Smart cities global experiences and lessons for india at ASCI Hyderabad 25 apr 2013

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How Information and Communication technology is being used by cities in developed countries and what lessons can be drawn for cities in emerging countries.

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Smart cities global experiences and lessons for india at ASCI Hyderabad 25 apr 2013

  1. 1. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 1 Smart cities - Global Experiences and Lessons for India Prakash Kumar Cisco, Internet Business Solutions Group International Programme in Urban Management Administrative Staff College of India April 25, 2013
  2. 2. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 2 • Part-I Smart City: What does it mean? ICT in City Management Examples from abroad • Part-II Discussion on ICT Solutions Relevant to Indian Cities • Solid waste management • Street lighting • Parking • Smart utility (water and electricity)
  3. 3. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 3 • “Smart Cities” : means many things for many people, (depending on what aspect of the city we are touching upon). • The one thing that remains constant is that “being smart” to a large extent is associated with • having access to better-informed decisions and • actions that will enable cities and people to do things differently and tackle urban growth challenges. • This means relying on what information and communication technology (ICT) can offer.
  4. 4. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 4 We need to ask three questions :  Why - ICT makes a city smarter (economic business case)  What - are the crucial ICT components in a smart city (where and how is ICT operating)  How - do you enable smart city policies and solutions to be implemented in a city The “how” is the biggest challenge facing smart cities The “what” is most popular with product / solution vendors The “why” is partially understood and accepted
  5. 5. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 5 1. City Objectives – Social, Environmental, Economic 1. Utilities 2. Transport 3. Real Estate 4. City Services 4. Policy – Best practice & policy examples 2. City Indicators 3. City Components
  6. 6. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 6 For elected officials • My city dwellers (voters) need to believe I’m doing something good in their interest. (improving city services, reducing congestion, making city more livable, more attractive etc.) • My city and its taxpayers cannot afford to pay for the long term investments needed to transform. I need to generate resources by innovative business models and reducing cost of operations. • I want to make my city appear competitive and put it on the world map to attract business investments and spur economic activity. (ex IT companies going to few tier 2 cities) For city officials • What can I learn from different pilots and initiatives already underway that’s relevant to my city? • Where do I start and how best to mitigate risks in such a complex undertaking? • What kind of partnership to put in place and how do I choose?
  7. 7. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 7 Water Quality Air Quality Waste Disposal Traffic Congestion Load Shedding Grievance Redressal Property Tax Collection Functional Streetlight Parking lot occupancy Dashboard View of Various Services • Water quality • Air quality • Road congestion • Load shedding; • Waste disposal; • Grievance redressal • Prop Tax Collection • Functional Streetlight • Parking lot occupancy
  8. 8. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 8 Parking Improved illumination and maintenance Reduced OpEx for cities and improved quality of life for citizens and increase in city property taxes Real time monitoring and improved ability to respond Street Lighting Waste Management Smart Utilities … Environmental Monitoring Reduced search time and congestion Traffic management CCTV Surveillance Reduced congestion Improved safety
  9. 9. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 9 • Collect the in information real time using sensors  Parking, traffic status;  Trash cans (level measurement);  Measurement of Noise level; Soil moisture; Traffic flow etc.;  Moisture, brightness and temperature measurement  Supply of water, electricity etc. • Transport the data from the urban spaces to the information systems using common infrastructure (OFC, WLAN etc.) • Integrating the different information systems existing in the city (lighting, traffic, electricity, water, etc.) and passing it on to relevant authorities • Store, processing and publication of the information both in real time, for the daily management of the city, and historic data for planning purposes.  Mobile Apps for citizens  Mobile Apps for staff  Street Furniture (multimedia/interactive displays) for people to see
  10. 10. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 10 City Transport/Access/Network Services Sensor Network Sensors Vehicles Infrastructures (rail, light, gas, water, bridges) People Multimedia Kiosks/PoDs Spaces (street, road, building) Compute/storage/network Data Collection Service Analytics Linked Data Store Unified Collaboration Event Processing Notification/Alarm Reporting/Trendin g Billing Service Assurance Publishing Application/Services Enablement Resources Applications Catalog Public Apps Private Apps Smart Parking Smart Transportation Open Data Portal Government Services Waste Management Risk Management Operation Center Energy/Water Management Sensor Observation Sensor Alarm API/SDK API/SDK Security Data Collection Service IPaaSAPaaS Ipaas: Integration platform as a service ; APaasS: Application platform as a service .
