• Overview• Indian Economy Outlook• Production Pattern• Consumption pattern• Export• Indian production scenario• Economic ...
Global Scenario                     &            Indian Steel Industry•   INTRODUCTION•   BACKGROUND PERSPECTIVE•   GROWTH...
IntroductionThough Iron and steel have been used by men for almost 6000 years, yetthe modern form of iron and steel indust...
enterprises to invest    in integrated plants or expand capabilities etcoffered a protected market for the main producers....
is anticipated in the manufacturing and building sectors as the economicperformance improves. However, the medium term pro...
tariffs, rising scrap prices and plentiful indigenous iron ore reserves wouldmean that the most suitable steel making tech...
WORLD STEEL PRODUCTION (IN MT)World SteelProdn       ProdnYear (in MT)2001     850.32002     903.92003     969.72004    10...
Rank           Country/Region      2007        2008    20099          Brazil                    33.8     33.7        26.51...
Rank          Country/Region          2007        2008     200927         Thailand                  5.6      5.2         5...
COUNTRY WISE STEEL PRODUCTION (2009)     2009Country      in MT       %ageChina         567.8        46.5Japan          87...
Company                                                            Crude SteelNo   Company Logo                           ...
Company                                                            Crude SteelNo   Company Logo                          C...
Company                                                            Crude SteelNo   Company Logo                      Count...
Company                                                            Crude SteelNo   Company Logo                      Count...
Company                                                            Crude SteelNo   Company Logo                      Count...
APPARENT USE OF STEEL (in mmt est. 2009)         ASU - 2009         in mmt                                                ...
World per          capita          ConsumptionYear      in kg 2001              135.5 2002              142.7 2003        ...
Indias Population Growth                                                1400                                              ...
SECTORWISE COMPOSITION OF CONSUMPTION OF STEEL IN                                 INDIA       Sectorwise Consumption of   ...
EXPORT AND IMPORT TREND IN INDIA (IN ‘000 TONNES)Indias Export and Import of Finished Steel (in 000 tonnes)Year     2002-0...
ECONOMIC INDICES (All data as per CIA published Data Book)Countries by GDP (PPP) List by the International Monetary Fund (...
Per Capita Income World                                                                                                   ...
World    Ranking   Country                                                                                                ...
Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellularThis entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribe...
Country Comparison : Population growth rateThe average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (...
Country Comparison :: Life expectancy at birthThis entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of pe...
Country Comparison :: Education ExpendituresThis entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. W...
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World steel scenario2011 12

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World steel scenario2011 12

  1. 1. • Overview• Indian Economy Outlook• Production Pattern• Consumption pattern• Export• Indian production scenario• Economic parameters
  2. 2. Global Scenario & Indian Steel Industry• INTRODUCTION• BACKGROUND PERSPECTIVE• GROWTH OF INDIAN STEEL SECTOR• OUTLOOK FOR INDIAN ECONOMY• WORLD STEEL PRODUCTION (IN MT)• COUNTRY WISE STEEL PRODUCTION (2009)• THIRTY LARGEST STEEL COMPANIES OF THE WORLD• APPARENT USE OF STEEL (IN KG/PERSON/YEAR)• YEARWISE WORLD CONSUMPTION OF STEEL (IN KG/PERSON/YEAR)• CONSUMPTION OF STEEL IN INDIA (IN KG/PERSON/YEAR)• CONSUMPTION PATTERN OF STEEL IN INDIA (IN KG/PERSON/YEAR)• SECTORWISE COMPOSITION OF CONSUMPTION OF STEEL IN INDIA• EXPORT AND IMPORT TREND IN INDIA (IN ‘000 TONNES)• ECONOMIC INDICESKNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 2 
