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Presentation on Sun Shading
Devices
Presenters:
Binisha Gurung
Nishu Shrestha
Prabal Dahal
Rojina Nakarmi
Suchitra Bhatta
Introduction
 Sun Shading Devices are any
mechanical equipment or textiles that
are used either internally or externally
...
Need of Sun Shading Devices
 To reduce the heat gains during summer,
reduce the cooling loads and therefore
minimize ener...
Types of Sun Shading
Devices
On the basis of their position in a
building:-
 Internal
 External
 Interpane
Internal Sun Shading Devices
 Limit the glare resulting from solar
radiation.
 Usually are adjustable and allow
occupant...
Curtains: It is the most commonly used shading
device, mostly used on residential buildings. It is
cheaper in comparison a...
Venetian blind: Venetian blinds are basic slatted
blinds made of metal or plastic, wood or bamboo can
also be used. Suspen...
Vertical Louvre blinds: Suitable for many
applications in commercial and public buildings where
the control of heat, light...
Roller blinds: Roller blinds are usually stiffened
polyester, mounted on a metal pole and operated with
a side chain or sp...
Pleated Blinds: Pleated blinds are shades made
from a pleated fabric (which helps to add texture to a
room) that pull up t...
Blackout binds: Blackout blinds stop light from
passing through thanks to special treatments and
extra tight woven fabrics...
External Sun Shading
Devices
 Considered better than internal
 Horizontal, Vertical or inclined
projections
 Vegetation...
Horizontal Devices: to shade a window during
hot summer months, but to allow sunlight to shine
through a window in the win...
Vertical Devices: Primarily useful for east and
west exposures to improve the insulation value of
glass in winter months b...
The egg-crate: A combination of vertical and
horizontal shading elements commonly used in hot
climate regions because of t...
Shading from External
Environment
Shade from
buildings
Designing a Shading Device
 Select Shading Type
 Identify Design Dimensions
 Identify Category
Select Shading Type
Orientation Suggested Shading Type
North fixed or adjustable shading placed horizontally above window
...
Sun paths
Our device should be such that:
 i. It reduces glare.
 ii. It reduces cooling load.
 iii. It allows us to see the view ...
Identify Design Dimension
Shading type: Horizontal Overhang
Shading category: fixed
Design dimensions: Relationship betwee...
Example of a calculation:
Identify Category
 Fixed
 Adjustable
 Movable
 Dynamic
 Manual
 Automatic
Importance and Advantages of
Sun Shading Devices
 Maintain a comfortable indoor temperature.
 Shading is a simple method...
Disadvantages of Sun Shading
Devices
 Difficulties can be experienced in handling the internal
shading devices like curta...
National Case Studies
Trees used as Sun Shading Device for the East
face of a commercial building in Durbarmarg.
We can al...
In the same building, on the top, a restaurant is using a space
created by interesting sun shading devices.
In Lainchaur, Malla Hotel, Horizontal sun shading device is used
in the north facade of the building. The windows are also...
In Jyoti Bhawan, Kantipath, Jamal, vertical external sun shading
devices have been used on the East Facade.
On the way to Jyatha from
Jamal, a hotel is using
eggcrate device on the
western facade.
On the Eastern facade (receiving maximum amount of Sunlight
throughout the day) of Suraj Arcade, Kathmandu Durbar Square a...
Horizontal in North Face (receiving les
sunlight) of a commercial building in
Makhan Tole.
Eggcrate type device in Jamal. ...
Formal National Case Study I
 Name of the building: Janak Nath Memorial
School, previously Kanya School.
 Location: Lain...
Effectiveness: The Eggcrate system has been used
not only around the window openings, but also on
walls. The shading devic...
The internal view of a
classroom in third floor.
Students feel comfortable
both in summer and
winter as per the
informatio...
Formal National Case Study II
 Name of the building: Kathmandu Durbar
Square Cafe, previously shops and
storage.
 Locati...
Effectiveness: On the ground floor, there are glass panes
windows where stickers have been used. Stickers are serving
the ...
Internal shades, stickers used behind the
cash counter. Serving both as shading and
privacy creating device.
Space of the first floor. Little or no
use of sun shading device in today's
context
Secondary National Case
Study
 Name of the building: Mahendra Bhawan
School Administrative block when used by
Kathmandu A...
Lounge and teacher's lounge.
Preventing glare and creating a sense of
privacy in the north window of computer
room
Blinds on the first floor in a winter morning. In summer, the
desks nearby the windows are generally left vacant due to
he...
International Case Studies
 Formal International Case Study I:
 Name of the Building: National Library,
Singapore
 Loca...
 Hot humid climate
 Widest shading device (1.8m)
 Made of light metallic material similar to wings
of aircraft
 Orient...