  11. 11. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 11 • The “Lighthouse City” : Nice Metropolis joins aspiring global cities as smart city “living lab” – part of its larger initiative to improve overall public life. • In the initial phase, the pilot being taken up for four city services over a specific zone : Smart Parking Smart Lighting Waste Management Environment and Air Monitoring. • Cisco is one of the partners providing: Collaborative multi-stakeholder business model End-to-end, full IP solution Extensible and scalable common architecture platform Service solution agnosticity • PoC to go LIVE in the streets of Nice on the occasion of the “Innovative City Convention”
  12. 12. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 12 • The wireless sensors family is provided by Cisco Partner ; and offers the following benefits: • Adapted to any vertical managed by the platform • Great autonomy (8-10 years) • Ergonomic and easy to deploy on the public road network • Low maintenance, as intelligence is positioned at the level of the information system Wireless Sensors • Powered sensors require power supply • They are deployed on the candelabra of the public lighting network • They can involve multiple types of devices : Public lighting system management Smart cameras Speed radars Speakers Etc … Powered Sensors
  13. 13. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 13 Parking & traffic City lightingPrevention of natural risks Smart water metersPollution/ Environment Waste management Communications infrastructure deployed on the street lighting network (Wireless sensors connectivity, Fiber optic, Mesh WIFI & PLC for Intelligent Urban furniture) Data Collection Service provided by . Powered sensorsWireless sensor Street Smart Devices Power Supply: Distribution Network or lighting Serve any kind of application Business applications provided by each vertical provider : open and transparent architecture
  14. 14. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 14 • The solution allows multiple forms of information display • It adapts to the needs and requirements of each vertical managed by the platform • Examples of smart street end-points : - Myltiservice kiosk (parking, public info…) - Payment end-point - Car electric Charge (fast, semi fast, slow) - City digital signage - Road digital signage Smart Street Furniture • The solution is completed with a series of smart phone apps and citizen services • Some provided by (EzPark displays real time information of traffic, environmental quality, parking spots availability … - EzMove suggests public transports) • Some provided by the local eco-system (open innovation) : any start up can apply for a specific use of the platform and create its own service, eg, promotional coupons, social traffic network… Smart Citizen Devices
  15. 15. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 15 • Barcelona has a vision to become a Smart City by efficiently deploying and managing services over service delivery platform (SDP) • Initial list of solutions are in the following areas: Connected lighting, Energy management in public buildings, Transportation, Rain water optimization, Smart parking, Sensor analytics etc • Barcelona creating a Smart City campus in the 22@ district • Barcelona championing a reference framework for Cities “City Protocol”. Cisco is a founding member.
  16. 16. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 16 S+CC Approach Opens Door for Cloud Services Partnership • Formed KC smart service (KCSS) – investment-backed alliance with KT • KCSS offers managed services for smart buildings & smart city projects Platform Approach Targeting 18 basic city-based community cloud offerings
  17. 17. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 17 Example City Advance Water Management System Galway, Ireland and Malta Intelligent Transport System eSymphony of Singapore Wired City (Tele- Health, Tele-education, eServices) SongDo Korea There are many more.