  3. 3. IntroductionThough Iron and steel have been used by men for almost 6000 years, yetthe modern form of iron and steel industry came into being only duringthe 19th century. The growth and development of iron and steel industryin the world until the Second World War was comparatively slower. Butthe industry has grown very rapidly after the Second World War. Worldproduction of steel, which was only 28.3 million tonnes (MT) in 1900, roseto 695 MT by 1992. The oil crisis of the seventies affected the entireeconomy of the world including the steel industry. The position startedimproving after 1983 and peaked at 780 MT in 1989. World Steelproduction is around 1322MT in 2007.Background PerspectiveThe history of Indian integrated Steel Plants dates back to 1907-08 whenthe Tatas set up a steel plant (TISCO) with an installed capacity of1,00,000 tonnes p.a. at Jamshedpur,. Marketing of Iron & Steel was thengoverned by the natural market forces of demand and supply. It was onlyin 1923 - 24 that the GOI initiated actions to protect Indian Steel industryfrom the stiff competition from imported steel. Rolling units started inlate 1920s and in 1946 there were32 registered units with a capacity of140,000 TPA . Shortage of bars / rods in late 50’s forced the Govt. toencourage the growth of re-rollers and by 1946, 431 registered unitscame into existence with a total capacity of 4.7 million tonnes. On the eveof independence India had three integrated Steel Plants viz... Tata Iron &Steel Company, Mysore Iron & Steel Works (MISW)and Indian Iron &Steel Company. The real boost to steel production in India began duringsecond to fourth five year plan when integrated steel plants under publicsector were set up (Durgapur,Rourkela & Bhilai) and for theirmanagement, Hindustan Steel Ltd. was formed. HSL Plants ( Rourkela ,Durgapur)came during 1960’s followed by Bokaro Steel Ltd which wasincorporated as a separate company in July,1964 and Rastriya IspatNigam Ltd ( Vishakapatnam Steel Plant) in 70’s.In 1973, SAIL came intoexistence amalgamating all the three ISPs of HSL and BSL. In duecourse, IISCO,MEL,,VISL(MISW) also came under SAIL as subsidiaries andsubsequently VISL & IISCO were merged with SAIL. With thecommencement of production in Rourkela and Bhilai in Feb,1959, salesunit s were setup at these plants and a commercial division was formedat HSL HQ at Ranchi to organize the sales of the company. In early 60’s ,the Export and By- product Division started functioning from Calcutta. Animportant development in Indian Steel Industry scenario was setting upof Joint Plant Committee(JPC) of the main producers under thechairmanship of Iron & Steel Controller w.e.f. 1st March, 1964 basedon the recommendations of RAJ committee.On 1st May, 1967, GOIdecided to effect complete control on Iron& Steel and place thedistribution and pricing of all categories of Iron & Steel under thejurisdiction of JPC. The system continued till April 1982.The prices of Iron& Steel were being fixed with the approval of GOI through JPC. During1970s and 1980s the marketing of materials produced by the mainproducers ( SAIL, TISCO, IISCO, RINL) continued to be governed by theprices and distribution guide lines issued by JPC. High import duties,acute shortage of foreign exchange, no objection certificate ( issued byIron & Steel controller) required for import , policy restricting privateKNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 3 
