
  61. 61. Example:2Cliché(a) Increase(b) Vehicle(c) Morale(d) Platitude(e) Pique
  62. 62. SynonymAnswer: d) Platitude
  63. 63. Example:3Genuflect:a) Falsifyb) Trickc) Projectd) Bend the Kneee) Pronounce Correctly
  64. 64. SynonymAnswer: d) Bend the Knee
  65. 65. Example:4Innocuous:a) Not capableb) Not dangerousc) Not eagerd) Not franke) Not peaceful
  66. 66. SynonymAnswer: b) Not dangerous
  67. 67. Example:5Heterodoxa) Retrospectiveb) Outgoingc) Patienced) Contrary to accepted belief. (TCS 2008)
  68. 68. SynonymAnswer : d) contrary to accepted belief.
  69. 69. Example:6EMANCIPATE(a) Set free(b) Take back(c) Make worse(d) Embolden (TCS)
  70. 70. SynonymAnswer: a) Set free
  71. 71. Example:7REPUGNANCE(a) Belligerence(b) Tenacity(c) Pity(d) Loathing (TCS)
  72. 72. SynonymAnswer: d) Loathing
  73. 73. Example:8AWRY(a) Recommended(b) Commiserating(c) Startled(d) Crooked (TCS)
  74. 74. SynonymAnswer: d) Crooked
  75. 75. Example:9Minion(a) Monster(b) Quorum(c) Majority(d) Host(e) Dependant (Caritor)
  76. 76. SynonymAnswer: e) Dependant
  77. 77. Example:10Vigilance(a) Bivouac(b) Guide(c) Watchfulness(d) Mob rule(e) Posse (Caritor)
  78. 78. SynonymAnswer: c) Watchfulness
  79. 79. Example:11Exactiona) Accuracyb) Left-over portionc) Act of demanding strictlyd) ignorance
  80. 80. SynonymAnswer: c) Act of demanding Strictly
  81. 81. Example:12Strafea) To punishb) To Strengthenc) To run awayd) To work very hard
  82. 82. SynonymAnswer: a) To punish
  83. 83. Example:13Contemporaneousa) Irritatingb) Artificialc) A very complicated problemd) Happening at the same time
  84. 84. SynonymAnswer: d) Happening at the same time
  85. 85. Example:14Hiatusa) Uphill taskb) Distant Placec) Fading memoryd) Gap
  86. 86. SynonymAnswer: d) Gap
  87. 87. Example:15Exacerbatea) To make something more severeb) To cause artificial shortagec) To assume false importanced) To flatter
  88. 88. SynonymAnswer: a) To make something more severe
  89. 89. Example:16Modicuma) Basicb) Pertaining to earlier timesc) Small quantityd) Annoying weather
  90. 90. SynonymAnswer: c) Small quantity
  91. 91. Example:17Factitiousa) Humorousb) Truthfulc) Artificiald) Causing fatigue
  92. 92. SynonymAnswer: c) Artificial
  93. 93. Example:18Delectationa) Enjoymentb) Envyc) Inspirationd) astuteness
  94. 94. SynonymAnswer: a) Enjoyment
  95. 95. Example:19Fidelitya) Powerfulb) Faithfulnessc) Paucityd) Stinking
  96. 96. SynonymAnswer: b) Faithfulness
  97. 97. Example:20Nascenta) Obnoxiousb) Incipientc) Pleasantd) kingdom
  98. 98. SynonymAnswer: b) Incipient
  99. 99. Analogy• Relationship - two Words in the Pair.• Similar or Parallel Relationship - Different Pair of Words.• Direction of Flow.• Relationship in the Original pair - Specific and Precise.
  100. 100. Tactics• State the relationship - Capitalized Word.• More than one answer - Narrower Approach.• Consider Secondary Meaning as well as the Primary Meaning.• Familiarize - Common Analogy types.