  18. 18. Cisco Confidential© 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 18
  19. 19. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 19 • SMS based system to monitor whether community bins have been cleaned or not. (ex Hyderabad). Mobile based App which takes photo before and after cleaning and status put in public domain. • Send alert to sanitation inspector when bin gets more than ¾ full (ex Nice, France) • Install intelligent wireless IP cameras facing bin. System generates alerts and office an see status of each bin. Before cleaning After cleaning Time and location stamped
  20. 20. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 20
  21. 21. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 21 City: New Delhi S. No. Zone % cleaned Number of bin cleaned/ Total Bins not cleaned Sanitation In charge SMS See on Map 1 North 93 105/ 112 7 Ram Dayal 2 East 92 159/ 172 13 Moti Lal 3 South 58 70/ 119 49 Ajit Rathi Legend: Green: >90% | Yellow below 90 but above 75% | Red : <75% Municipality Corporation of Delhi Garbage Lifting from Community Bin Time: 11: 30 AM Date: 2 Feb 2012 Current Score: 334/403 (82.87 %)
  22. 22. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 22 New Delhi I South Zone Ward Bin No. Location Cleaned/ Total Name of the In charge Send SMS Complaint Vasant Kunj 1 2 3 Kishan Garh Mahipal pur B4 6/6 3/6 4/4 Ratan Sharma 2 East of Kailash 4 5 Sant Nagar Nehru Place 2/3 3/3 Narad 5 Yasuf Sarai 6 7 Market Medical 4/5 4/4 Shyam Baksi 1 Legend: Green: >90% | Yellow below 90 but above 75% | Red : <75% Municipality Corporation of Delhi Garbage Lifting from Community Bin Time: 11: 30 AM | Date: 16 Feb 2012 | Zone: South | Current Score: 334/403 (82.87 %) Last Seven Days: View on Map Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We 80 75 85 88 84 91 72
  23. 23. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 23 Not cleaned Cleaned
  24. 24. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 24 New Delhi I South Zone I Vasant Kunj I B4 Municipality Corporation of Delhi Bin Level report Garbage Bin No: 9870 Location: B4 – Vasant Kunj Name of the Sanitary Inspector: Ratan Sharma Name of Safai Karmachiri: Hari Singh, Bimla, Kriti Photo Before Cleaning Photo After Cleaning Last reported: Yesterday 12: 30 PM (16 feb 2012) Last 7 Days Latitude: 28.3141376 Longitude: 77.95004 Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu Wd
  25. 25. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 25 Zone South Ward Location B4 Garbage Bin No: 9870 Location: B4 – Vasant Kunj Name of the Sanitary Inspector: Ratan Sharma Name of Safai Karmachiri: Hari Singh, Bimla, Kriti Photo Before Cleaning Photo After Cleaning Last reported: Yesterday 12: 30 PM (16 feb 2012) Vasant Kunj Latitude: 28.3141376 Longitude: 77.95004 Last Seven Days Report Un-cleaned bin Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu Wd
  26. 26. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 26 Citizen Feedback Dashboard Citizen to see the performance of their area
  27. 27. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 27 Dashboard - SatisfactionAnideaaboutthesatisfactionon variousparameters Municipalitytounderstandcitizen perspective
  28. 28. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 28 Comparativeanalysisbetweencitiesandzones
  29. 29. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 29 Phase-I  Mobile based application which is easy to implement and scale up  Mobile App which enables people to lodge complaint about non-cleaning of bin  Automation of weigh bridge at garbage dump at outskirts of city and its correlation with garbage lifted  Citizen satisfaction survey Phase-II  Intelligent camera based systems for live feed on status of community bins. Camera also generates report based on quantity of garbage left.
  30. 30. Cisco Confidential© 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 30 Outdoor lighting facts: • Lighting accounts for 20% of Global electricity use • 75% of global energy consumption is consumed by cities • Outdoor lighting is 20-30% of a city’s electric bill
  31. 31. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 31 Cash Flow Pub Safety Eco Dev Sustainability Reduced Payback Fixture cost improvements increase efficiency and recognition of reduced maintenance driving ROI Quality of Light Which provides increased visibility, safety, and security due to higher CRI and better uniformity Sustainability and Standards Public embrace of green technologies and legislated discontinuation of inefficient sources will drive adoption CRI: Color Rendering Index
  32. 32. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 32 Moving from ‘dumb’ to ‘smart’ lighting networks Traditional Lighting Operation Intelligent lighting operations Physical failure inspection • A scouting team drive during night to visually spot failures Remote Monitoring • The lighting failures are automatically reported by the system, saving time and costs Paper based mapping and archiving • Use of paper maps and files to manage the maintenance of the lighting stock Smart asset management • The digital system smartly plans and routes the maintenance works to minimize street blockages Undifferentiated lighting levels • Lights burn uniformly throughout the night Smart dimming & scene setting • Lights are dimmed during low traffic hours to save energy or enhanced in problematic neighborhoods to improve safety Estimation based metering • As multiple entities are connected to the grid, the energy consumption is roughly estimated by the power company Intelligent energy metering & billing • A small meter accurately calculates the energy consumption taking into account the varying rates and automatically bills all entities.
  33. 33. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 33 • Started with manual switching and then to LDR based controllers for managing street light • SMS based controllers (tried in Delhi) • Citizen reporting using mobile apps to inform city office about non-working street lights • IP controlled lighting using more energy efficient lighting devices (ex San Francisco) • Video sensors on the lighting posts detects accident and makes traffic lights in side streets red, all street lights come to full output. The ambulance can reach location as fast as possible • Street lights can also have CCTV of Police embedded in it along with sensors for measuring air pollution, noise pollution, radiation etc. • It can also act as “Point of presence solution for directing customers to the stores” in place of mobile based apps which need internet connectivity, no screen which can be vandalized etc.