  4. 4. enterprises to invest in integrated plants or expand capabilities etcoffered a protected market for the main producers. Hence the marketingfunction was confined to distribution of Iron & Steel strictly in terms of theguidelines and prices laid down. This situation alienated the steelindustry from competitive forces.The economic reforms introduced in 1991totally transformed the steel sector. GOI realized the importance ofgrowth & development of steel industry and took the following steps : 1. In 1992, steel was removed from the list of industries reserved for public sector 2. SDF and levies on engineering goods export assistance funds were also removed. 3. Delicensing of steel industry and allowing private sector to set up steel plants. 4. Price and distribution decontrolled on main producers w.e.f. Jan 1992. 5. Significant reduction in customs duty 6. Changed in credit policy 7. New liberalized import / export policies.The above policy measures not only injected intense competition butalso ushered in an era of growth and development of Indian SteelIndustry which reflected in 18% average growth during 1994-95 and1995-96.During 1980s the integrated steel plants went for modernization.Post liberalization era added some more private players as secondary /Mini Steel producers viz... Essar Steel, Ispat , JVSNL, Bhusan etc.The year1996-97 witnessed a slow down in steel consumption which fell short by1.8 million tonnes as against projected 2.4 million tonnes which canmainly be attributed to low investment in infrastructure sector, slowprocurement of raw material by the govt. due to fund shortage and Lowergrowth in major steel intensive segment. The market was witnessingintense competition arising mainly out of availability exceeding demand.Greater availability of steel, low growth rate of economy than projected ,cheaper imports etc were putting tremendous pressure on the steelprices which has eroded the margins and has seriously affected thebottom lines of Indian Steel firms including SAIL. India is currentlyranked as the 7th largest steel producer in the world. This sector is one ofthe biggest revenue earners for Railways.Global ScenarioInternational steel sector is reflecting the global trends in businessenvironment. The early years of the 21st century have set the pattern forthe future. Asia has increased its share of production. Althoughconsumption of steel is likely to increase in most regions of the world inthe medium term, growth in industrialized nations is likely to be muchslower than the average growth in demand across the world. Developingcountries and the emerging economies are likely to have the fastest rateof growth in steel demand in the future.In the developed world, the EU is expected to experience stagnantdemand in the medium term, while the NAFTA block is likely to see lowpositive growth in consumption. In Japan, demand for steel has steadilydeclined in recent years due to restrictions on Government spending inconstruction projects as well as weak consumer demand. A modest growthKNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 4 
  5. 5. is anticipated in the manufacturing and building sectors as the economicperformance improves. However, the medium term projection is for areduction in overallsteel consumption in Japan. Amongst the developing economies, Chinarequires special mention. China’s apparent consumption of finished steelduring 1996 was 97 million tonnes, which amounted to around 15% ofworld finished steel consumption. However, by the year 2007, China’sconsumption figure reached a staggering 310 million tonnes, accountingfor around 30% of the total world finished steel consumption. China’ssteel consumption is still growing at a fast pace and as per IISI estimates;the figure may touch 650 million tonnes during 2008-09. The rapid rise inChinese steel consumption is attributed mainly to sterling economicgrowth and construction activity in the build-up for the 2008 Olympics aswell as the trade exposition planned in 2010. According to a preliminarymedium term forecast by the IISI, finished steel consumption in the worldis expected to cross a billion tonnes by 2008. However, despite the growthin consumption there are apprehensions of excess production ascompared to