Prabuddh Bd Ii Team Agri Biotech


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Prabuddh Bd Ii Team Agri Biotech

  1. 1. Team NRDC Presentation Series Board Room, NRDC, New Delhi Dated 08 July 2009 Business Prospects in Agri Biopesticides and Biofertilizers By , Prabuddh Mishra Consultant ( BD II ) National Research Development Corporation
  2. 2. Responsibilities Commercialization of Agri biotechnologies Evaluation of R&D Files from Agriculture Companies Feasibility report Desk research for new technologies Proposals and technical reports
  3. 3. Methodologies in Business Development Understanding the technology in commercial parameters. Desk research for new technologies Desk research for business prospects for a particular technology Make pre feasibility report
  4. 4. Lessons learned Be patient Make and maintain personal contacts with companies – large and small Set up open communications Don’t fall in love with the technology Offer solutions not technologies Work on multiple projects simultaneously Keep new projects in the “pipeline”
  5. 5. Agri Biotech era includes following technologies Biofertilizers Biopesticides GMOS ( Seeds ) Plant Tissue Culture Plant Based Phyto-chemicals Algae Farming Mushroom Farming Animal /Plant ( ELISA KITS) Biofuels
  6. 6. Biofertilizers The term Biofertilizer is made up of two words . “Bio” means living , and “Fertilizer” means a product which provides nutrients in usable form It contains mainly bacterial or fungal cells , which on application help in fixing or solubilizing the nutrients presents in air or in soil Biofertilizer and Organic manure are different things
  7. 7. Present and last Nine year Biofertilizer Production in India 20000 18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 Capacity 6000 Production 4000 2000 0 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 92- 93- 94- 95- 96- 97- 98- 01- 03- 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 02 04 Source : National Biofertilizer Development Centre Ghaziabad .
  8. 8. Zone wise Biofertilizer production and consumption during 2005-06 16000 14000 12000 10000 Production 8000 Consumption 6000 4000 2000 0 East West North South Source : National Biofertilizer Development Centre Ghaziabad .
  9. 9. Future Prospects Biofertilizers BCIL estimates about 344,800 tones of biofertilizers need in India but production capacity is only 18,000 tones Product quality should be good as end consumers are farmers Organic farming is growing now days , so it’s a good demand in this field , the present organically produced fruits and vegetables are at the global level is valued at $ 27 million . Indian biofertilizer companies are exporting 60 % of there product and rest of 40 % is consume in India Farmers in USA and Europe are well aware of Biofertilizer
  10. 10. Biopesticides Biopesticides are naturally occurring substances that control pests (biochemical pesticides), microorganisms that control pests (microbial pesticides), and pesticidal substances produced by plants containing added genetic material (plant-incorporated protectants) also know as PIPs Biopesticides, particularly microbial Biopesticides, have virtually all the health safety and environmental properties that one would desire in a pesticide Microbial insecticides are come from naturally-occurring bacteria, fungi, viruses.
  11. 11. Biopesticides and their uses Biopesticide Source Nature Nature Used against Crops Type benefited Natural Plants – Biochemicals Antifeedant, Growth Insect pest Horticultural, product Neem regulation, oviposition and plantation and Vitex Garlic mating. disruption plain crops Microbials Bacteria Bacillus Infection Insect pests thuringiensis( Bt) B.sphaericus, , Pseudomonas Antibiosis Disease Virus Nuclear Infection resulting in Insect pest Polyhedrosis epizootics Viruses, GV, Fungi Beauveria, Infection resulting in Insect pests Metarhizium, epizootics Paecilomyces, Nomuraea Trichoderma Antagonism and Antibiosis Fungal disease Gliocladium of plants Protozoa Nosema, Epizootics Insect pests. Thelohania, Vairimorpha Pheromones Pheromones Biochemicals Mating disruption, lure and kill, or Insect pest insect monitoring strategies : Genes or Desired Biochemicals Confer tolerance of herbicide Insect pest and Plant- genes from a application or resistance to disease pesticide : known attack by viruses or insects source
  12. 12. Agriculture - The Changing facets Past : Origin of Agriculture, Pesticides and Chemicalisation – A History Present : It has become customary out of necessity conceived through individual thoughts to talk about hazardous nature of chemical usage in agriculture and compare it with biologicals as if the later have no ill-effect – A view Future : It was therefore thought fit at this juncture when agriculture stands in the cross roads of chemicals and biologicals to talk about a synergy of both – A concept
  13. 13. Availability of Biopesticides About 680 products of different microbials are currently available worldwide In India about 16 commercial preparations of Bt ( Bacillus thuringiensis) , 38 fungal formulations based on Trichoderma,Metarhizium,Beauveria and about 45 baculovirus-based formulations of Helicoverpa and spodoptera are available Microbial biopesticide are likely to replace at least 20 % of chemical pesticides Source –DBT ,Delhi
