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16 Days 2013: Presentation by Kalpana Viswanath on safety audits and urban planning

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16 Days 2013: Presentation by Kalpana Viswanath on safety audits and urban planning

  1. 1. Urban planning is not neutral.
  2. 2. Enhancing women’s right to the city is a process of • Changing the nature of cities, the ways they are conceived, designed, planned • Recognising the intersecting vulnerabilities faced by women - class, ethnicity, age, migrant status etc • Understanding and addressing the violence and discrimination faced by women in public spaces • Addressing a range of stakeholders - government, police, civil society – to build sustainable interventions
  3. 3. Women’s Daily Lives in the City
  4. 4. Public spaces need to be designed to foster gender and other forms of equity and promote people’s engagement and inclusion, especially the more vulnerable groups.
  5. 5. Safety perceptions are linked to women capacities to gain autonomy and appropriate public spaces. Some of the spatial factors that influence safety perceptions are: visibility, clear and alternative routes, variety of uses and activities, and the presence of diverse groups of people
  6. 6. The availability of public transportation and the types of spaces that support mobility are critical factors that determine our quality of life. The city should offer a wide variety of options, with priority given to pedestrian options within a mixed-use urban fabric. Public transportation should also respond to diverse schedules and needs.
  7. 7. Public participation is essential to understand and give visibility to what happens in certain spaces, to document community knowledge about the place, and in particular, to capture the daily experience of women. We understand participation as an interdisciplinary and mainstreaming process,
  8. 8. Components of safety strategy Generating knowledge and evidence Policing &Legal Framework, Support to victims Women's safety audits Research studies FGD’s Monitoring and Evaluation Gender inclusive urban design and infrastructure and delivery of services Improved response of police Work with community based mechanisms of justice Advocacy on law reforms Such as parks, toilets, bus stops, streets, markets, public transport Supporting community initiatives Anti VAW campaigns Women and youth collectives Working with schools and university Addressing intersection of vulnerabilities
  9. 9. Strategic areas of intervention 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Urban planning and design of public spaces Provision and maintenance of public infrastructure and services Public transport Policing Legislation, justice & support to victims Civic awareness and partnership-building Education
  10. 10. Baseline Study: Delhi 10
  11. 11. Salient Findings Harassment occurs during day and night and in all kinds of public spaces, both secluded and crowded School and college girl students in the 15-19 age-group are most vulnerable Public transport, buses and roadsides reported as most vulnerable spaces Poor infrastructure also seen among the major reasons behind the lack of safety Almost 2 out of every 3 women, including girls reported facing incidents of sexual harassment (SH) between 2-5 times in the past year (i.e. 2009) Almost 9 out of 10 respondents witnessed SH incidents - and 70% men, 55% women preferred not to intervene/get involved Around 68 % women/girls reported that they did react to harassment in some form, confiding in family/friends, shouting back, breaking the silence.. However, less than 1% approached the police
  12. 12. Safety Audits
  13. 13. Young Women conducting safety audits
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Safetipin: a mobile app for collecting data on safety
  16. 16. Safetipin
  17. 17. Men’s urinal near railway station
  18. 18. Road near Delhi Gate
  19. 19. At Badarpur Metro Station at 8 pm
  20. 20. Mehrauli Bus Terminal
  21. 21. State of Pavements
  22. 22. Bus Stop after Dark
  23. 23. WHAT MAKES THE AREA UNSAFE? Obstruction by Parking Obstruction by Toilet 750mm High market street 450mm High Footpath
  24. 24. Working with the Delhi Transport Corporation ‘Training 40, 000 work force through 47 instructors’ Module on women’s safety in curriculum
  25. 25. Safety in Transport
  26. 26. Women’s compartment in Delhi Metro
  27. 27. Barcelona
  28. 28. THANK YOU

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