Formal International Case
Study II:
 Name of the Building: SUR YAPI
OFFICES
 Location: Istanbul, Turkey
 Date: July, 20...
 The building is oriented to maximize the
generous south light, while dramatic,
faceted louvers act as a solar shading
de...
Interior space
Secondary International Case
Study
 Name of Building: Ebril Metro Station
 Location: Ebril, Iraq
 Date: Under construct...
Recommendations:
 When deciding which devices to use and where
to use them, the designer must consider a whole
range of i...
Conclusion
 The team found out that there are various
types of shading devices used in Nepal and
in international buildin...
Hübe, Helena Bülow. "ESTIMATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF SUNSHADES
USING OUTDOOR MEASUREMENTS AND THE SOFTWARE TOOL PARASOL V...
THANK YOU
Sun Shading Devices
Sun Shading Devices
Sun Shading Devices
Sun Shading Devices
Sun Shading Devices
Sun Shading Devices
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Presentation on uses, types, importance and examples of sun shading devices. Presented by Students of Bachelors of Architecture at Kathmandu Engineering College in Building Science I class . Course Lecturer: Ar. Pranita Sharma Pandey

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Sun Shading Devices

  1. 1. Presentation on Sun Shading Devices Presenters: Binisha Gurung Nishu Shrestha Prabal Dahal Rojina Nakarmi Suchitra Bhatta
  2. 2. Introduction  Sun Shading Devices are any mechanical equipment or textiles that are used either internally or externally or in between the internal and the external building space.  The primary objective of creating a comfortable internal environment, that is, cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
  3. 3. Need of Sun Shading Devices  To reduce the heat gains during summer, reduce the cooling loads and therefore minimize energy costs.  Sun Shading Devices improve internal environment in order to provide greater comfort for occupants.  Likewise, internal sun shading devices like curtains help to beautify internal space and create a sense of privacy.  Therefore, it is highly essential for the architects and engineers to incorporate these shading techniques.
  4. 4. Types of Sun Shading Devices On the basis of their position in a building:-  Internal  External  Interpane
  5. 5. Internal Sun Shading Devices  Limit the glare resulting from solar radiation.  Usually are adjustable and allow occupants to regulate the amount of direct light entering their space.  Most commonly these shading devices take the form of horizontal or vertical blinds attached above windows.  Internal shading devices should be made or designed to be durable.
  6. 6. Curtains: It is the most commonly used shading device, mostly used on residential buildings. It is cheaper in comparison and can be found in various varieties, colours and texture. A curtain also acts as a decorative item.
  7. 7. Venetian blind: Venetian blinds are basic slatted blinds made of metal or plastic, wood or bamboo can also be used. Suspended by a strip of cloth called tapes, all slats in unison can be rotated through nearly 180 degrees. Slat width can be between 16 and 120 mm, with 25 mm being a common width
  8. 8. Vertical Louvre blinds: Suitable for many applications in commercial and public buildings where the control of heat, light and glare are of concern. It can be used in larger windows and doors too.
  9. 9. Roller blinds: Roller blinds are usually stiffened polyester, mounted on a metal pole and operated with a side chain or spring mechanism. Roller Blinds are a practical blind for everyday use, Block Outs, Sun Screens and Translucent with a metal or plastic chain available, that operates the blind through an aluminum tube to roll up and down.
  10. 10. Pleated Blinds: Pleated blinds are shades made from a pleated fabric (which helps to add texture to a room) that pull up to sit flat at the top of a window to hide from sight when open.
  11. 11. Blackout binds: Blackout blinds stop light from passing through thanks to special treatments and extra tight woven fabrics to help control the light levels in a room. It is designed to block the external lights to enter the room.
  12. 12. External Sun Shading Devices  Considered better than internal  Horizontal, Vertical or inclined projections  Vegetation and other buildings
  13. 13. Horizontal Devices: to shade a window during hot summer months, but to allow sunlight to shine through a window in the winter, to help warm a building.
  14. 14. Vertical Devices: Primarily useful for east and west exposures to improve the insulation value of glass in winter months by acting as a windbreak. Slanted Vertical Fin Vertical Fins
  15. 15. The egg-crate: A combination of vertical and horizontal shading elements commonly used in hot climate regions because of their high shading efficiencies. The horizontal elements control ground glare from reflected solar rays. The device works well on walls
  16. 16. Shading from External Environment Shade from buildings
  17. 17. Designing a Shading Device  Select Shading Type  Identify Design Dimensions  Identify Category
  18. 18. Select Shading Type Orientation Suggested Shading Type North fixed or adjustable shading placed horizontally above window East and West adjustable vertical screens outside window NE and NW adjustable shading SE and SW planting Climatic zones Requirements Hot and dry Complete one year round shading Warm and humid Complete year round shading , but design should be made such that ventilation is not affected Temperature Complete year round shading but only during major sunshine hours Cold and cloudy No shading Cold and sunny Shading during summer months only Composite Shading during summer months only
  19. 19. Sun paths
  20. 20. Our device should be such that:  i. It reduces glare.  ii. It reduces cooling load.  iii. It allows us to see the view that we like to watch.  iv. For doing presentations, complete shut off of lights is possible.  v. There is limited reduction daylight.