global demand. As per the estimates by the WSD, worldcrude steel production, stands today more than 1 billion tonnes a year andis expected to cross 1.130 billion tonnes by 2010. As the trend in theworld is towards producing low cost steel by using more environmentalfriendly means, steel producers worldwide are adopting new technologieslike Corex and Compact Strip Casting, adopting alternate routes likeElectric Arc Furnace instead of the traditional Blast Furnace-Basic OxygenFurnace route, as well as importing raw materials like coke.Growth of Indian Steel SectorIndia is amongst the cheapest producers of hot metal in the world. Thecost advantage mainly arises from the abundant availability of cheap andgood quality iron ore. Besides, overall manpower cost is also low.However, these advantages are nullified to some extent due to low labourproductivity, high energy & power costs and high finance charges. Theexpansion plans of steel majors are likely to put tremendous pressure onthe availability of inputs and infrastructure resources within the country.The nation is endowed with large iron ore reserves, but their developmentand exploitation would require huge resources. Besides, the effects on theenvironment where virgin areas are being exploited needs to beaddressed. Availability of coking coal is expected to remain a seriousconstraint. Coking coal supplies from public sector coal companies havebeen declining over the years, leading to higher imports. Traditionalcoking coal and coke suppliers such as China have also curtailed exportsin order to feed their expanding iron & steel industry. The steel industryneeds to remain competitive by improving efficiency across the entirevalue chain in an integrated manner. Hence, logistics would be animportant area of concern for the steel industry. This involvesdevelopment of ports, smoother transportation to and from ports,rationalization of inland freight charges as well as better road movementfacilities. During the early 90s, the Sponge Iron industry was especiallypromoted to provide an alternative material to steel melting scrap, whichat that time was increasingly becoming scarce. Since then India hasemerged as one of the largest producers of Sponge Iron. This providesgood opportunities to steel industry as a substitute of scrap. Consideringthe erratic power supply position in the country as well as high powerKNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 5 
  6. 6. tariffs, rising scrap prices and plentiful indigenous iron ore reserves wouldmean that the most suitable steel making technology for India would bethe integrated route.Outlook for Indian EconomyAfter witnessing rapid strides during the years after the liberalizationprocess was set in motion, India’s GDP grew at an average rate of 5.2 %during the period 1998-99 to 2002-03. However, there was a break fromthe trend in 2003-04, during which the economy is estimated to havegrown at more than 8 %. The economy is expected to continue on a highgrowth path with continued macroeconomic stability. Over the years therehas been a downward trend in interest rates accompanied by moderateinflation and adequate liquidity in the economy. Infrastructuredevelopment has been a focus area for the Govt. in recent years. In theroad and highway network, India is witnessing development of multiple-lane, safe and well designed inter state highways. Recently the Govt. hasannounced a planned outlay for the rural road and highway networkdevelopment.The Golden Quadrilateral Project is an ambitious project that wouldconnect the four major metros via state of the art highways. The East-West and North-South corridors would link up the remotest parts of thecountry. The Govt. is also planning to facilitate investments in sea-portsand airports in a major way. Concessions in the form of tax rebates etc. toboost investment in the housing sector, as well as falling interest rateshave made available cheap home finance loans and have given a thrust tothe housing sector. A rise