The philippine heritage from india, china, and arabia


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The philippine heritage from india, china, and arabia

  3. 3. OUR EARLY CONTACTS WITH INDIA  Indirect through the Indianized countries of the Malaysian world. Came to the Philippines as early as 900 AD.
  4. 4. • We were never conquered by them.  Traces of Hindu are found in our religion, jobs, writing, languag e and customs.
  5. 5. Archeological Evidences that Reveal the coming of India’s Influence through Malaysia:  The gold image of a Buddhist goddess, excavated near Esperanza, Agusan province (1917) Bronze statue of Hindu god Siva, found in Mactan (1843)
  6. 6.  The copper image of Ganesha, Hindu elephant god, found in Mactan (1843)  The clay medallions of the 13th century Buddhist-Siamese, found in Batangas province (1958) The gold Garuda pendant, found in Brooke’s Point, Palawan (1961)
  7. 7. 1. INFLUENCES OF INDIA  Hindu element in the religious beliefs of the ancient Filipinos and the name of their gods came from India. ex: Bathala- supreme god of the Pre-Spanish Tagalogs is identified with Indra, the chief of the Vedic gods.
  8. 8. a) Bathala- from the Sanskrit term “bhatarra” meaning “great lord.”  b) The Mandayas of Mindanao worshipped a trinity of godsMansalitan, creator of the universe, Badla, creator of man, and Pudaugnon, destroyer of men. - Resembles the Hindu trinity of gods, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
  9. 9.  2. The Sarong (skirt) and the Putong (turban) of ancient Filipinos are from India. • including the tight-fitting trousers and embroidered shawls of the present day Muslim Filipinos are of Indian origin.
  10. 10. 3. Superstitious beliefs:  • A maiden who sings merrily while cooking will marry an old widower. • A pregnant woman who eats twin bananas will give birth to twins. • A comet flashing in the sky is an ill omen, for it brings famine, war or other calamity.
  11. 11. d) When a cat wipes off its face with its paw, a visitor is coming.  e) If a person dreams that one of his teeth has fallen out, somebody close to him will die.
  12. 12. 4. CUSTOMS:  a) Placing a garland of fresh flowers around the neck of a visitor as a symbol of respect and hospitality.
  13. 13. b) Giving a dowry to the bride’s parents and rendering personal services in the household of his prospective parents-in-law.  c) Showering the groom and the bride with rice after the wedding ceremony.
  14. 14. d) Offering buyo (mixture of betelnut, lime and ikmo leaf) to a visitor as a sign of hospitality.  e) Pilgrimage of a childless couple to a holy shrine whose deity is believed to have the power to grant their wish for a child.
  15. 15. 5. LITERATURE  Popular Filipino epics such as: Darangan, Indarapatra at Sulayman, Lam-ang, Ibalon and Hudhud and Alim was inspired by Mahabharata and other Hindu epics.
  16. 16. 6. EARLY INDUSTRIES  Includes boat-building, metal works, weaving of cotton clothes and quicklime mining method.
  17. 17. Also from India are the flowers sampaguita and champaka, fruits like mango, nangka, sirisa and vegetables as ampalaya, patola and malunggay.  Also the musical instrument known as the Kudyapi (natïve guitar) is from India.
  18. 18. 7. TRAITS  • 5% blood • Possess traits such as, fatalistic outlook in life, indifference to pain and dignity of bearing.
  19. 19. 8. Ancient Filipino writings originated from India. 375 words- from Sanskrit  Ex: Filipino- ama sanskrit- ama Filipino- asawa sanskrit- atawa Filipino- bansa sanskrit-vamsa Filipino- maharlika sanskrit- mahardlika
  21. 21. • In 1982, Filipinos from Mindoro sailed to Canton, China in an Arab ship to sell their goods.  • Chinese merchants from South China also came to the Philippines to sell their junks.
  22. 22. • Chinese praised the Filipinos for their honesty.  • According to Wang TaYuan, “The Chinese trust the Filipinos for they keep their promise.”
  23. 23. • “The traders trust them, for they never fail to keep their bargains.”  • Chinese influence are found in our jobs, costumes, food, customs, l anguage and blood.
  24. 24.  Filipinos learned the manufacture of gunpowder and method of placer gold mining.  Certain occupations like: Blacksmithing, track gardening, and jewelry work.
  25. 25.  The use of porcelain, gongs, lead, silver and tin; kite flying and other games.   Various forms of gambling including jueteng.
  26. 26.  The Filipino mode of dressing bears the imprint of China. The sleeved jackets (kangan) and loose trousers of Muslim women.   The use of slippers (chinelas), wooden clogs (bakya),and umbrellas are of Chinese origin.
  27. 27.  The restriction of yellow dress for the nobility, the blue dress for the commoners and the wearing of white by all social classes for the mourning.   China improved the culinary art and diet of the Filipinos. We learned how to roast pigs, brew tea for drinking, prepare dishes as lumpiya, mami, pansit, and ukoy; and the cultivation of bataw, pechay and upo.
  28. 28.  Certain Filipino customs are also from China. Among them are: -the hiring of a go-between in arranging marriage between two families  -The hiring of professional mourners. -Filial respect accorded by children to their parents and elders. -The explosion of fireworks. - veneration/ worship of dead ancestors
  29. 29.  10% of Filipinos today are Chinese descent. Filipinos possess commendable traits as:  - Notably close family ties - Frugality - Patience - humility
  30. 30.  Chinese influence on our national language is considerable. (about 1,500 words )  Ate------------------a-chi Gunting-----------kau-ting Susi-------------------sosi Tiani------------tiah-ming
  32. 32. • The early Arabs who made the first contact to Philippines were non-Muslims. 1. 2. 3.  Mukdum (Karim-ul Makhdum)1380, built first mosque in Simunul, Sulu. Raja Baguinda- 1390, introduced the first firearms to the Philippines Abu Bakr- founded Sultanate of Sulu
  33. 33. 4. Sherif Muhammad Kabungsuwan -Islamic conquest was attributed to him. Converted pagans of Cotabato to Islam. - Sultanate of Maguindanao.  5. Siat Saen- tried to introduce Islam in Batangas province but he failed.
  34. 34. • The greatest gift of Arabia to our people is Islam, A living religion in Mindanao.  • With this religion came a new form of government- the sultanate. • A new alphabet- the Arabic script.
  35. 35. • the Arabic Literature including epics, love poems, ballads, proverbs and riddles. Ex. “moro-moro”- play of the Tagalogs  • The Q’uranic law based on the Q’uran. • The Arabic calendar with it’s Muslim festivals. • Muslim arts including the Maranaw Sari-manok.
  36. 36. • The Arabesque architectural style of the mosques with their onion shaped minarets.  • Islamic customs such as: • Polygamy • Divorce • Slavery
  37. 37. • Prohibition of eating pork and drinking hard liquors.  • Giving alms to the poor. • Pilgrimage to Mecca.
  38. 38. • Our national language contains some Arabic words such as:  • • • • Akma- akma- appropriate alak- arak –wine pilat- pirat- scar Salamat- salam- thanks
  39. 39. • The title sultan (king), raha (heir), dayang (princess)and kali (judge) came from Arabs.  • 2% of Filipinos have Arab blood from their ancestors.