The Philippines was once a part of the
United States. This happened when we were
an American colony between 1898 and 1946
minus the years of the Filipino-American War
(1899-1901) and the Second World War
But the Americans promised to leave as
soon as the Filipinos showed they
could run their own government.
PHILIPPINE TERITORY IN AMERICAN
The territory of the Philippines changed during the American era.
*The island archipelagos of the Marianas, Carolines, and Palau in the
South Pacific no longer belonged to the Philippines. Guam was
made by the United States into a separate colony. The other islands in
Micronesia were grabbed by Germany and Britain
*Mindanao and Sulu became part of the Philippines. To bring the Mu
good relations between American and the Muslim Filipinos
(Moro's)of the Sulu archipelago into American power, General John
C. Bates made an agreement with the Sultan of Sulu on
August20, 1899. The Bates Treaty was not approved by the American
Congress. But it helped to establish good relations between
American and the Muslim Filipinos.
*Interior mountain regions of Luzon and Visayas were now
included in the Philippine territory. They were colonized and
developed during the American era. The gold mines of the
Cordilleras were developed. And the Igorots joined the
armed forces of the Philippines as scouts and soldiers.
Baguio became the summer capital of the Philippines
AMERICAN COLONIAL POLICY
1.The Americans said they would go as soon as the Filipinos
could stand on their own as a free nation. From the
beginning , American officials did not want to hold on to the
Philippines as a colony forever . They promised to train the
Filipinos in democracy and self-government. They wanted
the Philippines to stand on its own s a free and independent
nation and not to be a part of the United States always
2. The Americans were kinder and more generous
than other colonial powers of the same era. The
Americans shared power with the Filipinos in
government. The human rights of Filipinos were
protected. The Americans developed the economy
improved hygiene and sanitation, and introduced
popular education for all.
3.The Filipinos adopted American ways very well.
Soon we began to talk, eat, drink ,dress, and even
think like Americans. In fact, other Asians thought
we acted liked its mother country as much as the
Filipinos liked the United States.
AMERICAN COLONIAL GOVERNMENT
The United States was really too far away to rule the
Our country was ruled by the American government in the
MILITARY GOVERNMENT (August 14,1898-July 4, 1901)
Three Military Generals
Gen. Arthur McArthur,
Gen. Elwell Otis
CIVIL GOVERNMENT (JULY
This government was run by American civilian officials
appointed by the American president. But later it was run by
Filipino officials elected by the Filipinos.
Two Philippine Commission
The Philippine Commission- it composed of special
American advisers to the U.S. president. There were
two such commissions but the only the second one
was really important.
1.The first Philippine Commission came to the
Philippines in 1899. I t was led by Dr. Jacob C.
Schurman , Cornell University president. Because of
the war , it did not stay and finish its work.
2.The Second Philippine Commission came in 19901916. It was led by Judge William Howard Taft. The
Taft Commission Stayed and organized the civil
government in the Philippines.
AMERICAN GOVERNOR GENERAL on July4, 1901inaugurated in the Philippines. William H. Taft
became the first American Governor General.
Governor General works- chef executive, he
assisted by the cabinet, and he is making sure that
the laws were put ito effect.
FILIPINO PARTICIPATION in
The Americans appointed Filipinos to important positions in
government. This was supposed to train our people in
democracy and self-rule. Because we were really ready to run
our own government.
The Local Officials Who Elected in Free Elections.
In 1901 Cayetano was appointed as Chief Justice
of the Supreme Court.
In 1903 Gregorio Araneta became the first
Cabinet Secretary of Finance and Justice
PHILIPPINE BILL 1902- The American had to pass laws for the
Philippines at that time. Some American Congressmen were
not sure that the Filipinos could be trusted. They even called
the Filipinos “barbarians "and “savages”.
Philippine Bill 1902 was passed by the Congress. It created
the Philippine assembly.
THE PHILIPPINE ASSEMBLY- on July 30, 1907 , the first free
national elections were held in the Philippines for
members of the all Filipino lawmaking body.
-Philippine Assembly was inaugurated on October 16 ,1907
at Manila Grand Opera House. Sergio Osmena of Cebu as
-was the first all Filipino lawmaking body during the
THE PHILIPPINE LEGISLATOR
-national elections were held for members
of the New Philippine Legislature.
-the new Philippine Legislature was
inaugurated at Manila on October 16, 1916.
It had two houses: the Senate and the House
of Representatives . Manuel Roxas as Senate
and Sergio Osmena as House Of
-There were separation power among the three
branches of government in the colony.
The American governor – general was the power.
He put into effect with the help of Cabinet.
The all-Filipino Philippine Legislature made the
laws of the colony.
The supreme Court and lower courts decided on
disputes about law.
FILIPINO LOYALTY DURING WORLD WAR 1
-When the United States entered First World War in
Europe (1914-1918), the Filipinos became their
The loyalty of the Filipinos to the Americans at this
time was true.
_We are helpful to the Americans because we
knew that we would get our independence at last
, and because we were treated well.
Our colonial government under the United States teaches
us the following lessons.
1. The Filipino cooperated with the Americans because we
were treated well as compare to other colonials.
2. During the American regime , the interior mountain
regions were developed, the Sulu archipelago became
part of the Philippines, and Guam was made a separate
3. The Filipinos were a model for other colonial peoples
because we shared power with the Americans in the
colonial government. We filled important positions in
government, made our own laws , and had a democracy.
4. The Filipinos were a model for other colonial
peoples because we shared power with the
Americans in the colonial government. We
filled important positions in
government, made our own laws, and had a
5. The Americans and the Filipinos began to work
together as allies in peace and in war. The
Americans were impressed with the Filipino
people and their leaders