in depreciation rates for vehicles, excise dutyreduction and low interest rates has given a major boost to theautomobile sector. From a negative production growth rate of 2% during2000-01, the automobile sector has recorded a growth of 18% during2002-03 and 15% during 2003-04. The capital Goods sector which hadshown a declining trend from the year 1998-99, came back stronglyduring 2002-03, growing at the rate of 10.6%. The strong growth of thecapital goods sector has continued in 2003-04. Given the strongfundamentals and stability in key macro economic aggregates, theaverage GDP growth during the year 2004- 05 to 2007-08 is about 8%.KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 6 
  7. 7. WORLD STEEL PRODUCTION (IN MT)World SteelProdn ProdnYear (in MT)2001 850.32002 903.92003 969.72004 1068.72005 1146.22006 12502007 13512008 13272009 1220 COUNRTYWISE WORLD STEEL PRODUCTION (IN MT) Rank Country/Region 2007 2008 2009 — World 1,351.3 1326.5 1,219.7 — European Union 209.7 198.0 139.1 1 Peoples Republic of China 494.9 500.5 567.8 2 Japan 120.2 118.7 87.5 3 Russia 72.4 68.5 59.9 4 United States 98.1 91.4 58.1 5 India 53.1 55.2 56.6 6 South Korea 51.5 53.6 48.6 7 Germany 48.6 45.8 32.7 8 Ukraine 42.8 37.1 29.8 KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 7 
  8. 8. Rank Country/Region 2007 2008 20099 Brazil 33.8 33.7 26.510 Turkey 25.8 26.8 25.311 Italy 31.6 30.6 19.712 Taiwan 20.9 19.9 15.713 Spain 19.0 18.6 14.314 Mexico 17.6 17.2 14.215 France 19.3 17.9 12.816 Iran 10.1 10.0 10.917 United Kingdom 14.3 13.5 10.118 Canada 15.6 14.8 9.019 South Africa 9.1 8.3 7.520 Poland 10.6 9.7 7.221 Malaysia 6.9 6.4 6.022 Austria 7.6 7.6 5.723 Belgium 10.7 10.7 5.624 Egypt 6.2 6.2 5.525 Australia 7.9 7.6 5.226 Netherlands 7.4 6.8 5.2KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 8 
  9. 9. Rank Country/Region 2007 2008 200927 Thailand 5.6 5.2 5.028 Saudi Arabia 4.6 4.7 4.729 Czech Republic 7.1 6.4 4.630 Kazakhstan 4.8 4.3 4.131 Argentina 5.4 5.5 4.032 Venezuela 5.0 4.2 3.833 Slovakia 5.1 4.5 3.734 Indonesia 4.2 3.9 3.535 Finland 4.4 4.4 3.136 Sweden 5.7 5.2 2.837 Romania 6.3 5.0 2.738 Belarus 2.4 2.6 2.439 Luxembourg 2.9 2.6 2.240 Greece 2.6 2.5 2.1— Others 29.8 28.3 23.3 (est.) (est.) (est.)KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 9 
  10. 10. COUNTRY WISE STEEL PRODUCTION (2009) 2009Country in MT %ageChina 567.8 46.5Japan 87.5 7.2USA 58.2 4.8Russia 60 4.9India 62.8 5.1Skorea 48.6 4.0Germany 32.7 2.7Ukraine 29.9 2.5Brazil 26.5 2.2Turkey 25.3 2.1Others 220.5 18.1   Top 30 largest steel­producing companies in the world  (according to the World Steel Association)  Company Crude SteelNo Company Logo Country Company Picture Name Output (MT)1 ArcelorMittal Luxembourg 103,300,0002 Nippon Steel 37,500,000 Japan3 Baosteel 35,400,000 China KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 10 
  11. 11. Company Crude SteelNo Company Logo Country Company Picture Name Output (MT)4 Posco 34,700,000 South Korea Hebei Iron &5 33,300,000 Steel Group China6 JFE Holdings Japan 33,000,000 Wuhan Iron & Steel7 27,700,000 Group China (Wisco)8 Tata Steel 24,400,000 India Jiangsu9 Shagang 23,300,000 Group China KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 11 
  12. 12. Company Crude SteelNo Company Logo Country Company Picture Name Output (MT)10 U.S. Steel 23,200,000 USA Shandong11 Iron & Steel 21,800,000 Group China12 Nucor 20,500,000 USA13 Gerdau 20,400,000 Brazil14 Severstal 19,200,000 Russia15 Evraz Group 17,700,000 Russia KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 12 
  13. 13. Company Crude SteelNo Company Logo Country Company Picture Name Output (MT)16 Gruppo Riva 16,900,000 Italy Anshan Iron17 & Steel 16,000,000 Group China18 Thyssenkrupp 15,900,000 Germany Maanshan19 Iron & Steel China 15,000,000 Company Sumitomo20 Metal 14,100,000 Industries Japan Steel21 Authority Of 13,700,000 India (SAIL) India KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 13 
