OUR EARLY CONTACTS WITH
Indirect through the
Indianized countries of
the Malaysian world.
Came to the
Philippines as early as
• We were never conquered by
Traces of Hindu are found in
religion, jobs, writing, languag
e and customs.
Archeological Evidences that Reveal the
coming of India’s Influence through
The gold image of a Buddhist
goddess, excavated near
Esperanza, Agusan province
Bronze statue of Hindu god
Siva, found in Mactan (1843)
The copper image of Ganesha, Hindu
elephant god, found in Mactan
The clay medallions of the 13th
century Buddhist-Siamese, found
in Batangas province (1958)
The gold Garuda pendant, found
in Brooke’s Point, Palawan (1961)
Hindu element in the religious
beliefs of the ancient Filipinos and
the name of their gods came from
ex: Bathala- supreme god of the
Pre-Spanish Tagalogs is
identified with Indra, the chief
of the Vedic gods.
a) Bathala- from the Sanskrit term
“bhatarra” meaning “great lord.”
b) The Mandayas of Mindanao
worshipped a trinity of godsMansalitan, creator of the
universe, Badla, creator of
man, and Pudaugnon, destroyer of
- Resembles the Hindu trinity of
gods, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
2. The Sarong (skirt) and the Putong
(turban) of ancient Filipinos are from
• including the tight-fitting trousers
and embroidered shawls of the
present day Muslim Filipinos are of
3. Superstitious beliefs:
• A maiden who sings merrily while
cooking will marry an old widower.
• A pregnant woman who eats twin
bananas will give birth to twins.
• A comet flashing in the sky is an ill
omen, for it brings famine, war or
d) When a cat wipes off its
face with its paw, a visitor is
e) If a person dreams that one
of his teeth has fallen
out, somebody close to him will
a) Placing a garland of fresh
flowers around the neck of a
visitor as a symbol of respect
b) Giving a dowry to the bride’s
parents and rendering personal
services in the household of his
c) Showering the groom and the
bride with rice after the wedding
d) Offering buyo (mixture of
betelnut, lime and ikmo leaf) to a
visitor as a sign of hospitality.
e) Pilgrimage of a childless couple
to a holy shrine whose deity is
believed to have the power to
grant their wish for a child.
Popular Filipino epics such as:
Darangan, Indarapatra at
Sulayman, Lam-ang, Ibalon and
Hudhud and Alim was inspired by
Mahabharata and other Hindu epics.
6. EARLY INDUSTRIES
Includes boat-building, metal
works, weaving of cotton clothes
and quicklime mining method.
Also from India are the flowers
sampaguita and champaka, fruits
like mango, nangka, sirisa and
vegetables as ampalaya, patola and
Also the musical instrument known as
the Kudyapi (natïve guitar) is from
• 5% blood
• Possess traits such as, fatalistic
outlook in life, indifference to
pain and dignity of bearing.
8. Ancient Filipino writings
originated from India. 375
words- from Sanskrit
Ex: Filipino- ama sanskrit- ama
Filipino- asawa sanskrit- atawa
Filipino- bansa sanskrit-vamsa
Filipino- maharlika sanskrit- mahardlika
• In 1982, Filipinos from Mindoro
sailed to Canton, China in an
Arab ship to sell their goods.
• Chinese merchants from South
China also came to the
Philippines to sell their junks.
• Chinese praised the Filipinos for
• According to Wang TaYuan, “The Chinese trust the
Filipinos for they keep their
• “The traders trust them, for
they never fail to keep their
• Chinese influence are found in
jobs, costumes, food, customs, l
anguage and blood.
Filipinos learned the
manufacture of gunpowder and
method of placer gold mining.
Certain occupations like:
Blacksmithing, track gardening, and
The use of
porcelain, gongs, lead, silver and
tin; kite flying and other games.
Various forms of gambling
The Filipino mode of dressing
bears the imprint of China. The
sleeved jackets (kangan) and
loose trousers of Muslim women.
The use of slippers
(chinelas), wooden clogs
(bakya),and umbrellas are of
The restriction of yellow dress
for the nobility, the blue dress
for the commoners and the
wearing of white by all social
classes for the mourning.
China improved the culinary art and
diet of the Filipinos. We learned how
to roast pigs, brew tea for
drinking, prepare dishes as
lumpiya, mami, pansit, and ukoy; and
the cultivation of bataw, pechay and
Certain Filipino customs are also
from China. Among them are:
-the hiring of a go-between in
arranging marriage between two
-The hiring of professional mourners.
-Filial respect accorded by children to
their parents and elders.
-The explosion of fireworks.
- veneration/ worship of dead
10% of Filipinos today are
Chinese descent. Filipinos
possess commendable traits as:
- Notably close family ties
Chinese influence on our national
language is considerable. (about
1,500 words )
• The early Arabs who made the
first contact to Philippines were
Raja Baguinda- 1390, introduced the
first firearms to the Philippines
Abu Bakr- founded Sultanate of Sulu
4. Sherif Muhammad Kabungsuwan
-Islamic conquest was attributed to
him. Converted pagans of Cotabato
- Sultanate of Maguindanao.
5. Siat Saen- tried to introduce
Islam in Batangas province but he
• The greatest gift of Arabia to
our people is Islam, A living
religion in Mindanao.
• With this religion came a new
form of government- the
• A new alphabet- the Arabic
• the Arabic Literature including
poems, ballads, proverbs and
Ex. “moro-moro”- play of the
• The Q’uranic law based on the Q’uran.
• The Arabic calendar with it’s Muslim
• Muslim arts including the Maranaw
• The Arabesque architectural
style of the mosques with their
onion shaped minarets.
• Islamic customs such as:
• Prohibition of eating pork and
drinking hard liquors.
• Giving alms to the poor.
• Pilgrimage to Mecca.
• Our national language contains
some Arabic words such as:
Akma- akma- appropriate
alak- arak –wine
pilat- pirat- scar
Salamat- salam- thanks
• The title sultan (king), raha
(heir), dayang (princess)and kali
(judge) came from Arabs.
• 2% of Filipinos have Arab blood
from their ancestors.