Speech com 2

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Speech com 2

  1. 1. Speech and the Speech Communication Process: Zhie
  2. 2. Speech  a God-given faculty which sets apart human beings from animals  major medium of communication of daily experiences  reflects men’s countless aspirations and frustrations, their proudest achievements and ignoble failures  vehicle for personality development  a way of self-expression without brush or pen
  3. 3. Speech Communication  the process of sharing meaning through audible and visual codes as voice, facial expression, gestures, movement, posture and the like.  a process that includes participants, context, messages, channels, noise and feedback.
  4. 4. Steps in the Communication Process  See photocopy.
  5. 5. Elements of Speech Communication  Participants  Context  Messages  Channels  Noise  Feedback
  6. 6. Participants  The communicators who are both senders and receivers. Senders (speaker)– encode or transform their thoughts and feelings into messages through verbal symbols and non-verbal behaviour. Receivers (listener)– encode or process the received messages and behaviour and react to them.
  7. 7. Context – refers to the interrelated conditions of communication  Physical  Social Milieu Milieu  Psychological  Cultural Milieu Milieu  Historical Milieu
  8. 8. Messages  are meanings or ideas and feelings that are encoded and sent by means of verbal and non-verbal symbols then received and decoded into one’s own ideas and feelings  Content  Structure  Style
  9. 9. Channels – are means of accessing the messages  Aural Channel  Visual Channel  Tactile Channel  Olfactory Channel  Gustatory Channel
  10. 10. Noise  distraction that interfere with the accurate transmission and reception of a message  External Noise  Internal Noise  Semantic Noise
  11. 11. Feedback  Signifies verbal and/or nonverbal responses to messages like murmurings or asides, nods, facial expressions
  12. 12. Activity

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