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Sphere standards health response


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Sphere standards health response

  1. 1. Sphere Minimum Standards – Health in Emergencies Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  2. 2. What is Sphere <ul><li>The Sphere was initiated in 1997 by a group of humanitarian NGOs and IFRC. Aim was to improve the quality of actions during disaster response and to be held accountable for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Two core beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those affected by disaster have a right to life with dignity and, therefore, a right to assistance; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All possible steps should be taken to alleviate human suffering arising out of disaster or conflict. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Framed Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  3. 3. <ul><li>Minimum standards cover four sectors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water supply, sanitation & hygiene promotion; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food security and nutrition; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter, settlement and non-food items; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It has the minimum standard – followed by a series of key actions, key indicators and guidance notes. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  4. 4. Public Health Care in Disasters <ul><li>Primary goal of humanitarian response is to prevent and reduce excess mortality and morbidity. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain the crude mortality rate (CMR) and under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) at, or reduce to, less than double the baseline rate documented for the population prior to the disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>By </li></ul><ul><li>Providing essential health services, including preventive and curative interventions that are effective in reducing health risks. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  5. 5. <ul><li>Essential health services are priority health interventions that are effective in addressing major causes of excess mortality and morbidity. </li></ul><ul><li>Better response can be achieved through better preparedness. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparedness should be based on an analysis of risks. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  6. 6. Preparedness includes: <ul><li>Contingency planning, </li></ul><ul><li>Stockpiling of equipment and supplies, </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment and/or maintenance of emergency services and stand-by arrangements, </li></ul><ul><li>Information management and coordination arrangements, </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel training, </li></ul><ul><li>Community-level planning, </li></ul><ul><li>Drills and exercises. </li></ul><ul><li>So as to ensure that health facilities remain functional even during disasters. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  7. 7. Minimum Standards <ul><li>These are qualitative in nature and specify the minimum levels to be attained in the provision of health services. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  8. 8. Key Actions <ul><li>Suggestive practical actions to attain the minimum standard. </li></ul><ul><li>Some actions may not be applicable in all contexts, </li></ul><ul><li>It is up to the practitioner to select the relevant actions and devise alternative actions that will result in the standard being met. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  9. 9. Key Indicators <ul><li>These are ‘signals’ that show whether the standard has been attained. </li></ul><ul><li>They provide a way of measuring and communicating the impact, or result, of programmes as well as the process, or methods, used. </li></ul><ul><li>The indicators may be qualitative or quantitative </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  10. 10. Guidance Notes <ul><li>Include specific points to consider when applying standard, key actions and indicators in different situations, guidance on tackling practical difficulties, and advice on priority issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Also include critical issues relating to standard or actions or indicators, and describe dilemmas or gaps in current knowledge. </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  11. 11. Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers
  12. 12. <ul><li>Thanks </li></ul>Sensitization workshop of Medical Officers