Pramod Energy Harvesting Project 2008

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A Concept on various methods to efficiently generate and utilise the power energy through natural resources

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Pramod Energy Harvesting Project 2008

  1. 1. PROJECT: ENERGY HARVESTING THROUGH WEARABLE SENSOR NETWORK SYSTEMS<br />By<br />PRAMOD KUMAR CHENNAMADHAVUNI<br />
  2. 2. SYNOPSIS<br /><ul><li>AIM OF THE PROJECT – SIX OF SUCCESS
  3. 3. LIMITATIONS OF STORAGE
  4. 4. ENERGY HARVESTING SOURCES
  5. 5. SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR CONVERSION
  6. 6. CONVERTIBLE ENERGY – KINETIC, ELECTRO-MAGNETIC RADIATION & THERMAL
  7. 7. NETWORK SYSTEM DESIGN
  8. 8. RESEARCH ON NANOSCIENCE PROPERTIES
  9. 9. APPLICATION OF WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS
  10. 10. BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES
  11. 11. SUMMARY</li></li></ul><li>AIM OF THE PROJECT – SIX OF SUCCESS<br /><ul><li>To develop energy harvesting nano wearable wireless systems from human user activities, environment and highly efficient electrical circuits to store, extract, convert generated charges into continuous, self regulated, self generative energies by electro-mechanical methods using nano-composite structures
  12. 12. To interface human to global ICT through networking
  13. 13. To integrate ultra low power body LAN to wide variety of wireless systems by MEMS, NEMS and Piezo designed controls
  14. 14. To design and develop sensor networks and mobile devices without battery but with regenerative secondary battery, fuel & chemical cells of nano weight & size
  15. 15. To harvest kinetic energy, thermal energy, and electro-magnetic radiation energies of environment, natural resources and human
  16. 16. To consider key factors such as vibrations surrounded, temperature gradient, exciting magnitudes, frequency spectra, periodicity, gravimetric and volumetric ratios, surface to volume ratios and other nano properties.</li></li></ul><li>LIMITATIONS OF STORAGE<br />Battery energy storage capacity<br />Only 3 times increase in energy density (Li-ion) till now<br />Size and weight factors as volumetric and gravimetric ratios<br />Methods to convert, store and capture existing energy<br />Utilization of environment and human energies<br />To Overcome the Limitations:<br />Fuel and chemical cells, natural resource energy(solar/wind etc.)<br />Harvesting of energy from human body and environment<br />Nano composites with high storage volumes, nano size and nano weight<br />Secondary batteries to capture, conserve, convert, regenerate and store the existing surrounded energy <br />Discontinuous operation when not in use and vice versa<br />
  17. 17. ENERGY HARVESTING SOURCES<br />HUMAN<br /> - Possibility:- Average Human step energy is of 40J and average short RF transmission energy consumes 100microW<br /> Energy Source: KINETIC<br /> THERMAL<br /> -Examples for human energy: shaking of hand, body heat flow into electricity, pressure energy on piezoelectric devices.<br />ENVIRONMENT<br />Energy Source: KINETIC<br /> THERMAL<br /> ELECTRO MAGNETIC RADIATION<br /> - Examples for environmental energy: Solar power and mechanical vibrations (PZT) – with unlimited regenerative power source for wireless sensors<br />
  18. 18. CONVERTIBLE ENERGY-KINETIC<br />KINETIC ENERGY (KE)<br /><ul><li>ELECTRICAL ENERGY (EE)</li></ul>DISPLACEMENT<br />KE<br />EE<br />DEFORMATION <br />PIEZOELECTRIC – <br />Mechanical strain proportional to Electrical polarization<br />Transducer movement against Electrical field<br />electrostatic – <br />Magnetic induction – <br />Variation in magnetic flux through an electric circuit<br />
  19. 19. CONVERTIBLE ENERGY–ELECTRO MAG. RADIATION<br />ELECTRO MAGNETIC RADIATION<br />LIGHT(SOLAR ENERGY) IRRADIATION <br />LOW FREQUENCY RADIATION (RF) <br />RF Design:<br /> Rectifying antenna (rectenna) with a <br />schottky diode between antenna dipoles<br />
  20. 20. CONVERTIBLE ENERGY - THERMAL<br />THERMAL ENERGY <br />THERMAL ENERGY  ELECTRICAL ENERGY<br />THERMAL - ELECTRICAL Design:<br /> Thermocouple, p-n type semiconductor, seebeck<br /> and peltier effect with temperature gradient<br />
