CD project on Differences between Indian & French Culture
Differences between Indian and
SUBMITTED IN FULFILLMENT OF
REQUIREMENTS OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY
PRADUMN KUMAR MISHRA
SHADAB ALI SIDDIQUI
1. Social Interactions
•Saying "Namaste" while folding
hands and bowing your Head is the
most common greeting among
•Elders are highly respected and it is
considered discourteous to take name
of any senior/elder person.
•Public display of affection is
generally frowned upon.
•In France, in general, men shake one
another‟s hands, men do “la bise”
with women, and women do “la bise”
amongst themselves. So if you‟re a
woman you‟ll be kissing everyone on
the cheek and getting kissed by
everyone. If you‟re a man you‟ll be
kissing women on the cheek and
shaking men‟s hands.
•Public display of affection is very
•Different form of addresses exist for
different formal/Informal settings.
2. Family Values and Education
•Marriage is considered as a very
•Parents live with their children when
•Same sex unions are not recognized
by the state
•Indian Educational system is
decentralized with central as well as
state education boards. Private
institutes are also increasing rapidly
•There is recent increase in the
number of unmarried couples
•Single parent families have also
•Same sex marriages are allowed
•The French educational system is
highly centralised. It is divided into
three different stages: primary
education, secondary education; and
3. Business Interactions
•Shaking hands is a common practice in business
•Decisions are strongly influenced from the top.
Usually one person makes all major decisions.
•Business cards are exchanged and Indians are very
conscious of the protocol.
•Initial business entertainment is done in
restaurants in prestigious hotels. Business can be
discussed during meals.
•For business, men generally wear suits and ties
•Gifts are not normally expected at the first meeting.
Gifts may be given once a relationship develops.
• It is not acceptable in France to „drop in‟ on
someone unannounced and such conduct will be
taken as an act of rudeness, whatever the occasion.
•Punctuality is treated quite casually in France,
although there are some regional differences, the
further South you go the more casual the approach
to time is.
•Gift-giving among business associates is not
common practice in France.
•Fashion and appearance are much more important
in France than in most other countries in the world.
Even low-paid, entry-level executives buy the best
clothes they can afford. Generally, dress tends to be
on the formal side for both men and women,
whether in business or social situations.
•France is ranked in the top 25 countries (on the
Corruption Perception Index of government
organisations) in the world for being perceived as
least corrupt compared to 176 other countries.
•Offices open early as well as close early and
weekends are sanctimonious
There are too many traffic problems
in India such as
•Primitive means of transportation
like Bullock Carts in rural areas
•Open floundering of rules
•Lack of means of public transport
The traffic scenario is much better
•Excellent quality of roads
•Rules and regulations are followed
•Excellent means of public transport
6. Religious Settings
•Religion in India is characterized by
a diversity of religious beliefs and
practices. India is the birthplace of
four of the world's major religions;
namely Hinduism, Buddhism,
Jainism and Sikhism.
•According to the 2001 census,
80.5% of the population of India
practise Hinduism. Islam (13.4%),
Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.9%),
Buddhism (0.8%) and Jainism (0.4%)
are the other major religions followed
by the people of India.
•France is a country where freedom of
religion and freedom of thought are
guaranteed by virtue of the 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and
of the Citizen.
•Major religions in France include the
Catholic Church, Islam, various
Protestant churches, Hinduism,
Judaism, Russian Orthodoxy and
Armenian Christianity making it a
7. Lingual Settings
• India has recognized Hindi and
English as official languages.
• Other than English and Hindi, there
are 20 other official languages
belonging to different regions across
• France has only recognized French
as the official language.
• A few minority languages recognized
by French Constitution.
• Threat of Anglicisation has forced
French people to take many steps for
safeguarding their language.
9th (nominal) / 3rd (PPP)
1 (INR) () = 100 Paise
$1.824 trillion (nominal) 10th;
$4.684 trillion (PPP: 3rd; 2012)
GDP growth 3.986% (2012–13)
$1,491 (nominal: 141st;
2012)[$3,829 (PPP: 130th; 2012)]
agriculture: 17.4%, industry:
GDP by sector 25.8%,services: 56.9% (2012 est.)
5th (nominal) / 9th (PPP)
1 euro (€1) = 100-cent
Nominal : $2.609 trillion USD (2012)
-0.1% (Q3 2013)
GDP per capita Nominal : $41,141 (2012) 
agriculture (1.9%), industry (18.3%),
services (79.8%) (2012 est)
GDP by sector
As a sovereign, socialist, secular and
democratic republic, India is the
seventh largest nation in the world, in
geographical terms, and the second
most populous nation in the world
France is a unitary, semi-presidential
10 Daily chores
Easy and affordable availability of
labour for daily chores like
•Car Problems (Fixing of Punctures)
Most of the daily chores are done by
the people themselves due to the
difficulty in availability as well as the
high cost of such services