Pain management through acupuncture

873 views

Published on

THE PPT DESCRIBES ABOUT BASICS ABD BENEFITS OF ACUPUNCTURE

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
873
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
56
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Pain management through acupuncture

  1. 1. Dr. Pradeep. M.K .Nair B.N.Y.S, MSc.(Clin.Res) E.Mail:drpradeep18bnys@gmail.com PAIN MANAGEMENT THROUGH ACUPUNCTURE NIN,PUNE
  2. 2. NIN,PUNE PAIN
  3. 3. PAIN  Pain is the leading cause for visiting the hospital or clinic.  Pain is an unpleasant feeling which can be caused by intense or damaging stimuli.  For eg:- Burning a finger, a cut in the hand, food poisoning etc.  Pain control is critical for healing, satisfaction and a sense of well being.  Pain management is a process of assessing and treating the pain using pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. NIN,PUNE
  4. 4. Description of pain  Duration  Location  Etiology  Intensity  Quality  Temporal pattern  Associated characteristics NIN,PUNE
  5. 5. Pain Pathway NIN,PUNE
  6. 6. Types of Pain  Acute-short/severe  Ex-Injured  Chronic- mild to severe –present for long periods of time and the result of a disease that may require ongoing treatment. NIN,PUNE
  7. 7. What alternative therapies can close the gate?  Music  Distraction of any sort  Ice and heat therapies  Deep breathing  Massage  Physiotherapy NIN,PUNE
  8. 8. Pain management through medication.  Oral analgesia  Analgesic sprays  IV analgesics Side effects  Constipation  Itching  Nausea and vomiting  Respiratory ailments  ulcers NIN,PUNE
  9. 9. ACUPUNCTURE  LATIN WORD :- ACUS- NEEDLES PUNGUE- PRICKING  Pricking needles on specific points. NIN,PUNE
  10. 10. HISTORY OF ACUPUNCTURE  Developed as a part of traditional Chinese medicine 5000 years back.  349 Points were discovered by 300A.D  600-900AD- Started spreading to Korea, Japan and India. NIN,PUNE
  11. 11. CONCEPT OF “QI"  It is a vital motivating force.  In YOGA it is termed as „PRANA‟ OR „Prana Vayu‟.  It is a invisible force responsible for all the movements of life.  YIN & YANG are the two aspects „QI‟. NIN,PUNE
  12. 12. YIN & YANG Good health is a state of energy balance between the two.. Any imbalance between the two causes disease. NIN,PUNE
  13. 13. CHINESE MONAD NIN,PUNE
  14. 14. MERIDIANS  Path through which „QI‟ travels around the body.  It is named after the organs.  Stimulation of the points on the meridian has an effect on the flow of „QI‟.  6 paired meridian & 2 unpaired meridian.  There are 361 points and Extra points(36). NIN,PUNE
  15. 15. NIN,PUNE
  16. 16. Lung Meridian Associated with element metal and its interior – exterior relationship with the Large Intestine. Originate from Middle Warmer NIN,PUNE
  17. 17. Large Intestine Associated with element metal and lung It originates from the corner of nail of Index finger. NIN,PUNE
  18. 18. Spleen Associated with element earth and stomach Originates from the medial side of the great toeNIN,PUNE
  19. 19. Small Intestine Associated with the element fire and heart It originates from the corner of the nail of little finger NIN,PUNE
  20. 20. Urinary Bladder Associate d with the element water and kidney It originates from the medial canthus of eyeNIN,PUNE
  21. 21. Gall Bladder Associated with the element wood and Liver It originates from the lateral canthus of eyeNIN,PUNE
  22. 22. TYPES OF NEEDLES  FILLIFORM  TRIANGULAR  SEVEN STAR  PRESS NEEDLE NIN,PUNE
  23. 23. METHODS OF NEEDLING  STRAIGHT  SLANTING  HORIZONTAL NIN,PUNE
  24. 24. ACUPUNCTURE POINTS  MERIDIAN POINTS: Points on the meridian.  EXTRA MERIDIAN POINTS: Exists on EAR, HAND, NOSE & HEAD.  FLOATING POINTS: No specific location. NIN,PUNE
  25. 25. Dangerous Points  These are in close vicinity of vital organs.  Eg: UB-1  Location: On the margin of the orbit 0.1 t-sun above the medial canthus.  Needling: 0.2 to 0.3 t-sun into anterior border of the orbit. NIN,PUNE
  26. 26. Sedation Points  It brings sedation of the meridian when stimulated.  Eg: Liv 5  Location: On the medial aspect of the leg, along the posterior border of the tibia, 5 t-sun above the medial malleous.  Needling: 0.5 to 1 t-sun, straight.  When stimulated it brings the sedation of the liver meridian. NIN,PUNE
  27. 27. Effects of Acupuncture  SUBJECTIVE EFFECTS:  Pain  Numbness  Soreness  Heaviness  Distension NIN,PUNE
  28. 28. Cont….  OBJECTIVE EFFECTS:-  Analgesia  Sedation  Immunity Improvement  Homeostasis  Motor Recovery NIN,PUNE
  29. 29. HOW ACUPUCTURE IS GIVEN.? NIN,PUNE  DURATION  NO OF SITTINGS  PRICKING STYLE  NO OF POINTS PRICKED
  30. 30. Stimulation In Acupuncture  Manual Stimulation – Using hands.  Heat Stimulation (Moxibustion) – Using moxa wools.  Electroacupuncture – Using electricity. NIN,PUNE
  31. 31. MOXIBUSTION  The dry powder of the leaf “Artemisia Vulgaris” also know as “moxa” is used.  Types: Direct Indirect  Indirect method is commonly used.  It can be given with Ginger, Garlic, Salt, Cup.  The purpose is the normalise the flow of”Qi” and relieve pain. NIN,PUNE
  32. 32. Major diseases in which acupuncture helps…. MIGRAINE NIN,PUNE
  33. 33. Multiple joint pain • OSTEOARTHRITI S •RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS •ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS •FROZEN SHOULDER •TENNIS ELBOW •CALCANEAL PAIN NIN,PUNE
  34. 34. Acupuncture for frozen shoulder NIN,PUNE
  35. 35. NEUROLOGICAL PAIN • SCIATICA •CARPEL TUNNEL SYNDROME •CERVICAL SPONDYLITIS •LUMBAR SPONDYLITIS •TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA NIN,PUNE
  36. 36. MOTOR NEURON DISEASES NIN,PUNE
  37. 37. OBESITY NIN,PUNE
  38. 38. INFERTILITY AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH NIN,PUNE
  39. 39. COMPLICATIONS  Needle Dystocia  Bent Needle  Broken Needle  Fainting  Bleeding  Forgotten Needles NIN,PUNE
  40. 40. CONTRAINDICATIONS  RELATIVE CONTRAINDICATIONS  Patients who are unwilling or afraid.  Bleeding disorders, anticoagulants drugs.  Skin infections at site of needling .  Skin disorders such as psoriasis or eczema .  Metal allergy  Valvular heart disease (for indwelling needles)  ABSOLUTE CONTRAINDICATION  Pacemaker (electro-acupuncture) NIN,PUNE
  41. 41. NIN,PUNE DR. PRADEEP. M.K.NAIR, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NATUROPATHY, PUNE. 09823262179. drpradeep18bnys@gmail.com

×