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Industrial towns in India


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Industrial towns in India

  1. 1. Industrial towns in India S.Prabhakar M.Plan – sem II
  2. 2. What is an industry…? • The companies and activities involved in something that is produced or is available in large quantities ( ex: ore and minerals )
  3. 3. What is an industrial town…? • An industrial town is a city where the economic system is based on the industry, such as a mining town. • An area where workers of a monolithic heavy industry live within walking-distance of their places of work.
  4. 4. Industrialization in India •  In 1750, India produced nearly 25 % of the world's manufacturing output. • Coal mining was a profitable business during British colonial times. • 19th century, textile industry. • 1870, Bengal Iron Works. • Tata Steel in 1907. • 20th century, automobile industry.
  5. 5. Case studies • Mining Industry - Neyveli • Textile Industry - Thirupur • Steel Industry - Jhamshedpur • Automobile Industry - Mahendra city
  6. 6. NEYVELI • The Neyveli Township was developed after mining of lignite started under the Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) in 1956. • Neyveli Town is located at an average elevation of 87 metres. • The Neyveli Township was developed after mining of lignite started under the Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) .
  7. 7. STRUCTURE OF NEYVELI TOWN • The Township of Neyveli is one of the modern, well-planned townships in India. • The residential area of the township alone extends over 50 square Kms. • There are 32 blocks in total (1000 m by 700 m in size ) • The housing quarters are around 15,000 in number with varying building types.
  8. 8. INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES • Round-the-clock, water and electricity facilities. • It also uses well-maintained, underground sanitation system, unlike some of the other cities in Tamil Nadu. • General Hospital at Block-6 and several dispensaries at various other places. • It was well facilitated with adequate educational institutions.
  9. 9. • There are three big parks in the township area - 'Golden Jubilee Park' , 'Nehru Park' and the 'Navratra Park’. • The Lignite City Club.
  10. 10. Transportation facility •Transport inside the township is managed by the Bus Services, again a department under NLC. •Bounded by two major national highways NH-45c and NH-532. •Neyveli has a railway station which lies on the Cuddalore-Salem railway line.
  11. 11. THIRUPUR • Tirupur popularly known as “Banian City”. • It is started as a cluster of small and medium manufacturing enterprises gainfully engaged in the production and export of a range of knitted apparels. • Mr. Gulam Kadar in 1937 established “Baby Knitting Industries” in Kaderpet area of Tirupur followed by a woman, Mrs Chellammal, in the name of Chellemmal Knitting.
  12. 12. REASON TO BECOME AN INDUSTRIAL TOWN • Since agriculture was not flourishing due to poor rainfall, the industry served as an alternative source of employment. • The town lies roughly in the middle of a cotton belt. • Tirupur has long been a thriving centre for the sale and processing of raw cotton and has for many years had a large exchange and market for cotton.
  13. 13. • The ready local availability of this raw material has helped to facilitate the development of the knitwear industy in Tirupur.
  14. 14. STRUCTURE OF TIRUPUR TOWN • The city is mainly points of trade. • Production is spread in rural and small-town clusters around these cores, and closely connected to them. • The expansion of sub-contracting and the inflow of capital from agriculture helped the industry to grow rapidly. • In Tirupur its organization in house hold workshops started mostly by owned funds of enterprising individuals.
  15. 15. INFRASTRUCTURE • National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) has established its centre to provide training in the area of fashion, design skills etc. • Developmental financial institutions like SIDBI also operate from this town to facilitate industrial activities. • The Apparel Export Promotion Council (AEPC) has a full- fledged office in Tirupur.
  17. 17. Jhamshedpur • Jamshedpur is the first planned industrial city of India. • It is the largest and the most populous Urban Agglomeration in the Indian state of Jharkhand. • It is one of the Global Compact Cities. • Jamshedpur is the only million plus city in India without a municipal corporation.
  18. 18. REASON TO BECOME AN INDUSTRIAL TOWN • It is rich in iron ore, coal, manganese bauxite and lime. • The identification of Sakchi in 1907 as the ideal site for the steel plant was just the beginning of a long journey of transformation. • Jamshedpur is located at the confluence of Kharkai and Subarnarekha Rivers. • Several lakes of varying size are also located near the fringes of the city.
  20. 20. INFRASTRUCTURE • The National Metallurgical Laboratory is located here. • Dimna Lake is an artificial reservoir and one of the main sources for the city's drinking water. • Jamshedpur has a reputation as the sports capital of Jharkhand with lot of sports academy and complexes. • Jubilee park which was a gift by Tata Steel to the citizens of Jamshedpur on the completion of its 50 years.
  21. 21. TRANSPORTATION • The city is well connected via rail and road services. • Tatanagar Junction is a railway junction is the important railway junction. • NH32, NH33, 4 lane Expressway (Adityapur- Kandra Road) connects Jamshedpur to Barbil. • Sonari Airport is a tiny airport serving the city at present.
  22. 22. MAHENDRA WORLD CITY • Mahindra World City was set up in the year 2002 in Chennai. • It presently has over 62 global companies and 33,000 employees. • Mahindra World City, Chennai is the first functional Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in India.
  23. 23. STRUCTURE OF MAHENDRA CITY • The layout of the city is broken up in to Zones by the utility of the land. • There are 3 sector-specific Special Economic Zones  IT (Services and Manufacturing)  Auto Ancillaries and Apparel and Fashion Accessories, a Domestic Tariff Area.  Residential / Social zone.
  24. 24. INFRASTRUCTURE AND TRANSPORTATION • It is facilitated with all the basic infra structure. • Situated on the NH 45, Mahindra World City is located 50 km from Chennai city. • Paranur railway station is a public private partnership initiative between Mahindra World City and Southern Railways. • Since it is nearer to chennai it enjoys all the benefits of chennai.
  26. 26. CONCLUSION What ever may be the advantage, and however benefited the community who forgotten their roots may not rise up.
  27. 27. Thank you