  34. 34. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 34 Lighting dependent on time and number of people gathered in a locality
  35. 35. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 35 • Till next refresh of street lighting system  Provide Unique ID to each lamp post  Improve reporting involving citizens/police using Mobile app  Improve SLAs with electricity distribution companies • Switch to IP based street lighting system in next refresh of street light system.
  36. 36. Cisco Confidential© 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 36
  37. 37. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 37 City of LA Low-power sensors and smart meters to track the occupancy of parking spaces. Rates can be varied by city office based on time of day or traffic congestion in that area. Convectional system of tracking occupancy of parking slots, which are displayed on VMB or made available thru mobile Apps Sensors mounted on street light posts which are connected thru a network with central control room.
  38. 38. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 38 Parking and street lighting combined using the same network We can add other functionalities on the same street lamp post, and the network • CCTV cameras • Air and noise pollution sensors • Hydrant pressure checker • Local information display (government services/tourist info/payment systems etc.)
  39. 39. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 39 Primary Objectives Strategy To utilise available space to its maximum capacity • Clear earmarking of spaces • Priority based pricing • Use of parking meters • Setting maximum limits for time share parking To make parking convenient for drivers • Use of signage to direct drivers and show parking status • Leasing out of spaces for regular users • Issuing of smart cards to use for parking To reduce negative externalities that arise from parking • Setting of a price which is neither negligible nor unaffordable to control the demand • Ban parking on certain roads • Imposing effective fines on rule breakers Source: Centre for Public Policy Research http://www.digitalrtimission.com/cppr/Parking%20Space%20in%20Kochi%20Issues%20and%20Solutions-Zeenab.pdf
  40. 40. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 40 • Identification and notification of all approved parking areas (Only NDMC has kept info about 53 parking lots they have) • Installation of sensor based system to identify vacant slots in each parking area which can then be displayed on Variable Message Board of traffic police in the vicinity. • Development of mobile based app which compiles info from all parking lots and makes it available on smart phones of users based on where they are. • Working with police and state pollution control board to integrate all sensors neatly on a street light post rather than cluttering them. • Use of common network infrastructure
  41. 41. Cisco Confidential© 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 41
  42. 42. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 42 • 1/6" hole Leaks = 3,570 litres Per Day • Asia losing $9-bn worth urban treated water every year • New York has 14% water losses • New Delhi loses 45% of treated water (illegal connection + genuine leak) • SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) for water • Key is to identify  Losses (using SCADA)  Locate sub-surface leak points,  Notify consumer in case of abnormal increase in consumption  go for 100% billing
  43. 43. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 43 • Smart meter • Smart Grid • Smart appliances • Home energy controller • Multi-utility communication controller
  44. 44. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 44 Madrid and Amsterdam: UrbanEnergy Management Lisbon: Smart UrbanEnergy in Schools Smart Appliances Home Energy Controller (HEC) Multi-Utility- Communication Controller (MUC) In-Home Display (IHD) Smart Meters Electricity Gas Water Heat West Orange
  45. 45. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 45 • Should every agency/department go for its own network? Or • Go for shared infrastructure and next generation Network
  46. 46. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 46 Intelligent Transport Systems Consumer Services Websites, call centers, offices Building Mgmt Systems Roadside Infrastructure Broadband Govt Networks Real Estate Utilities network Applications & Devices Sensors & Networks Dashboards and sensors
  47. 47. © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 47 Roadside Infrastructure Broadband Govt Networks Real Estate Utilities Network Smart Grid Applications & Devices Sensors & Networks Service Delivery Platform Travel Info Connected Buildings Community Exchange Smart Work
  48. 48. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 48 Running on networked information Helps transform City management Economic development Citizen quality of life
  49. 49. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 49
  50. 50. © 2013 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 50 1998-2004 2005-2008 2009-2013 Connected Real Estate Public Sector Vertical Connected Urban Development EcoBoard Globalization Center Smart Grid Smart+Connected Communities Broadband Internet of Everything Connected Industries
  51. 51. Thank you. www.cisco.com/go/urban_innovation Prakash Kumar prakasku@cisco.com

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