  21. 21. NETWORK SYSTEM DESIGN<br />N E T W O R K S Y S T E M C O M P O N E N T S<br />NETWORK SYSTEM COMP<br />NETWORK SYSTEM COMP<br />INFRASTRUCTURE<br />AUTHENTICATION<br />AIR MEDIUM<br />AIR MEDIUM<br />CONNECTIVITY<br />ENCRYPTION<br />SUBNET ROAMING<br />MANAGEMENT CONTROL<br />TROUBLESHOOTING<br />BASE STATION CONTROL<br />BANDWIDTH<br />DATABASE<br />DATABASE<br />WIRELESS<br />MIDDLEWARE<br />WIRELESS<br />MIDDLEWARE<br />DISTRIBUTION<br />DISTRIBUTION<br />SECURITY CONFIGURATION <br />N/W MONITORING<br />REPORTING ENGINEERING MAINTENANCE<br />AIR MEDIUM<br />AIR MEDIUM<br />N E T W O R K S Y S T E M C O M P O N E N T S<br />
  22. 22. RESEARCH ON NANOSCIENCE PROPERTIES<br />HIGH ENERGY DENSITY, SELF DISCHARGING CURRENT AND NUMBER OF CYCLES<br />WEARABLE NANO-ENERGY HARVESTING DEVICES THROUGH SURROUNDINGS<br />NANO SIZE, WEIGHT WITH HIGH DYNAMIC PROPERTIES<br />SELF ASSEMBLY, SELF ORGANISATION AND CLEANING<br />LARGER SURFACE TO VOLUME RATIO AS THE SIZE GOES DOWN<br />LOW GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS <br />MOLECULAR LEVEL INTERACTION<br />NANO POLYMER COMPOSITE STRUCTURES<br />USER FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY HARVESTING AND RE-GENERATIVE NATURAL RESOURCES <br />
  23. 23. APPLICATIONS OF WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS<br />Pressure:<br />Shoe impact, Textile muscle strain, blood, respiration, Piezo-bio sensors, body friction<br />Natural Resources: Wind, Solar, Saline, Bio-mass, Rain, Seismic & Oceanic vibrations<br />Temperature:<br />Body, Rupture, Automobile Engine, Sun, Touchable, Gym, Fast & Rapid acts<br />Wireless<br />WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS USED IN ENERGY HAVESTING<br />Radio Frequency:<br />Wii- Wi-Fi, Game controller, media mobile, camera, radio, GSM, GPS, GPRS, Wi-tricity<br />Nano-Science:<br />Polymer composite cells, chemical/fuel cells, Carbon nano tubes, Organic etc<br />Electro-Mechanics<br />MEMS/NEMS, Machine/Sound/Waves/Environ.. Vibrations, Sport-event movements<br />
  24. 24. BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCE<br /><ul><li> M.Billinghurst and T.Starner, “Wearable devices, news ways to manage information,” IEEE Computer 32, pp. 57- 64, January 1999
  25. 25. J.Meindl, “Low power microelectronics: retrospect and prospect,” Proceedings of the IEEE 83, pp. 619-635, April 1995
  26. 26. S.Angrist, Direct Energy Conversion, Allyn & Bacon, 1982
  27. 27. Energy harvesting projects by: AD JosephPervasive Computing, IEEE, Vol. 4, No. 1. (2005), pp. 69-71.
  28. 28. Atkin design and development ltd. http://www.windup-powerup.co.uk
  29. 29. Saito, Y. et al. Nature 432, 81-87 (2004)
  30. 30. Principles of Instrumental Analysis. 6th Edition, 2007. Skoog, Holler, and Crouch. Chapter 1, Sec. 1C-4, Pg. 9.
  31. 31. G. Lippman (1881). "Principe de la conservation de l'électricité" (in fr). Annales de chimie et de physique 24: 145. 
  32. 32. Electrical Properties of Bone: A Review, Roderic Lakes
  33. 33. Robert O. Becker and Andrew A. Marino, Electromagnetism & Life, State University of New York Press, Albany, ISBN 0-87395-560-9Chapter 4: Electrical Properties of Biological Tissue (Piezoelectricity)
  34. 34. Pollack, S.R., Korostoff, E., Starkebaum, W. y Lannicone, W. (1979) Micro-electrical studies of stress-generated potentials in bone. in Electrical Properties of Bone and Cartilage, (Edit. Brighton, C.T., Black, J. & Pollack, S.R.), Grune & Stratton, Inc., New York.
  35. 35. T.Starner, “Human-powered wearable computing,” IBM Systems Journal 35(3&4),1996</li></ul>www.gogle.com; www.sciencedaily.com<br />www.nano-tech.com; www.uspatents.com ; www.freeplayenergy.com and more……………website journals<br />
  36. 36. SUMMARY<br /><ul><li>SIX AIMS OF THE RESEARCH PROJECT
  37. 37. LIMITATIONS OF STORAGE – BATTERY REGENERATION AND CONSERVATION
  38. 38. ENERGY HARVESTING SOURCES
  39. 39. SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR CONVERSION
  40. 40. CONVERTIBLE ENERGY – KINETIC, ELECTRO-MAGNETIC RADIATION & THERMAL
  41. 41. NETWORK SYSTEM DESIGN TO COMMUNICATE WITH WIRELESS WORLD
  42. 42. RESEARCH ON NANOSCIENCE PROPERTIES
  43. 43. APPLICATION OF WEARABLE SENSOR SYSTEMS
  44. 44. BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES
  45. 45. SUMMARY</li></ul>Note: The source and the content of this presentation is based on my personal skills, knowledge, experience and innovation relevant &predictive to nano wonder world possibility by R&D to commercial development and execution <br />
  46. 46. THANK YOU<br />&<br />WELCOME TO <br />GREEN REVOLUTION <br />

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