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windows and its components


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It is an informative presentation to aquaint people with microsoft windows and its basic components

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windows and its components

  2. 2. INDEX  Introduction  History Of Windows  Windows Server  Components Of Main Window  Mouse Function  Highlight, Cut/Copy/Paste  Toolbars  Drag and Drop  File Extension  Multitasking  Virtual Keyboard  Disk Drive  Defragmenting Hard Drive
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Windows is a personal computer operating system from Microsoft , with some common business applications such as Microsoft Word and Excel has become a de facto “standard” for individuals in most corporations and homes.
  4. 4. History of Windows  The first independent version of Microsoft Windows, version 1.0 was released on 20 November 1985. It was originally going to be called "Interface Manager" .  Microsoft Windows scored a significant success with Windows 3.0, released in May 1990. . The introduction of virtual memory, improved graphics, and the ability to multitask helped propel Windows to sell 10 million copies.  As consumer computers became more widespread, Windows 98 included improved hardware and hardware drivers, Internet Explorer, and eventually, Internet connection sharing. Released in 1998, with a new release in 1999, Microsoft 98 was the first release designed specifically for consumers, as opposed to the business or technology set.  Windows 2000: Windows 2000 made everyone's lives easier by increasing the number of plug and play devices compatible with the operating system
  5. 5. History of Windows contd. . .  Windows XP: The system designed for ease and stability, Windows XP was released in 2001, offering plenty of ease and functionality for laptop and desktop users. The operating system was designed to offer users help through a comprehensive help center, and it gave users the ability to consume a number of different types of media  Windows 7: For this current release of Windows, Microsoft learned its mistakes with Vista and created an operating system with speed, stability and minimal system requirements. Microsoft ditched the gadget bar from Vista, replacing it with a cleaner feel.  Windows 8: This latest Windows release is getting a lot of attention. It also comes with integrated antivirus protection, a virtual hard disk and a new platform based on HTML5 and JavaScript. It promises faster boot time, touchscreen compatibility and the ability to create a bootable USB flash drive.
  6. 6. Windows Server Windows Server refers to any type of server instance that is installed, operated and managed by any of the Windows Server family of operating systems. Windows Server exhibits and provides the same capability, features and operating mechanism of a standard server operating system and is based on the Windows NT architecture. Windows Server is generally capable of providing server-oriented services, such as the ability to host a website, user management, resource management across users and applications, messaging, security and authorization and many other server-focused services. Windows Server software include:  Windows 2000 Server  Windows Server 2003  Windows Server 2008  Windows HPC Server 2008  Windows Server 2008 R2  Windows Server 8
  7. 7. WINDOWS AND ITS COMPONENTS  The main components of Windows when you start your computer are the Desktop, My Computer, Recycle Bin, Start Button, Taskbar, and shortcuts to applications.  After opening an application, you will also have a window with an active application which will appear in your desktop and taskbar.
  8. 8. Desktop : The Desktop is the very first screen you see after Windows starts. There you find the folders: My Documents, My Computer, the Recycle Bin and any Shortcuts for applications and files that you have created. Taskbar : The Taskbar is the row at the bottom of the Windows screen where all currently open applications or files are listed. Start Menu : Start Menu By clicking the Start button, in the very bottom-left corner of the screen, a vertical window will come up with the Start Menu. Minimize/Maximize/Close Buttons : Minimize/Maximize/Close Buttons In the top-right corner of your document are the Minimize/Maximize/Close buttons.
  9. 9. My Computer When you double click on the My Computer icon on the desktop, it will open a window similar to the one shown below, where you can navigate between computer drives and control panel tools.
  10. 10. My computer RIGHT click menu
  11. 11. When you delete a file from your computer's hard drive, it is removed to the folder called Recycle Bin. Files deleted from your hard drive are still available for restoring if needed, unless you empty your Recycle Bin .  To restore the files, open the Recycle Bin folder by double-clicking the icon on your desktop, select the file and then select Restore.  To clear the Recycle Bin, select Empty Recycle Bin and the files will be permanently removed from your computer.
  12. 12. Shortcut A shortcut creates a button or icon which typically stays on the desktop and when clicked, quickly allows you to start a program or open a file without having to go to its permanent location on your computer.
  13. 13. Mouse functions  When you use the mouse ,you may click either right button or left button.  Left click is used to issue commands to your computer.  Right click displays a hidden menu related to the object you are in when clicking.  By right clicking, you can operate different functions such as - Copy, cut, paste a file or text Rename or delete a file etc.
  14. 14. To Highlight ,Put your cursor at the beginning of a word or sentence you want to highlight, then click and drag your mouse to the end of the selection. When you have completed the highlighting your chosen area should look like this
  15. 15. Copy/Cut and Paste Text : Text Copy/Cut and Paste Text Copy is used when you want to have an area of text from a document twice at the same document or in another document. You first select the area of the text by highlighting it and then press CTRL+C, or go to Edit menu and select Copy. Cut : Cut is used to delete an area of text from a document. You first select the area of the text by highlighting it and then press CTRL+X, or go to Edit menu and select Cut. Paste : Paste is used to insert an area of text or image in a document by hitting CTRL+V or in the Edit menu selecting Paste. ill appear.
  16. 16. Standard Toolbar : Standard Toolbars are rows of buttons and boxes. When you click on a button or box, an application opens or a task is performed. Toolbars normally appear at the top of an application's window. Formatting Toolbar : The Formatting Toolbar is used to format a text using alignments, font type, font size, bold, italic, and lists. It is provided in most applications.
  17. 17. Drag and drop : Drop Drag is when the mouse button is held down while the mouse is moved. It is mostly used to move files around in Windows Explorer or in some other applications. Drop : Drop is the release of the button, after finishing dragging the mouse. Here is an example of dragging and dropping a file from the hard drive to the floppy drive in Windows Explorer: Select the file, hold down the left mouse button and drag it in the direction of the floppy drive on the left side. After the floppy drive highlights you can release the mouse button; the file will be dropped and copied there.
  18. 18. A file extension is the three letters of a file name after the dot. It is created by the application when you save a file. It is the way operation systems identify which application to use to open a file. Windows often doesn't list them when you are searching for a file, but they are there. Examples are: .txt, .doc, .exe, .html, .jpg, .gif, .wav.
  19. 19. Multitasking  The term multitasking means to be running or working in two or more applications at the same time. For instance: You can download files from internet while managing your files or word processing.
  20. 20. Virtual keyboard  A virtual keyboard is a software component that allows a user to enter characters. A virtual keyboard can usually be operated with multiple input devices, which may include a touchscreen, an actual computer keyboard and a computer mouse.  To access virtual keyboard go to Start Menu >> Accessories>>Accessibility>>Onscreen keyboard
  21. 21. Disk drives • Stores application and files Hard drive • Used when you insert floppy disk • Stored files that you want to transport or create backup Floppy drive
  22. 22. Defragmenting Hard drive  In order to organize disk space and clearing the blank areas you need to defragment your hard disk using an application called DISK DEFRAGMENTATOR.
  23. 23. PRESENTED BY: Vaishnavi . Patel [205] Harmisha . Revdiwala [225] Prachi . Sopariwala [254] Dhruvisha . Vaniawala [267]