Presentation c ordination


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Presentation c ordination

  1. 1. What is co-ordination?  CO-ORDINATION implies an orderly pattern or arrangement of group efforts to ensure unity of actions in the pursuit of common objectives. Coordination is the orderly synchronizing of efforts of the subordinates to provide the proper amount, timing and quality of execution so that their unified efforts lead to the stated objective, namely, the common purpose of the enterprise.
  2. 2. Co-ordination  The Essence of Management Coming together is a beginning, Keeping together is progress & Working together is success. - Henry Ford  “Coordination is balancing and keeping together the team by ensuring suitable allocation of tasks tom the various members and seeing that the tasks are performed with harmony among the members themselves.- Edward Francis Leopold Brech
  3. 3. Nature & Features:  Nature & Features are Not a distinct function but the very essence for management.  Basic responsibility of manager. Does not arise spontaneously or by force; has to be through conscious efforts of the management.  Common purpose Balancing, timing and integrating are the 3 basic elements to be executed by management.
  4. 4. Types of co-ordination :  Coordination can be classified as:  Internal and External  Vertical and Horizontal  Procedural and Substantive
  5. 5. Internal co-ordination  Internal Coordination among the employees of the same department or section, among workers or managers at various levels, among branch offices, plants, departments and sections.
  6. 6. External Coordination:  External Coordination with customers, suppliers, government and outsiders with whom the enterprise has business connections.
  7. 7. Vertical Coordination:  Vertical Coordination This exists within a department where the departmental head is called upon to coordinate the activities of all those placed below him.
  8. 8. Horizontal Co-ordination:  This exists between different departments such as production, sales, purchasing, finance, personnel etc.
  9. 9. Procedural and Substantive co- ordination:  Procedural Coordination: It is the generalized description of the behaviors and relationships of the members of the organization. This establishes the lines of authority and outlines the sphere of activity and authority of each member of the organization.  Substantive Coordination: This is concerned with the contents of the organizations activities. In an automobile factory, an organization chart is an aspect of procedural coordination, while blueprints for the engine block of the car being made are an aspect of substantive coordination
  10. 10. TECHNIQUES OF CO- ORDINATION:  Sound planning  Simplified organization  Effective communication  Effective leadership and  supervision Chain of command.
  11. 11. Co-ordination & Co-operation: Co-ordination co-operation Co-ordination: It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts in pursuit of common goals. Co-operation: It means mutual help willingly. Scope: It is broader than co- operation which includes as well because it harmonizes the group efforts. Scope:It is termed as a part of co-ordination Process: The function of co- ordination is performed by top management. Process: The functions of co- operation are prepared by persons at any level. Requirements: Co-ordination is required by employees and departments at work irrespective of their work. Requirements: Co-operation is emotional in nature because it depends on the willingness of people working together. Relationship: It establishes formal and informal relationships. Relationship: It establishes informal relationship.
  12. 12. Need & Significance of Co- ordination:  Coordination encourages team spirit .  It gives proper direction.  It facilitates motivation.  It makes optimum utilization of resources.  It helps to achieve objectives quickly.  It improves relations in the organization.  It leads to higher efficiency.  It improves goodwill of the organization.