  101. 101. Analogy Types1. Definition2. Defining Characteristic3. Class and Members4. Antonyms5. Synonyms6. Part to Whole7. Function8. Manner
  102. 102. Analogy Types9. Action & its Significance10. Worker and Article Created11. Worker and Tool12. Worker and Action13. Sex14. Symbol
  103. 103. Example 1Friction: Abrasion :: a) Sterility: Cleanliness b) Dam: Flood c) Heat: Evaporation d) Literacy: Ignorance
  104. 104. AnalogyAnswer: c) Heat: Evaporation
  105. 105. Example 2Vernacular : place : : ? : Fingerprint a) Articulacy b) Identical c) different d) martial (Infosys 2008)
  106. 106. AnalogyAnswer : b) Identical
  107. 107. Example 3Listless: Excite:: a) Stuffy: Brag b) Skeptical: Convince c) Industrious: Produce d) Scholarly: Instruct
  108. 108. AnalogyAnswer: b) Skeptical: Convince
  109. 109. Example 4Teeth : Mouth : : Brain: ?a) Heartb) Lungsc) Skulld) Body
  110. 110. AnalogyAnswer: a) Skull
  111. 111. Example 5Slur : Speech : : Smudge :a) tongueb) clearc) writingd) language (CTS 2007)
  112. 112. AnalogyAnswer: c) Writing
  113. 113. Problem 8Crow : boastful :: (a) smirk : witty (b) conceal : sky (c) pout : sulky (d) blush : coarse (e) bluster : unhappy
  114. 114. AnalogyAnswer: (a) smirk : witty
  115. 115. Problem 9Lumber: Bear :: a) Roost : hen b) Bray : donkey c) Waddle : goose d) Swoop : hawk e) Chirp : sparrow
  116. 116. AnalogyAnswer: (a) Roost : hen
  117. 117. Problem 10Gullible : duped :: a) Credible : cheated b) Careful : cautioned c) Malleable : moulded d) Myopic : mislead e) Articulate : silenced
  118. 118. AnalogyAnswer: a) Credible : cheated
  119. 119. Problem 11Eternal: End :: a) Precursory : Beginning b) Grammatical : Sentence c) Invaluable : Worth d) Frenetic : Movement e) Implausible : credibility
  120. 120. AnalogyAnswer: e) Implausible : credibility
  121. 121. Problem 12Dolphin: Mammal :: a) Larva : Insect b) Penguin : Bird c) Sonnet : Stanza d) Computer : Machine e) Peninsula : Island
  122. 122. AnalogyAnswer: b) Penguin : Bird
  123. 123. Problem 13Green: Experience :: a) Ungainly : Grace b) Rank : Knowledge c) Indolent : Laziness d) Impassioned : Ardor e) Dispirited : Despondence
  124. 124. AnalogyAnswer:d) Impassioned : Ardor
  125. 125. Problem 14Contrition: Penitent:: a) Caution : Driver b) Speculation : Philosopher c) Obstinacy : Athlete d) Sanguinity : Partner e) Wisdom : sage
  126. 126. AnalogyAnswer: e) Wisdom : sage
  127. 127. Problem 15Disarm: Weapons (a) Limit : Abilities (b) Soothe : difficulties (c) Restrain : Movement (d) Disguise : Identify (e) Usurp : Power
  128. 128. AnalogyAnswer: (e) Usurp : Power
  129. 129. Problem 16Stone: Sculptor a) Brick : House b) Words : Poet c) Bust : Portrait d) Scalpel : Surgeon e) Mine : Ore
  130. 130. AnalogyAnswer: b) Words : Poet
  131. 131. Problem 17Shearing: Wool a) Shredding : Paper b) Breathing : Wine c) Trimming : Hedge d) Reaping : Grain e) Weaving : Silk
  132. 132. AnalogyAnswer: d) Reaping : Grain
  133. 133. Problem 18Synopsis: Condensed a) Digression : Repeated b) Mystery : Enticing c) Excursion : Pleasant d) Antiquity : Forgotten e) Plagiarism : Pirated
  134. 134. AnalogyAnswer: e) Plagiarism : Pirated
  135. 135. Problem 19Admonish: Counsel:: a) Mollify : Intensity b) Necessitate : Generosity c) Enervate : Vitality d) Manufacture : Opinion e) Remunerate : Payment
  136. 136. AnalogyAnswer: d) Manufacture : Opinion