  21. 21. Identify Design Dimension Shading type: Horizontal Overhang Shading category: fixed Design dimensions: Relationship between the overhang Depth (L) and the opening height (H). L=H L=3H/4 L=H/2 L=H/3 L=H/4 Shading type: Vertical Overhang Shading category: fixed Design Dimensions: Relationship between the overhang Depth (L) and the opening width (d). L=d L=3d/4 L=d/2
  22. 22. Example of a calculation:
  23. 23. Identify Category  Fixed  Adjustable  Movable  Dynamic  Manual  Automatic
  24. 24. Importance and Advantages of Sun Shading Devices  Maintain a comfortable indoor temperature.  Shading is a simple method to block the sun before it can get into the building.  Shading minimizes the incident solar radiation and cool the building effectively and hence dramatically affect building energy performance.  Reduce building peak heat gain and cooling requirements and improve the natural lighting quality of building interiors.  Peak electricity demand is also reduced by exterior shading devices, resulting in lower peak demand charges from utilities and reduced mechanical equipment costs.  Likewise, trees when used as shading devices can beautify landscape and provide oxygen. Internal Shading devices also help to create a sense of privacy.
  25. 25. Disadvantages of Sun Shading Devices  Difficulties can be experienced in handling the internal shading devices like curtains and blinds.  In the use of shading devices like light shelves, problems with low angle winter sunlight penetration can give rise to glare.  If the building is highly stylized (e.g. Neoclassical or glass cube), it may be impossible to reconcile external shading with the original style. Shading always blocks a part of the view. As a minimum, it blocks the portion of the sky where the sun travels.  Some shading methods are extremely specific to compass orientation (azimuth). For example, fixed horizontal shading may leak sunlight into the building during the morning or afternoon unless it is used on a face that is oriented almost exactly due south.
  26. 26. National Case Studies Trees used as Sun Shading Device for the East face of a commercial building in Durbarmarg. We can also see Vertical Blinds used in the internal space.
  27. 27. In the same building, on the top, a restaurant is using a space created by interesting sun shading devices.
  28. 28. In Lainchaur, Malla Hotel, Horizontal sun shading device is used in the north facade of the building. The windows are also having panes that reduce glare in the internal environment.
  29. 29. In Jyoti Bhawan, Kantipath, Jamal, vertical external sun shading devices have been used on the East Facade.
  30. 30. On the way to Jyatha from Jamal, a hotel is using eggcrate device on the western facade.
  31. 31. On the Eastern facade (receiving maximum amount of Sunlight throughout the day) of Suraj Arcade, Kathmandu Durbar Square area, Vertical Sun shading devices have been used.
  32. 32. Horizontal in North Face (receiving les sunlight) of a commercial building in Makhan Tole. Eggcrate type device in Jamal. East facade.
  33. 33. Formal National Case Study I  Name of the building: Janak Nath Memorial School, previously Kanya School.  Location: Lainchour  Date Established: 2043 B.S.  Type of Building: Public School  Use: Students, teachers, staffs and administrative people use this building generally from 10 am to 4 pm on weekdays.  Type of Shading Device: External Shading Device  Type of External: Egg Crate  Position of Device: East Facade
  34. 34. Effectiveness: The Eggcrate system has been used not only around the window openings, but also on walls. The shading device has therefore been converted into design element as well. The length of projections are 1 feet and have provided very good shade. Therefore, this can be considered good use of shading device.
  35. 35. The internal view of a classroom in third floor. Students feel comfortable both in summer and winter as per the information provided by a staff member of the school Windows themselves have been placed at a height likely to prevent students from outside distractions. Eggcrate patterns visible on the interior space as well.
  36. 36. Formal National Case Study II  Name of the building: Kathmandu Durbar Square Cafe, previously shops and storage.  Location: Basantapur  Type of Building: Public  Use: Staffs and customers use the place throughout the whole day 7 am to 9 pm.  Type of Shading Device: External Shading Device and Internal Shading Device  Type of External: Eggcrate  Type of Internal: Stickers  Position of Device: South Facade
  37. 37. Effectiveness: On the ground floor, there are glass panes windows where stickers have been used. Stickers are serving the purpose of preventing excessive glare from entering the internal space as well as giving a sense of privacy. On the first floor, external eggcrate shades have been used. The windows are small probably because the building was built when traditional Newari building style was popular in the area. Addition of shades seems useless. However, the first floor, if used for storage could have required shades.
