o Kuchipudi is pronounced as Koochipoodi is a Classical Indian dance originated in Andhra Pradesh, India.o Origin of the name Kuchipudi is taken from name of a village in the Divi Tehsil of Krishna district that borders the Bay of Bengal.o The resident Brahmins were practicing this traditional dance form, and it acquired the present name.o According to facts Siddhendra Yogi first developed a unique and particular style of kuchipudi based on the Natya Shastra.
o kuchipudi dance style, like many other classical dance forms, was initially presented at temples and was performed by the Brahmin men.o The first documented evidence of Kuchipudi male dancers’ performance was recorded in 1502 A.D. where they performed in front of Veeranarasimha Rayalu of Vijayanagara Empire and depicted the misdeeds and corrupt rule of Sammeta Guravaraju, Siddavatam ruler.o Another evidence shows that the Nawab of Golconda, Habul Hussan Qutub Tanisha, fond of the performance of kuchipudi, gifted the village of Kuchipudi and made it a cultural center to pursue the art with peace and harmony. Even today, artists and scholars living there continue the age-old tradition and pass the knowledge to present and future generations.
o Looking at the type of dance movements, costumes, and physically the location of its origin one can say that Kuchipudi is a blend of Odisi (a dance form of Orissa) and Bharatnatyam (a dance form of Tamil Nadu).o Kuchipudi is famous for its extremely elegant movements and its very strong descriptive and dramatic character narration.
o These dance dramas were mostly performed as an offering to lord Krishna mostly. All these dances were performed by men who could play the roles of both men and women as performers.o Initially, it was performed for lord Krishna, but with passage of time the dance form was even performed for Lord Shiva. This started happening by the end of the 18th century.
o In the early 1900s, after Siddhendra Yogi another towering figure in Kuchipudi - Vedantam Lakshminarayana Shastri - once again changed the stylistic direction of dance form.o He moved from the little village of Kuchipudi, the birth place of this art form, to the larger metropolis of Madras (now Chennai), a major centre for art and culture in India. His talent and brilliance was immediately recognized.o He introduced women to Kuchipudi and choreographed several solo dances, which have become part of the Kuchipudi today.
o Thus, Kuchipudi has under gone a number of changes and today surprisingly women are the ones who have finally mastered this dance form better than men.o Kuchipudi dance groups today are broadly classified in to two groups.Natyamelamu consists of a group of actors (males) performing Kuchipudi dancedrama.Nattuvamelamu is a tradition of dance performed by woman artistes. Thistradition had two sections, those who performed at the royal courts and thosewho performed in temples.oInitially, as we know it, Kuchipudi was just a form of temple dancebut now with passage of time it has finally become one of the mostwell known performing arts in the whole of our country.
o The Kuchipudi is a dance-drama of Nritta, Nritya and Natya.oThe Nritta consists of theermanams and jatis.Nritta encompasses steps and movements in the form ofpatterns of dance which, though decorated in them, have nomeaning to convey.o The Nritya consists of Sabdams.o The Natya consists of acting with mudras for the songs.
oKuchipudi is based on natya shastra covers as many anddiverse aspects such as:o MUSIC (raga, tala, sruti, and instrumental knowledge).oSTAGE-DESIGN (mandapa).oDANCE (rules & classification of dances, acting, expressionof bhava, eight kinds of rasas, choreography, and direction).o MAKEUP, and virtually every aspect of the STAGECRAFT.
o The whole dance follow the navrasas theory to show theexpressions and convey their moods.oThese are:oShringara (love and beauty).oHasya (joy or mirth).oBhibatsya (disgust).oRowdra (anger and its forms).oShanta (serenity and peace).oVeera (heroism).oBhaya (fear).oKaruna (grief and compassion).oAdbhuta (wonder and curiosity).
o DARU: it is a small composition of dance and song speciallydesigned for each character to help the artist reveal his orher identity and also to show the performers skill in the art.oThere are nearly 80 darus or dance sequences in atraditional Kuchipudi dance drama.o KALAPAS: it has a few characters with theme revolvingaround a single incident or a character.oYAKSHAGANAS: are dance forms evolved from more ancienttradition. This form of dance involves more characters, andgives a more dramatic essence to the dance.
o Some of dance which is practiced today in kuchipudi are:Purvaranga,Tandava Nritya kari Gajanana or Vinayaka KauthamBhamakalapam,Satya Bhama,Bhakta Phrahalda,Usha Parinayam,Sasirekha Parinayam,Rama Natakam,Gollakalapam,Gollabhama,Tarangam,
o Field of expertise: Kuchipudi and Bharatnatyam dancer.o Born on April 5, 1954 at Ahmedabad.o Daughter of classical dancer Mrinalini Sarabhai and space scientist Vikram Sarabhai.o She started to learn dancing at a very young age and also acted in parallel cinema. She played the role of Draupadi in Peter Brook’s movie ‘The Mahabharata’.o She studied at St. Xaviers College in Ahmedabad and later on did MBA and doctorate from IIM Ahmedabad
o Field of expertise: Kuchipudi Dance Choreographer, Guru, Dance Therapist, Organizer and Researcher.o Born on January 1, 1960 at Bangalore.o With her early training at the age of six in Bharatanatyam and later specializing in Kuchipudi and temple ritual dances.o She has done B.Com.o She has performed in India and abroad in Singapore, Korea, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, UK, Spain and Africa.o Honours/Awards/Fellowships: kalashree, arya bhatta award, vocation excellence award, research fellowship (govt. of india, new delhi)
o The kuchipudi dance makeup should have a gracefullook and must be suitable for stage light.oMakeup must suit dancers with fair and dark skin colors.oThe important characters have their makeup differentfrom the others. The makeup used in this dance is not soheavy. The list of items required for the makeup of thisdance form are: Altha, sindur, kumkum, bindi (preferablymaroon color ), black eye liner, eye shadow, facial powderand foundation whose color should be lighter than thecharacter’s skin color.