  14. 14. Future business prospects - Biopesticides In India , the annual estimate damage ( 20%-30%) caused by pests ,diseases and weeds in various crops in the field and stored grains was Rs. 60-70 billion in 1983 . The present price estimates is around 600 billion That’s why in 2005 ,pesticides worth Rs 27 billion were used in India Biopesticides are likely have a greater impact on the insecticide sector . Source –DBT ,Delhi
  15. 15. Cont.1 Some analyst believe that Biopesticides will account for 15 % of the total insecticide market by 2010 . There is a growing demand for organically cultivated fresh and process fruits and vegetables . The current consumption of organically produced fruits and vegetables at the global level is valued at Rs 27 billion . Source –DBT ,Delhi
  16. 16. Cont.2 The APEDA ( Agricultural Produces Export Development Agency ) of the Union Commerce Ministry had proposed to export organic food at a value of Rs 1500 billion annually during eleventh five year plan This would require enormous efforts to produce and use Biopesticides in the context of Integrated Pest Management . The growth rate of Biopesticides for the next ten years has been forecast at 10% to 15 % in contrast to 2.5 % for chemical pesticides Source – DBT ,Delhi
  17. 17. GMOs ( Seeds ) Genetic Modified Organism ( GMO) is that in which the basic genetic material ( DNA) has been artificially altered or modified to improve the attributes or make it perform new functions Transgenic crops ( GMOs) really plays vital role to sustain in tough climatic conditions like limited water , poor land condition ,drought ,heat and saline soil conditions . Bt cotton minimizes the use of chemical pesticides .
  18. 18. Potential benefits of Transgenic Crops Potential Benefits Availability of Pest Resistance more crops Herbicide Resistance Stress (Cold/drought) Tolerance Better quality Delayed ripening Improved Cheaper Food Products Farming More Food Improvement Increased Nutrition In Health Reduced use of Plant Pharmaceuticals Chemicals & Herbicides
  19. 19. Global Transgenic Scenario After successful implementation of bt gene in cotton , now days Seed companies are ready to launch Bt Brinjal ,Bt Cabbage and bt cauliflower . This is again very helpful in minimizing use of chemical pesticides in vegetables. They are also involve in molecular marker based breeding in crops to achieve traits like salt tolerance ,draught tolerance , anti allergic etc instead of existing methods of field based conventional plant breeding
  20. 20. GMOs in USA Source – Wikipedia
  21. 21. Biofuels Fossil fuels are depleting day by day and are expected to finish in 2035 ( Global report by NREL) Global warming and Climate change. India imports about 74% of liquid fuels To make India independent in liquid fuels
  22. 22. Types of Biofuels Biodiesel Bioethanol Biogas Jet fuel Bio-Wax Coal Bricks based on Husk Syn gas from Biogasifires Biocells
  23. 23. Research Scenario in Biofuel segment Algae based Biodiesel and Jet fuel Biorefinary Cellulosic Bioethanol and Biobutanol Biogas production from Jatropha seed cake Other Phytochemicals which are useful in pharmaceuticals industry .
  24. 24. Biorefinary (Technology Base ) Petroleum Refineries Biorefinary a. Distillation a. Biomass fractionation b. Thermo chemical b. Industrial c. Process Biotechnology d. Inorganic catalyst c. Fermentation d. Enzymes (Biocatalysts)
  25. 25. Biorefinary products Cellulosic bioethanol Biplastics Biodiesel Fine and bulk Biogas chemicals Syngas Oleo chemicals Organic manure Biowax Jet biofuel Glycerin
  26. 26. Algae Farming Now days Algae also have many business prospects .
  27. 27. Cont. We can also make biofertilizer from Blue Green Algae . Some companies are involve in making oleo chemicals from algae which have pharmaceutical value in international market As a Nutraceutical product spirulina and chlorella are cultivating commercially by big players .
  28. 28. Plant based Phytochemicals These are the chemicals derived from plants . They have wide applications like bio-pesticides , larvicide's , medicines etc . They are decomposable , so very good for environment . Recently we have a Plant based Mosquito Larvacide technology from IARI ,Delhi .
  29. 29. NRDC Role in Agri Biotechnologies We are promoting these green technologies in India for the welfare of society . Recently we have given project to NICD,Delhi and IARI Pusa to generate bio-efficacy data for Neema Gel and Plant Based Larvacide technology . We are always looking for new biotechnologies to improve agriculture in India .
  30. 30. Achievements Recently we have successfully transfer Mosquito proof Desert Cooler Technology to five companies . We are in talk with Agro Chemicals Policy group to implement Biofertilizer and Biopesticides in chemical manufacturing companies . Some Biofuels based companies also shown their keen interest in green technologies .
  31. 31. THANKS … In case of any queries please contact –