  137. 137. Problem 20Countermand: Order:: a) Corroborate : Document b) Restate : Claim c) Reopen : Investigation d) Prejudice : Testimony e) Revoke : License
  138. 138. AnalogyAnswer: e) Revoke : License
  139. 139. Sentence Completion It tests your Ability to use Vocabulary a)Ability to Recognize Logical b)Consistency among the Elements in a SentenceWhat makes SC difficult Vocabulary :Use of words like Nonplussed, Harbingers, EclecticUse of Secondary MeaningsExample : Economy – Restrain Cont… Toy – Dally
  140. 140. Sentence CompletionB. Grammatical complexity : They includes entire range of Grammatical Possibilities. Use of Clauses, Prepositional Phrases, Gerunds etc. in a Convoluted Manner.C. Tone : Writers Attitude towards the Subject Matter i.e ironic, playful, skeptical, somber etc. Cont…
  141. 141. Sentence CompletionStyle : Ideas maybe expressed in different manners, Ornately or Sparely, Poetically or Prosaically, formally or informally etc. An author‟s style depends on such details as word Choice, Imagery Repetition, Rhythm, Sentence Structures and Length. Thought extenders - Continue the idea Thought contrasters - Reverse the idea Cont…
  142. 142. Sentence CompletionSignal Words : additionally although also but and despite as well nevertheless besides in spite of furthermore on the contrary moreover still too while likewise which illogically surprisingly paradoxically unexpectedly
  143. 143. Tactics• Read the Sentence ,think of a word – makes sense.• Look at all possible answers.• In Double blank- options-testing the first word in each choice.• Watch for Single Word that link one part of the Sentence to another.• Break down Complex Sentences - Simpler Components.• Check whether the Metaphor controls the Choice of Words.
  144. 144. Example:1Because of experience had convinced herthat he was both self-seeking andavaricious, she rejected the likelihood thathis donation had been ______.a)Redundantb)Frivolousc)Inexpensived)Ephemerale)Altruistic
  145. 145. Sentence CompletionAnswer: e) “Altruistic” (unselfish, selfless).
  146. 146. Example: 2If you are trying to make a strong impressionon your audience, you cannot do so by beingunderstated, tentative, or ______.a)Hyperbolicb)Restrainedc)Argumentatived)Authoritativee)Passionate
  147. 147. Sentence CompletionAnswer:b) “Restrained” ( controlled, in control of yourself).
  148. 148. Example: 3Despite the mixture‟s________ nature, wefound that by lowering its temperature in thelaboratory we could dramatically reduce itstendency to vaporize.a)Resilientb)Volatilec)Homogeneousd)Insipid ( INFOSYS 2008)e)Acerbic
  149. 149. Sentence CompletionAnswer : b) Volatile (Explosive, Hot-tempered)
  150. 150. Example:4 In a happy, somewhat boisterous celebration of the European discovery of America, the major phase of the Columbus Cinquecentennial got off to ______ start on Friday.a) a slow.b) A rousing.c) a reluctantd) an indifferent. Accenture 2007e) a quiet.
  151. 151. Sentence CompletionAnswer : b) a Rousing
  152. 152. Example:5 We are ___ the intellects of the past; or rather, like children we take it for granted that somebody must supply us with our supper and our _____ .a) Ungrateful to …. Ideas.b) Dependent on … reposec) Unfaithful to … needsd) Fortunate in …. Allowancee) Generous to …. wants
  153. 153. Sentence CompletionAnswer: a) Ungrateful to …. Ideas.
