Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Social and ecological attributes of marine recreational fisheries in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal

259 views

Published on

Oral presentation at the 8 World Recreational Fishing Conference, Victoria, Canada.

There are growing concerns about the impact of Marine Recreational Fishing (MRF) on ecosystems and its combined effects with other human activities, such as commercial fishing, especially in the higher trophic levels. On the other hand, recreational fishers make a considerable economic contribution by their expenses in materials, boats, licenses and travel costs and accommodation. However, little research has been conducted on MRF in Europe, particularly in the South. In the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal extensive research in basic features of MRF is still needed to support management decisions and to reduce growing conflicts between recreational and commercial fishers and other stakeholders. In this work we have analysed the social, economic and ecological impact of the MRF in this Euroregion by characterizing the types of users, estimating their costs and their catches by species. In particular, we have performed on-site and on-line interviews with fishers of the different mêtiers to gather economic information (costs, disbursements and profitability), social (education, occupation, age, residence, sex, generation of direct and indirect jobs and complementarity with commercial fishing and tourism) and ecological (trends and factors influencing abundances, gears used, species targeted and seasonal and daily effort and catches). Management recommendations have been given to improve socio-ecological sustainability of MRF.

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Social and ecological attributes of marine recreational fisheries in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal

  1. 1. Social and ecological attributes of marine recreational fisheries in the Euroregion Galicia- Northern Portugal 8th WRFC. Victoria, 16-20 July 2017 PABLO PITA, PEDRO GOMES, KIERAN HYDER, CRISTINA PITA, MAFALDA RANGEL, PEDRO VEIGA, JOSÉ VINGADA, SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE
  2. 2. Background and objectives • Concerns about the impact of Marine Recreational Fishing (MRF). • Economic contribution of MRF. • Little research has been conducted on MRF in Atlantic Southern Europe. • Complex socioecological environments. • More data on MRF is needed to support management decisions. • We analyzed social, economic and ecological relevance of MRF in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal.
  3. 3. Methodology • On-line questionnaire for the different MRF modalities. • Study disseminated among stakeholders and recreational/sport fishing networks. • Questions: – Ecology: trends and factors influencing abundances. – Fishery: gears, species, effort and catches. – Social: education, occupation, age, sex and complementarity with other activities. – Economy: costs and expenditures.
  4. 4. Results
  5. 5. Questionnaires Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Other Handline Rod Speargun Boat 6 100 1 39 50 27 Shore 10 177 2 1 162 28 Licenses Sources: Fishing licenses in 2015: Portugal (continent): www.dgrm.mm.gov.pt; Galicia: Xunta de Galicia. Zone Modality Total Population Ratio Shore Boat Spearfishing Other Galicia 59692 0 2584 - 62276 2732347 2.28 Portugal 112467 64171 9721 3458 189817 9839140 1.93
  6. 6. Ecology: abundances Relevance of the factors that govern the presence and abundance of fish species 0=very low; 2=very high
  7. 7. Ecology: trends in catches Average catches per day at the start of your activity and nowadays
  8. 8. Fishery: species captured What species do you catch, and percentage of the total?
  9. 9. Fishery: fishing season What is your season (months) of fishing (in the last 5 years)?
  10. 10. Fishery: effort and catches Hours per day Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun Boat 6.5 4.0 3.9 4.3 3.0 Shore 5.0 4.6 - 5.3 - Days per month Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun Boat 5.9 8.3 8.4 8.5 10.3 Shore 5.8 15.1 - 18.8 - Catch per day (Kg) Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun Boat 7.6 3.3 3.0 3.1 4.0 Shore - 3.9 1.5 5.3 3.2
  11. 11. Demography: age, family, education Familymembers(N) NR/DK= No response/Don’t know
  12. 12. Alone Family Friends Sociology: organization and fishing preferences Do you feel represented by your Federation / club or organization? Have you had an accident when fishing? Did you require hospitalization?
  13. 13. Economy: boat features
  14. 14. Economy: boat expenditures Average annual expenditure (last 5 years) in:
  15. 15. Economy: fishing expenditures Average annual expenditure (last 5 years) in:
  16. 16. Discussion • Coverage. • Biases: avidity, recall. • Next steps: scaling to general population. • Relevance of the activity in ecology and socioeconomy.
  17. 17. Thank you! Email: pablo.pita@usc.es

×