Low back pain..by pranav bnys

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Low back pain..by pranav bnys

  1. 1. LOW BACK PAIN…<br />Pranav Khawale<br />BNYS(2nd year),<br />SVYASA.<br />
  2. 2. Definition <br /><ul><li>Low back pain, which affect 60% to 80% of the </li></ul>adult population at one time or another, is sharp or diffuse pain and often is accompanied by inflexibility and tenderness at the lumbar region.<br />
  3. 3. Etiology<br /><ul><li>The most common cause of low back pain is relatively minor trauma or injury to the supporting muscles, spinal disks in lumbar region.
  4. 4. Generally, repeated twisting or lifting of heavy object triggers the injury.
  5. 5. Compression fractures at the lower part of the spine occure relatively frequent in older women with ossteoporosis.</li></li></ul><li>Etiology<br /><ul><li>Other cause of lower back pain includes a number of degenerative and mechanical conditions, most commonly lumbar degerative disk disease.
  6. 6. Spondylosis (degenerative spondylolisthesis, artritis of the spine).
  7. 7. Low back pain can be caused by Sciatica, Ulcer, Nephrolithiasis, ovarian cyst, pancreatitis, etc…</li></li></ul><li>Risk factor<br /><ul><li>People who regularly lift, twist, bend, and operate vibrating equipment.
  8. 8. Trauma, infection, heridity a history of intermittent sciatica, poor overall fitness.
  9. 9. Smoking seem to increase a person's risk for developing degenerative back conditions.
  10. 10. depression or some personality disorders …</li></li></ul><li>Signs and Symptoms<br /><ul><li>Tenderness, pain, and stiffness in the lower back
  11. 11. Pain that radiates into the buttocks or legs
  12. 12. Difficulty standing erect or in one position for an extended time
  13. 13. Discomfort while sitting
  14. 14. Weakness and leg fatigue while walking</li></li></ul><li>Differential Diagnosis<br />Since low back pain can be a symptom of other condition<br /><ul><li>Lumbar degenerative disk disease (chronic low back pain)
  15. 15. Spondylosis (degenerative spondylolisthesis)
  16. 16. Spinal or lumbar stenosis
  17. 17. Sciatica (lumbar radiculopathy)
  18. 18. Spinal fracture
  19. 19. Herniated nucleus pulposus or ruptured intervertebral disk</li></li></ul><li>Differential Diagnosis<br /><ul><li>Ovarian cyst
  20. 20. Nephrolithiasis
  21. 21. Pancreatitis
  22. 22. Ulcers
  23. 23. Depression</li></li></ul><li>Laboratory Tests<br /><ul><li>Alkaline phosphatase to rule out bone tumor. CBC, ANA, ESR, rheumatoid factor to rule out rheumatoid arthritis, infection, and osteomyelitis</li></li></ul><li>Pathophysiology<br /><ul><li>Blood tests that reveal elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate or WBC suggest infection.</li></li></ul><li>Treatment option<br /><ul><li>Allopathy
  24. 24. Homeopathy
  25. 25. Ayurveda
  26. 26. Naturopathy</li></li></ul><li>NATUROPATHY<br /><ul><li>Chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation can help to release muscle spasm, improve flexibility, and increase parasympathetic response to induce pain relief…</li></li></ul><li>NATUROPATHY<br /><ul><li>Hydrotherapy- Alternating hot and cold applications brings nutrients to the site and diffuses metabolic waste from inflammation.
  27. 27. Castor oil pack- Used externally, castor oil is a powerful anti-inflammatory. </li></li></ul><li>Acupuncture<br /><ul><li>It help to relieve spasm and pain
  28. 28. Increase circulation to the affected area </li></li></ul><li>Massage<br /><ul><li>Massage is helpful both acutely and to prevent chronic problem
  29. 29. It give straighten to the back muscles
  30. 30. Gives relaxation
  31. 31. Improves circulation</li></li></ul><li> Yoga and Exercise<br /><ul><li>Yoga and Exercise helps to improve the Low back pain
  32. 32. It gives relaxation to the back muscles
  33. 33. Helps to improve circulation </li></li></ul><li>THANK YOU…<br />

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