  154. 154. Example:6Sharmi is always late she never comes___ time a) at b) with in c) on d) Before (Wipro)
  155. 155. Sentence CompletionAnswer: c) on
  156. 156. Example:7It is very nice. before I came here I didnt see it_________a) any whereb) anyonec) every oned) every where (Wipro)
  157. 157. Sentence CompletionAnswer: a) any where
  158. 158. Example:8Tennyson was a well-loved poet; no other poetsince has been so ____ . a). lionized b). attacked c). decried d). poetical e). abhorred
  159. 159. Sentence CompletionAnswer: A. lionized
  160. 160. Example:9Harding was unable to ____ the results of thesurvey; although entirely unexpected, the figureswere obtained by a market research firm with an____ reputation. a). accept - peerless b). discount - impeccable c). fault-mediocre d). counter - unenviable e). believe - fine
  161. 161. Sentence CompletionAnswer: B. discount - impeccable
  162. 162. Example:10Many so-called social playwrights are distinctly ____ ;rather than allowing the members of the audience toform their own opinions, these writers force a viewpointon the viewer. a). conciliatory b). prolific c). iconoclastic d). didactic e). contumacious
  163. 163. Sentence CompletionAnswer: D. didactic
  164. 164. Example - 11In American film, some character actors havefound it _____ to gain widespreadrecognition, although within the smallercommunity of actors, directors, and producersthey are highly regarded.a)Difficultb)Acceptablec)Unsatisfactoryd)Discouraginge)Relatively simple
  165. 165. Sentence CompletionAnswer: a) Difficult
  166. 166. Example - 12Despite the fact that over time the originally antagonistic response to his sculpture had lessened, to this day, hardly any individuals ____ his art.a) Applaudb) Castigatec) Evaluated) Denouncee) ignore
  167. 167. Sentence CompletionAnswer: a) Applaud
  168. 168. Example - 13In contrast to physicists who base their research on scientific theory, he modeled his procedure on rigorous ____; so despite the fact that his method was less sophisticated, hid results were ___ sound.a) Fiction …methodologicallyb) abstraction…arguablyc) Intuition … scientificallyd) Observation…factually
  169. 169. Sentence CompletionAnswer: d) Observation…factually
  170. 170. Example - 14Although he asserted his theology was derived from ____ school of thought, it actually utilizes conventions from many religious and so it rightfully could be described as having ____ origins.a) A particular… diverseb) A cogent …multitalentedc) A prominent …coherentd) A single…consonant
  171. 171. Sentence CompletionAnswer: a) A particular… diverse
  172. 172. Example - 15Although bound to impose the law, a judge is free to use her discretion to ___ the anachronistic ___ of some criminal penalties.a) Enforce … judiciousnessb) Impose…legallyc) Exacerbate…severityd) Mitigate…barbarity
  173. 173. Sentence CompletionAnswer: d) Mitigate…barbarity
  174. 174. Example - 16To examine the ___ of importing concepts from one discipline to enhance another, merely look at the degree to which words from the first may, without distortion, be ___ the second.a) danger… meaningless forb) Popularity… created withinc) Etiquette…revitalized byd) Validity … employed by
  175. 175. Sentence CompletionAnswer: d) Validity … employed by
  176. 176. Example - 17Recent investigation into business and morality reveals the way in which apparently ____ business decisions, typically lost sight of in the ordinary operations of commerce, in reality ___ moral choices of major importance.a) unimportant… representb) Unreliable…provokec) Unparalleled…symbolize
  177. 177. Sentence CompletionAnswer: a) unimportant… represent
  178. 178. Example - 18While many people enjoy observing rituals and customs not ___ their culture, they _____ participating in them.a) Sanctioned by… encourageb) Endemic to …eschewc) Upheld in…. Condoned) Central to …relishe) Accustomed to … avoid
  179. 179. Sentence CompletionAnswer: b) Endemic to …eschew
  180. 180. Example - 19The sparring of the two lawyers appeared ____; however, it is well known that, outside the courtroom, the friendship between the two is____.a) pointless…cooperativeb) Hostile…obviousc) Lighthearted…abrogatedd) Heightened… concealede) Brilliant … precluded
  181. 181. Sentence CompletionAnswer: b) Hostile…obvious
  182. 182. Example - 20In radio, a morning broadcasting time often ___ a larger and more ____ audience and, thus, one that is more appealing to advertisers of expensive products.a) Demands … attractiveb) Denotes… agreeablec) Indicates… prosperousd) Overlooks… practical
  183. 183. Sentence CompletionAnswer: c) Indicates… prosperous
  184. 184. Spotting Errors• Grammatical Errors form the most Probable Error in Error Spotting exercises.• Mistakes in Preposition and Tenses is more Common.
  185. 185. Examples1) The car is / almost / the same / like mine.2) The weather / feels / as / spring.3) Mary‟s job / is as / hard / than Bill‟s.4) Some of the M.P‟s absented/ from lok sabha even/ when issues of the highest/ importance were being discussed.