  14. 14. Company Crude SteelNo Company Logo Country Company Picture Name Output (MT) Shougang22 12,200,000 Group China Magnitogorsk Iron And23 12,000,000 Steel Works Russia (MMK) Novolipetsk24 Steel 11,300,000 (NLMK) Russia Hunan Valin25 11,200,000 Steel Group China China Steel26 11,000,000 Corporation Taiwan Techint27 10,400,000 (Tenaris) Luxembourg KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 14 
  15. 15. Company Crude SteelNo Company Logo Country Company Picture Name Output (MT) Iranian Mines & Mining28 10,000,000 Industries Iran (IMIDRO) Industrial Union of29 9,900,000 Donbass Ukraine (ISD) Hyundai30 9,800,000 Steel (HSC) South Korea KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 15 
  16. 16. APPARENT USE OF STEEL (in mmt est. 2009) ASU - 2009 in mmt Apparent Use of steel (ASU) in mmtCountry Cons Regions 2008 2009Skorea 49.5 EU (27) 181.5 129.2Japan 60.8 Other Europe 28.9 21.5Canada 11.6 CIS 50 38.4EU 129.2 NAFTA 129.7 88China 404.4 Central and South America 43.6 37.6USA 61.8 Africa 25.3 25.2Middle East 39.8 Middle East 42.8 39 Asia and Oceania 693.8 637.4Russia 27.5 World 1,197.40 1,018.60WORLD 1018.62 BRIC 537.6 505.9India 53.5 World (excl. BRIC) 659.8 512.7Africa 26.1 World (excl. China) 771.8 614.2 Top Coking Coal Exporters (2009) Australia 125Mt USA 34Mt Indonesia 30Mt Canada 21Mt Russia 11Mt Poland 2Mt Major Coking Coal Importers (2009) Japan 52Mt Germany 6Mt PR China 35Mt United Kingdom 5Mt India 23Mt France 4Mt South Korea 21Mt Chinese Tapei 3Mt YEARWISE WORLD CONSUMPTION OF STEEL (in kg/person/year) KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 16 
  17. 17. World per capita ConsumptionYear in kg 2001 135.5 2002 142.7 2003 148.4 2004 162.1 2005 170.7 2006 184.1 2007 195.1 2008 196.4 2009 179.5 COUNTRYWISE CONSUMPTION OF STEEL IN 2009 (in kg/person/year) Per capita Consu mptionCountry  in kg South Korea  936  Chinese Taipei  491  Japan  419  PR China  405  Germany  345  USA  187  Russia  176  Brazil  93  India  48  World  179  CONSUMPTION OF STEEL IN INDIA (in kg/person/year) per capita Year Cons. in kg 2001 26.8 2002 28.4 2003 30.1 2004 31.6 2005 35.2 2006 39.6 2007 43.4 2008 47.3 2009 47.1 KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 17 
  18. 18. Indias Population Growth 1400 1200 1000 Population (in m illions) ---> 800 600 400 200 0 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Total 1010 1093 1175 1256 1331 Under 15 361 368 370 372 373 15 to 64 604 673 747 819 882 Sr. Citizen 45 51 58 65 76 Year ---> CONSUMPTION PATTERN OF STEEL IN INDIA (in kg/person/year) National Steel Consumption Pattern 300 nationalYear Rural Urban average2005 2.1 77 33 250 Consumption of Steel (in kg/person/year) --->2008 2.9 112 482012 4.36 168 105 2002020 7.4 284 155 150 100 50 0 2005 2008 2012 2020 Year ---> Rural Urban national average KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 18 
  19. 19. SECTORWISE COMPOSITION OF CONSUMPTION OF STEEL IN INDIA Sectorwise Consumption of Finished Steel 2009-10 Industry Wise Consumption Sector %age (in MT) 2009-10 Construction & Industry Cons Infrastructure 59 Automobile 6.5 Manufacturing 13 Construction 23.5 Automobile 11 House Hold Appliances 2.4 Others 17 Manufacturing 7.1 Railways 3.2 Other manufacturing 3.9 Other secondary and end users 12.2 RINL Company 2009 4.6% (Installed (%) SAIL capacity) 20.4% SAIL 20.4 RINL 4.6Secondary Secondary 37.8producers Producers 37.8% other Others 37.2 Integrated main TOTAL 100.0 producers 37.2% KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 19 
  20. 20. EXPORT AND IMPORT TREND IN INDIA (IN ‘000 TONNES)Indias Export and Import of Finished Steel (in 000 tonnes)Year 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10Export 4942.6 5922 4381 4478 4750 4627 3482 3242Import 1945 1760 2109 3850 4436 6581 5149 7302Net 2997.6 4162 2272 628 314 -1954 -1667 -4060 PRODUCTION OF FINISHED STEEL IN INDIA (IN ‘000 TONNES) Total Main Secondary Year SAIL TATA Steel RINL Total Producers Producers 2001-02 7594 3070 2365 13029 17595 30624 2002-03 8311 3377 2652 14340 19285 33625 2003-04 8835 3529 2782 15146 21770 36916 2004-05 9165 3505 2886 15556 24444 40000 2005-06 9352 3847 2981 16180 28333 44513 2006-07 9850 4423 3042 17315 32815 50130 2007-08 10254 4472 2899 17625 35000 52625 2008-09 9811 4535 2248 16594 43158 59752 2009-10 9697 5011 2583 17291 44690 61981 KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 20 