Steps of application :oFirstly oil- free moisturizer is applied then a light coat offacial powder is followed by a thick coat of foundation.o Over the foundation again a coat of facial powder isapplied followed by blush. On the nose especially on thesides dark foundation is applied.oThen the outline of both the eyes is drawn using blackeye liner. The ends of the outline are curved so that theeye looks like a lotus petal.oThen appropriate color lipstick is used with some gloss.At last put the maroon color bindi in the middle of yourforehead.
oThe Kuchpudi costumes look similar to Bharatnatyamcostumes.oOnly difference is the Katcham that comes at the back ofa kuchipudi costume.oA long pleat in the centre with a border and a blackkatcham with a side small fan makes a typical kuchipudistyle costumes.oCross pleat costume: Cross pleats are used for bothBharatnatyam and kuchipudi. This pattern is mainly formale dancers. This cross fan costumes can be used fordevotional characters like Muruga & Krishna.
oTYPES OF SAREES FOR A KUCHIPUDI COSTUME:1. Kanchipuram silk saree- The kanchipuram silk saree ishand-woven. It is made of dyed silk with zari works.Kanchipuram sarees are expensive than other types of silkavailable in south India. Kanchipuam sarees are strongerthan Dhamavaram or Arani silks generally.2. Dharmavaram silk saree- In many others places also,silk sarees are produced, they are Dhramavaram, Arni,Salem, & Tribhvanam. Even though these sarees are goodin quality, kanchpuram is the best.
oTYPES OF SAREES FOR A KUCHIPUDI COSTUME:3. Semi silk saree – costumes are also made of semi silksarees which is cheaper than the other two types. Thissaree is mainly used for group performance where costfactor matters. Many costumes are stitched at a time ingroup performance.oDRESS USED:Blouse (upper part)Pyjama (lower part)Small fan (waist)Pallu (drape over bosom)
INDIAN CLASSICAL KUCHIPUDIKuchipudi - Hyderabad(Andhra Pradesh)
oThe dancers adorn themselves with temple jewellery, which isthe style of ornaments worn by the deities in south Indiantemples.oSome ornaments are made from silver with a plating of goldand some worn by the artists are made up of a light weightwood, called Boorugu.o Jewelleries adorn the head, ear, neck, hands, fingers, and thewaist of the female dancers. It includes RAKUDI (head ornament), CHANDRA VANKI (arm ornament) and ADDA BHASA and KASINA SARA (neck ornaments).Even the long plait of dancer’s hair is decorated withornaments and beautiful white flowers.
o The male dancers are lightly ornamented.Thus we can say that the kuchipudi dance form is known for itsgrace and beauty which would be incomplete without its dressingstyle, costumes, makeup and its jewellery.JEWELRY USED:Jumka (earring with upward extension)Oddiyanam (waist band)Nathni (nose ring)Long Mala (long necklace)Short Mala (choker)2 Vaanki (arm bands)Chudiya (colored bangles to match your dress)Ghungroo (musical anklet with metallic bells)Mattal (forehead)Chandra (moon shaped hair ornament)Surya (sun shaped hair ornament)1 Red stick-on Bindi(a decorative mark worn in the middle of the forehead)
oAesthetics of coloro Darker colors make the dancer appear slimmer.o lighter colors look better on a slim body.ocolor black appears to make the body attractive and slim.oPale colors enlarge the shape of the dancer.oTo make the light colors stand out and the dark colors recede,the colors should be shaded from light to dark.
oShringara (love and beauty).oHasya (joy or mirth).oBhibatsya (disgust).oRowdra (anger and its forms).oShanta (serenity and peace).oVeera (heroism).oBhaya (fear).oKaruna (grief and compassion).oAdbhuta (wonder and curiosity).
o HEAD GESTURES (nine) Sama - level Udvaahita - raised up Adhomukha - down-cast face Aalolita - rolling Dhuta - shaken sideways Kampita - nodded Paraavrtta - turned round Utksipta - thrown up parivaahita - widely moved
oEYES (eight)Sama - levelAalokita - keen glanceSaaci - side longPralokita - wide glanceNimilita - closedUllokita - looking upAnuvrtta - quickly up & downAvalokita - looking down
o NECK (four) Sundari - to & fro horizontally Tirascinaa - upward movement on both sides Parivartitaa - right to left like half moon Prakampitaa - backward & forwad movement
Hands Single-hand gestures ()Pataaka - flag Tripataaka- a flag with threeArdhapataaka - half-flag KartarimukhaMayura - peacock Ardhacandra - half moonAraala - bent Sukatunda - parrots headMusti - fist Sikhara - peakKapittha - elephant-apple Katakaamukha - opening in a braceletSuci Candrakalaa - digit of the moonPadmakosa - lotus bud Sarpasiras - snake hoodMrgasirsa - deer head Simhamukha - lion faceKaangula AlapadmaCatura Bhramara - beeHamsaasya - swan beak Hamsapaksa - swan wingSandamsa - pincers Mukula - blossomTaamracuda - cock Trisula - TridentMore Gestures mentioned in some texts(Vyaghra-tiger, Ardhasuci, Kataka, Palli, Urnanaabha, Baana