  186. 186. Examples5) India is one of/ those few countries/ whichhas maintained /steady growth rate.6) Let you and I/ press our minds/ intothinking/ out the best solution.7) None of the boys/ who were/ present therecame/ for help.
  187. 187. Examples8) Shangai is/bigger than/ any city in/ the world.9) I shall /leave this /place when /he will come.10) When I returned /my home from office/ I saw the flower pots are/ broken infront of my home/No error. (Wipro 2008).11) The walls are/ now wet/ because yesterday/ it has been raining./ No error. (Wipro 2008).
  188. 188. Examples12). At the music recital, Alexandra enjoyedlistening to her friend Mohammed‟sinsightful Interpretation, which she thought wasmore sophisticated than the other performers.No error. (infosys)13). If one is interested in learning even moreabout Zora Neale Hurston, you should readRobert Hemingways biography. No error. (infosys)
  189. 189. Examples14. Sponsors of the Olympic games who bought advertising time on united states television includes at least a dozen international firms whose names are familiar to American consumers. No error. (infosys)15. Originally a protest on conventional painting, the pre-Raphaelite movement exerted great influence on the art of its time. No error. (infosys)
  190. 190. Examples16). In financial matters / it is important to / get disinterested advice. / no error.17). Credit cards have / brought about a revolution / in people‟s spending habits. / no error.18). A cogent remark / compels acceptance because / of their sense and logic. / no error.19). He had been / saved of death as if / by divine intervention. / no error.
  191. 191. Examples20). The film was so disjointed / that I could not tell you / what the story was about. / no error.21). Take two spoonful / of this medicine / every three hours. / no error.22). Some women admit that / their principle goal in life / is to marry a wealthy man. / no error.23). If the allegations / made against him / are found to be true / he could face rigorous imprisonment. / no error
  192. 192. Examples24). On discovering that / it was a forgery / he torn up the agreement / he had signed. / no error.25). With regard to implementation the / details of the proposal / the committee was divided / in its opinion. / no error.
  193. 193. Solution16). In financial matters / it is important to / get neutral advice / no error.17). Credit cards have / bought about a revolution / in people‟s spending habits / no error.18). A cogent remark / compels acceptance because / of it sense and logic / no error.19). He had been / saved from death as if / by divine intervention / no error.
  194. 194. Solution20). The film was so disjointed / that I can not tell you / what the story was about / no error.21). Take two spoonfuls / of this medicine / every three hours / no error.22). Some women admit that / their principal goal in life / is to marry a wealthy man / no error.23). If the allegations / made against him / are found to be true / he could face rigorous imprisonment / no error
  195. 195. Solution24). On discovering that / it was a forgery / he torn up the agreement / he had signed / no error.25). With regard to implementation the / details of the proposal / the committee was divided / in its opinion / no error.
  196. 196. Reading ComprehensionIts Tests your Ability to UnderstandContent, Technique and your LogicalInterpretation Skills.
  197. 197. Some Strategies For Use• Look carefully at the Parts of Speech specially in the Synonym and Antonym variation questions.• Look for Secondary Meanings of words if the Primary ones do not seem to fit.• If the Meaning of a Word is not known, try and place it within a Context, and then see what Sense it makes.
  198. 198. Tactics• Tackle Passages with Familiar Subjects before passages with unfamiliar ones.• First Read the Passage, then Read the Questions.• Learn to Spot the Major Reading Question types. a) Main idea. b) Finding specific details. c) Inference. d) Application to other situations. e) Tone. f) Technique. g) Vocabulary.
  199. 199. Idioms•Idioms are the Expressions whose Meaningscannot be easily worked out from the wordsthey contain.• It is Expression in the Sentence.• It is Different from Slang / Colloquial.