  21. 21. ECONOMIC INDICES (All data as per CIA published Data Book)Countries by GDP (PPP) List by the International Monetary Fund (2009) [1]Rank Country GDP (PPP) $M— World 70,040,547— European Union 14,772,5421 United States 14,256,2752 Peoples Republic of China 9,046,9903 Japan 4,159,4324 India 3,526,1245 Germany 2,806,2666 United Kingdom 2,139,4007 Russia 2,109,5518 France 2,108,2289 Brazil 2,013,18610 Italy 1,740,123KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 21 
  22. 22. Per Capita Income World PCI ( in US Ranking Country $) Ref. Year 1 Liechtenstein   $ 122,100 2007 est. 2 Qatar   $ 121,000 2009 est. 7 Singapore   $ 53,900 2009 est. 8 Kuwait   $ 51,200 2009 est. 9 Brunei   $ 49,900 2009 est. 11 United States   $ 46,000 2009 est. 17 Switzerland   $ 41,200 2009 est. 19 Australia   $ 39,900 2009 est. 35 Germany   $ 34,200 2009 est. 36 United Kingdom   $ 34,200 2009 est. 39 Japan   $ 32,600 2009 est. 40 France   $ 32,500 2009 est. 42 European Union   $ 31,900 2009 est. 49 Korea, South   $ 28,100 2009 est. 73 Russia   $ 15,100 2009 est. 103 World   $ 10,400 2009 est. 109 Brazil   $ 10,100 2009 est. 130 China   $ 6,700 2009 est. 153 Sri Lanka   $ 4,500 2009 est. 165 India   $ 3,200 2009 est. 178 Pakistan   $ 2,400 2009 est. Cumulative total of all government borrowings(less repayments that are denominated in a countrys home currency. Public debtshould not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currencyliabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreignexchange earnings) World Ranking Country Public debt Ref. Year 1 Zimbabwe   282.6 2009 est. 2 Japan   192.9 2009 est. 6 Italy   115.8 2009 est. 9 Singapore   110 2009 est. 12 Sri Lanka   85.8 2009 est. 14 Canada   82.5 2009 est. 18 France   77.6 2009 est. 20 Germany   73.2 2009 est. 22 United Kingdom   68.2 2009 est. 31 Brazil   59.5 2009 est.KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 22 
  23. 23. World Ranking Country Public debt Ref. Year 34 Bhutan   57.8 2009 35 India   57.3 2009 est. 39 World   56 2009 est. 41 United States   53.5 2009 est. 42 Malaysia   53.3 2009 est. 47 Pakistan   49.3 2009 est. United Arab  48 Emirates   48.9 2009 est. 49 Argentina   48.6 2009 est. 50 Tunisia   47.1 2009 est..Country Comparison :: Unemployment rateThis entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. World Ranking Country UE rate Ref. Year 1 Monaco 0 2005   4 Belarus 1 2009 est.  5 Uzbekistan 1.1 2009 est.   7 Thailand 1.5 2009 est.   9 Cuba   1.7 2009 est. 22 Singapore 3 2009 est.   32 Switzerland 3.7 2010 est.   34 Korea, South 3.7 2009 est.   36 Bhutan 4 2009   39 China   4.3 Sep. 09 est. 40 Denmark 4.3 2009 est.   46 Bangladesh 5.1 2009 est.   47 Japan   5.1 2009 est. 51 Australia 5.6 2009 est.   54 Sri Lanka 5.9 2009 est.   72 Germany 7.5 2009 est.   75 United Kingdom 7.6 2009 est.   89 Brazil   8.1 2009 est. 92 Indonesia 8.1 2009 est.   95 Canada 8.3 2009 est.  96 Sweden 8.3 2009 est.   97 Russia 8.4   2009 est. 101 World 8.7   2009 est. 104 European Union 9 2009 est.   107 France 9.1   2009 est. 110 United States 9.3 2009 est.   124 India   10.7 2009 est.KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 23 
