A Novelist with a Purpose

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LIFE AND wORKS OF cHARLES dICKENS

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A Novelist with a Purpose

  1. 1. “A Novelist with a Purpose”<br />Life and Works of Charles Dickens<br />By<br />Xavier Pradheep Singh. M. S.<br />
  2. 2. Please Note:-<br />This PowerPoint presentation is available in my website:<br />http://sites.google.com/site/xavierpradheepsingh/<br />So, just listen and take down the important points. Don’t try to copy the content of the slides.<br />2<br />Pradheep<br />
  3. 3. Overview<br />Birth<br />Early Years<br />Education<br />Career<br />Works<br />Literary Style<br />Pradheep<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Birth<br />Charles John Huffam Dickens<br />On 7th February 1812<br />At Portsea in England<br />Son of John Dickens and Elizabeth<br />Second of eight children<br />Pradheep<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Early Years<br />His father, a minor clerk in the Navy Pay Office, was a man of the Micawber type.<br />He was unable to manage his financial affairs which led to a severe financial crisis<br />His family moved first to London in 1823, then to Chatham and back to London<br />Pradheep<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Dickens&apos;s home from 1817 to 1821 in Chatham<br />Pradheep<br />6<br />
  7. 7. A Voracious Reader<br />He read the novels of:<br />Smollette<br />Fielding<br />Le Sage<br />This reading has an influence upon his works<br />Pradheep<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Financial Crisis<br />John Dickens was arrested and taken to debtor’s prison of the Marshalsea<br />The schooling of Dickens was suspended<br />He was sent to work at a blacking factory<br />A time of utter misery, humiliation and despair.<br />Pradheep<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Rescue<br />A timely legacy from John’s grand mother, Elizabeth Dickens.<br />She had left him ₤450 in her will.<br />Hence John was released and Charles Dickens was sent back to school. <br />Pradheep<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Career<br />Became a junior clerk in a solicitor’s office in 1827<br />Learnt shorthand and became a reporter in 1829<br />Became a parliamentary reporter on The TrueSun and then on The Morning Chronicle<br />Pradheep<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Marriage<br />Loved a girl, Maria Beadnell, in 1830.<br />But Maria’s parents disapproved their affair and sent her to Paris.<br />Married Catherine Thomson Hogarth in 1836.<br />They had ten children.<br />The marriage ended in separation in 1858.<br />Pradheep<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Writing Career<br />Published Sketches by Boz in The Monthly Magazine<br />Sketches by Boz was published as book in two volumes in 1836<br />It brought him immediate success<br />“Boz” is his pen name.<br />Pradheep<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Pickwick Papers<br />Chapman & Hall publishers commissioned him to write stories for a series of sketches by Seymour.<br />Dickens wrote The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club from April 1836 to 1837<br />It established his fame for all time<br />Dickens became a busy and successful novelist<br />Pradheep<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Oliver Twist in 1838<br />Pradheep<br />14<br /><ul><li>About a boy named Oliver Twist, who escapes from a workhouse and meets a gang of pickpockets in London</li></li></ul><li>Nicholas Nickleby in 1839<br />Master Humphrey’s Clock in 1841<br />Pradheep<br />15<br />
  15. 15. Tours to foreign countries<br />Visited America in 1842 and again in 1867<br />Visited Italy in 1844<br />Visited Switzerland in 1846<br />Pradheep<br />16<br />
  16. 16. American Notes<br />Based on his impressions of America he published American Notes in 1842 and Martin Chuzzlewit in 1843<br />Pradheep<br />17<br />
  17. 17. A Christmas Carol in 1843<br />Dombey and Son in 1846<br />Pradheep<br />18<br />
  18. 18. David Copperfield (1849)<br />His masterpiece<br />Originally appeared in serial form<br />The most autobiographical of all of his novels<br />Pradheep<br />19<br />
  19. 19. Bleak House in 1852<br />Little Dorrit in 1855<br />A Tale of Two Cities in 1859<br />Great Expectations in 1860<br />Our Mutual Friend in 1864<br />Pradheep<br />20<br />
  20. 20. A Tale of Two Cities in 1859<br />Set in London and Paris before and during the French Revolution<br />With 200 million copies sold, it is the most printed original English book<br />Pradheep<br />21<br />
  21. 21. A Tale of Two Cities in 1859<br />Published in weekly installments in Dickens&apos; literary periodical All the Year Round from 30th April 1859 to 25th November of the same year.<br />Pradheep<br />22<br />
  22. 22. Public Readings<br />He made public readings of his own works on a professional basis<br />Pradheep<br />23<br />
  23. 23. Poster promoting a reading by Dickens in Nottingham dated Feb. 4, 1869; two months before he suffered a mild stroke<br />Pradheep<br />24<br />
  24. 24. Last Novel<br />He wrote till his death<br />The Mystery of Edwin Drood (incomplete)<br />His health broke down completely in 1869<br />Pradheep<br />25<br />
  25. 25. Death<br />Died from a cerebral stroke at Gad’s Hill Place on 9th June 1870<br />He was buried in Westminster Abbey<br />Pradheep<br />26<br />
  26. 26. The Grave of Charles Dickens<br />Pradheep<br />27<br />
  27. 27. Popularity of his novels<br /><ul><li>He was a popular author at the age of 26
  28. 28. His books never went out of print</li></ul>Pradheep<br />28<br />
  29. 29. His interest in Social Reform<br />Dealt with social evils of his day<br />Boarding schools in Nicholas Nickleby<br />Workhouses in Oliver Twist<br />New Manufacturing System in Hard Times<br />Court of Chancery in Bleak House<br />Pradheep<br />29<br />
  30. 30. His Characterization<br />Pradheep<br />30<br />
  31. 31. His Characterization<br />Pradheep<br />31<br />No English novelist excels Dickens in the multiplicity of characters<br />He has created a whole world of people<br />
  32. 32. His humour and pathos<br />Reputation as a humourist<br />His humour is broad, humane and creative<br />Pradheep<br />32<br />
  33. 33. His style<br />Neither polished nor scholarly<br />Clear, rapid and workmanlike<br />The style of a journalist<br />a lyrical style<br />A mixture of fantasy and realism<br />Pradheep<br />33<br />
  34. 34. His humanitarianism<br />His novels belong to the humanitarian movement of the Victorian age<br />He was “a novelist with a purpose”<br />He was the champion of the weak, the outcast and the suppressed.<br />Pradheep<br />34<br />
  35. 35. Episodic writing<br />Most of his novels were written in monthly and weekly installments in journals<br />Later they were reprinted in book forms<br />He used ‘cliffhangers’ to arouse curiosity in readers<br />Pradheep<br />35<br />
  36. 36. His signature<br />Pradheep<br />36<br />
  37. 37. Thank You<br />Pradheep<br />37<br />

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