  200. 200. Example:1The manager‟s bark is worse than his bite.a) He shoutsb) He punishesc) His action is worse than his speechd) His speech is worse than action
  201. 201. IdiomsAnswer: a) His speech is worse than action
  202. 202. Example: 2It is bad to pass the buck on somebody.a) Infectb) Inflictc) Blamed) Shift responsibility
  203. 203. IdiomsAnswer: a) Shift responsibility
  204. 204. Example:3Political parties pay back in the same coinwhen attacked. a) Pay money to silence b) Retaliate physically c) Answer in the same manner d) Reply differently
  205. 205. IdiomsAnswer: C) Answer in the same manner
  206. 206. Example: 4The new kid really gets under my skin.a) The baby is of my complexionb) The baby is less in colour than I amc) Baby makes me laughd) The baby annoys me a lot
  207. 207. IdiomsAnswer: d) The baby annoys me a lot
  208. 208. Example: 5If I am wrong on this point, I‟ll eat my wordsa) I shall change my words.b) I shall justify.c) I shall argue.d) I will admit it.
  209. 209. IdiomsAnswer: d) I will admit it.
  210. 210. Jumbled OrderTypes, Jumbled Words. Jumbled Sentence.
  211. 211. Example:1A. It was never denied and seemed to be integrated into the city life.B. The poverty was there right in the open in all the streets.C. But, somehow it did not depress me as much as I had.D. Indian society is associated with great poverty, and indeed I saw a lot of poverty in Mumbai.
  212. 212. Jumbled SentenceD) Indian society is associated with great poverty, and indeed I saw a lot of poverty in Mumbai.C) But, somehow it did not depress me as much as I had.B) The poverty was there right in the open in all the streets.A) It was never denied and seemed to be integrated into the city life.
  213. 213. Example:2a) Their growing costs and a growing economy must be reckoned with realistically.b) Central programmes persist and in some cases grow.c) As demand expands, programmes expand.d) It is extremely difficult to curtail them.
  214. 214. Jumbled SentenceB) Central programmes persist and in some cases grow.C) As demand expands, programmes expand.D) It is extremely difficult to curtail them.A) Their growing costs and a growing economy must be reckoned with realistically.
  215. 215. Jumbled SentenceRearrange the jumbled sentences. The first andthe last are in their proper places. Find the propersequence of ABCD.
  216. 216. Example:31. Eventually, tim brought in a communications consultant named Gloria Hoffman to mediate.A. She also forced them to talk about what they respected about each other.B. With Hoffman‟s help, they came to an agreement to help ensure a smooth transition.C. For the year that Ray planned to remain CEO, he could veto tim‟s ideas. But after that year he would pack up, leave the building and not interfere.D. For six months, Ray and Tim met independently with Hoff man to vent their frustration with each other.6. „they began to think like that and ended up doing it on their own‟, say Hoffman, „it changed their „relationship considerably‟
  217. 217. Jumbled Sentence1. Eventually, Tim brought in a communications consultant named Gloria Hoffman to mediate.D. For six months, Ray and Tim met independently with Hoff man to vent their frustration with each other.B. With Hoffman‟s help, they came to an agreement to help ensure a smooth transition.C. For the year that Ray planned to remain CEO, he could veto Tims ideas. But after that year he would pack up, leave the building and not interfere.A. She also forced them to talk about what they respected about each other.6. „They began to think like that and ended up doing it on their own‟, say Hoffman, „it changed their „relationship considerably‟
  218. 218. Example 4a) It was never denied and seemed to be integrated into the city life.b) The poverty was there right in the open in all the streets.c) But, somehow it did not depress me as much as I had feared.d) Indian society is associated with great poverty, and indeed I saw a lot of poverty in mumbai.
  219. 219. Jumbled Sentencea) It was never denied and seemed to be integrated into the city life.d) Indian society is associated with great poverty, and indeed I saw a lot of poverty in mumbai.b) The poverty was there right in the open in all the streets.c) But, somehow it did not depress me as much as I had feared.
  220. 220. Example - 5a) Ask anybody who they work for nowadays, and the answer is likely to be „a small company‟.b) And that company is more likely to go bust.c) Fascination with size is no more revealing in management theory than it is other areas of life.d) Regardless of the relative merits of big and small companies, nowadays you are more likely to work for a small company.
  221. 221. Jumbled SentenceD) Regardless of the relative merits of big and small companies, nowadays you are more likely to work for a small company.A) Ask anybody who they work for nowadays, and the answer is likely to be „a small company‟.B) And that company is more likely to go bust.C) Fascination with size is no more revealing in management theory than it is other areas of life.
  222. 222. Thank YouBllue Lotus

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