  24. 24. Country Comparison :: Telephones - mobile cellularThis entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers. World Ranking Country MC users Ref. Year 1  China   74,70,00,000 2009 2 India   67,00,00,000 2010 3 United States   27,00,00,000 2008 4 Russia   18,75,00,000 2008 5 Brazil   17,39,59,000 2009 6 Indonesia   15,92,48,000 2009 7 Japan   11,49,17,000 2009 8 Germany   10,50,00,000 2009 9 Pakistan   10,30,00,000 2009 10 Italy   9,06,13,000 2009 12 United Kingdom   7,55,65,000 2008Country Comparison :: Internet usersThis entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statisticsvary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at leastseveral times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. World Ranking Country MC users Ref. Year 1  China   29,80,00,000 2008 2 United States   23,10,00,000 2008 3 Japan   9,09,10,000 2008 4 India   8,10,00,000 2008 5 Brazil   6,49,48,000 2008 6 Germany   6,19,73,000 2008 United  7 Kingdom   4,87,55,000 2008 8 Russia   4,52,50,000 2008 9 France   4,29,12,000 2008 10 Korea, South   3,74,76,000   KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 24 
  25. 25. Country Comparison : Population growth rateThe average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit)of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The ratemay be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great aburden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people forinfrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water,electricity), and jobs. World Ranking Country Pop. Gr. Rate Ref. Year 2 Uganda 3.56   2010 est. 4 United Arab Emirates 3.56 2010 est.   7 Ethiopia 3.2   2010 est. 77 Pakistan 1.59   2010 est. 79 Bangladesh 1.55 2010 est.   89 India   1.38 2010 est. 107 Australia 1.17   2010 est. 108 Brazil   1.17 2010 est. 121 United States 0.97 2010 est.   132 Sri Lanka 0.86 2010 est.   151 United Kingdom 0.56 2010 est.   152 France   0.53 2010 est. 153 China   0.49 2010 est. 180 Switzerland 0.22 2010 est.   205 Germany -0.06 2010 est.   215 Japan   -0.24 2010 est. 222 Russia   -0.47 2010 est.KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 25 
  26. 26. Country Comparison :: Life expectancy at birthThis entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born inthe same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includestotal population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth isalso a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at allages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in humancapital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. World Ranking Country LE at birth Ref. Year 5 Japan   82.17 2010 est. 9 Australia   81.72 2010 est. 12 France   81.09 2010 est. 15 Switzerland   80.97 2010 est. 28 United Kingdom   79.92 2010 est. 36 Germany   79.41 2010 est. 41 European Union   78.82 2010 est. 42 Korea, South   78.81 2010 est. 49 United States   78.24 2010 est. 94 China   74.51 2010 est. 124 Brazil   72.26 2010 est. 149 Bangladesh   69.44 2010 est. 160 India  66.46 2010 est. 161 Russia   66.16 2010 est. 162 World   66.12 2009 est. 166 Pakistan   65.63 2010 est.KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 26 
  27. 27. Country Comparison :: Education ExpendituresThis entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. World Ranking Country % of GDP Ref. Year 2 Cuba   13.6 2008 12 Denmark 7.9 2006   28 Sweden 6.7 2007   42 France 5.6   2006 43 United Kingdom 5.6 2007   46 United States 5.5 2007   53 Switzerland 5.3 2007   61 Brazil   5.2 2007 63 Bhutan 5.1 2008   83 Australia 4.7 2007   92 Germany 4.4 2006   109 Russia 3.9   2006 116 Nepal 3.8   2008 126 Japan   3.7 2007 142 India   3.2 2006 144 Singapore 3.2 2009   153 Pakistan 2.9 2008   163 Bangladesh 2.4 2008  Country Comparison :: Military expendituresThis entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as apercent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange ratebasis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). World Ranking Country % of GDP Ref. Year 4 Iraq   8.6 2006 6 Israel 7.3   2006 23 China 4.3 2006   25 United States 4.06 2005 est.   27 Russia 3.9 2005   43 Australia 3 2009   46 Pakistan 3 2007 est.   55 Sri Lanka 2.6 2006   57 France 2.6 2005 est.   62 India 2.5   2006 63 United Kingdom 2.4 2005 est.   71 World 2 2005 est.   88 Brazil 1.7   2009 101 Germany 1.5 2005 est.  KNOW YOUR ORGANISATION VERSION III JANUARY 2011  Page 27 

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