  38. 38. Internal shades, stickers used behind the cash counter. Serving both as shading and privacy creating device.
  39. 39. Space of the first floor. Little or no use of sun shading device in today's context
  40. 40. Secondary National Case Study  Name of the building: Mahendra Bhawan School Administrative block when used by Kathmandu Academy  Type of Building: Educational Institution  Use: Students, teachers, staffs and administrative people use this building generally from 7 am to 4 pm on weekdays.  Type of Shading Device: Internal  Type of Internal: Pleated Blinds  Position of Device: Eastern Windows of 1st floor, Southern Windows of ground and 1st floor, Northern Window of Ground floor.
  41. 41. Lounge and teacher's lounge.
  42. 42. Preventing glare and creating a sense of privacy in the north window of computer room
  43. 43. Blinds on the first floor in a winter morning. In summer, the desks nearby the windows are generally left vacant due to heat.
  44. 44. International Case Studies  Formal International Case Study I:  Name of the Building: National Library, Singapore  Location: Victoria Street, Singapore  Date: 2004  Associated Names: Kenneth Yeang (architect/planner), T.R. Hamzah & Yeang (architect/planner)  Building Types: educational  Building Usage: library
  45. 45.  Hot humid climate  Widest shading device (1.8m)  Made of light metallic material similar to wings of aircraft  Oriented away from east-west solar exposure (to cut down solar penetration)  Sunshading devices on the west side  Blinds used at building façade  (Adjusts automatically through day light sensors depending on the light intensity)  Motion sensors and energy efficient lighting are used throughout the building  Façade has double-glazed, high quality, low- emissivity glass to reduce head transfer
  46. 46. Formal International Case Study II:  Name of the Building: SUR YAPI OFFICES  Location: Istanbul, Turkey  Date: July, 2010  Associate names: Gökhan Aktan Altug,TAGO Architects  Building type: Official  Use: Sur Building Construction Industry. TIC. LTD. STI.
  47. 47.  The building is oriented to maximize the generous south light, while dramatic, faceted louvers act as a solar shading device.  The louvers become part of the dynamic skin of the building.
  48. 48. Interior space
  49. 49. Secondary International Case Study  Name of Building: Ebril Metro Station  Location: Ebril, Iraq  Date: Under construction  Associated names: Mohammed Siyamand  Building Type: Metro station  Building Usage: Metro station  Shading type: Dynamic
  50. 50. Recommendations:  When deciding which devices to use and where to use them, the designer must consider a whole range of issues, whether they will be opened and closed daily as needed or just put up for the hottest season, whether they will adversely affect natural lighting level or even produce more glare, and how they might affect any natural ventilation strategy.  On average, external products are twice as good as internal products in reducing peak cooling loads  In selecting shading products, one should also pay attention to the transmitted daylight and the effect on the view out.
  51. 51. Conclusion  The team found out that there are various types of shading devices used in Nepal and in international buildings. Importantly, the team members realized that projections around the windows in buildings are not just design elements but also serve the purpose of shading devices. Comparatively, the national devices were less good looking and effective than the international. This, the team conjectures to be a result of poor design ideas and techniques in the national buildings. The team realizes that the importance of proper designing of sun shading devices and therefore willing to incorporate the devices in their design works.
  52. 52. Hübe, Helena Bülow. "ESTIMATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF SUNSHADES USING OUTDOOR MEASUREMENTS AND THE SOFTWARE TOOL PARASOL V 2.0." Lund University. Web. 28 Nov. 2014. <http://lup.lub.lu.se/luur/download?func=downloadFile&recordOId=699802 &fileOId=711430>. Bahr, Wassim. 1 Dec. 2009. Web. 28 Nov. 2014. <http://www.sesam- uae.com/greenbuilding/presantation/5. Wassim Bahr, AUD.pdf>. Mohammad Arif, Kamal. "A S Tudy on S Hading of B Uildings as a P Reventive M Easure for P Assive C Ooling and E Nergy C Onservation in B Uildings." International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering, 1 Dec. 2010. Web. 28 Nov. 2014. <http://www.ijens.org/102406-5252 IJCEE-IJENS.pdf>. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <http://www.bembook.ipsa.us>. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <http://www.usc.edu>. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <http://www.earchitect.co.uk>. REFERENCES:
  53. 53. THANK YOU
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Presentation on uses, types, importance and examples of sun shading devices. Presented by Students of Bachelors of Architecture at Kathmandu Engineering College in Building Science I class . Course Lecturer: Ar. Pranita Sharma Pandey

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