Collecting Traditional Ecological Knowledge as a new way of fisheries governance in Galicia, NW Spain
1. MARE Conference , Amsterdam 25-28/06/2013
Duarte Fernández-Vidal , Pablo Pita, Juan Freire, Ramón Muíño.
Collecting Traditional Ecological Knowledge as a new
way of fisheries governance in Galicia, NW Spain
7. Fishers’ ecological knowledge (TEK) could provide spatial information in a way
that is both quick and cost-efficient.
Every knowledge is true when it allows make projects and get adaptations
8. Using ethnographic tools to discover and record TEK.
Using TEK to map the coastal ecosystems.
Making TEK available by GIS tools.
Translating TEK cartography into scientific knowledge.
A bottom-up approachA bottom-up approach
9. Leaders of the fishermen’s asociations
Biologist or tecnical service of the
Galician Federation of Fishers Cofradías.
Researchers of UDC.
The study area
13. Semi-structured interviews
Vessel spatial distribution.
Target species distribution.
Gears used over last annual fishing
Description of seabed.
Relationships between species and
Tools on ecosystem and species
21. What we learned
Fishermen involved in other co-management projects more willing to
Clear products generates greater involvement.
Key involvement of Technical Assistance.
We prefer small but diverse than large and non-cohesive.
Trust is increased if the products are owned by the fishers.
Territorial Use Rights for some invertebrate species.
The fishers’ associations are interested in expanding the TURF model to all of the resources exploited and to the whole fleet. The idea is to establish a management plan with special regulations and management rules and bodies.
These new approaches need spatial information on ecosystems
Universalizable, adaptativo porque es flexible. Está preadaptado para ser usado como conocimiento científco.
How we build the collaboration in the project: Public communication: we formally presented the project, in a participative way. We generated discussions, identified strengths and potential conflicts between the fishers and between fishers and scientists. Equality: every fishers and every association was important for us, we tried to work with same number of fishers in each association. Decision making, we listened to the fishers proposals and we reached a final consensus on the planning. Participation: we asked for the fishers that really wanted to collaborate. Representatives of the fishers organizations selected them. By this, may be we didn’t controlled this, but we increased trust. Empowerment: fisher became active and proactive part of the work, very important for the following works.
S-fisheries: from small boats to purse seiners (semi-industrial). Metiers: intrinsic flexibility. To 5 different gears by vessel operating in different times of the year. Partivipative social tools: interviews and discussion groups. Cheap and fast. Annual fishing cycle: we covered the different efforts along the year. No management plans: we are particulary interested in the fisheries with no management plans.
Discussion groups. You can imagine that the habitat distribution is more accurate that the marine charts because it is actualized. We showed the cartography to fishers not involved in the original interviews and they were surprised on the quality.
What is important here is: Physical results but also the social procesess. We achieved a great sintony with the fishers. The fishers have a negotiation tool that empowers them democratizing the relations with administration and solving potential conflicts.
Participation varied between 100% in the interviews and 70% in the validation workshops. Technical Assistances: facilitating relationships between fishermen and scientists all over the process. They involved new young fishers that were not in the initial groups. It is more productive and easier for working with small, diverse and cohesive groups than large and non-cohesive groups. The administration has not participated in this phase of the project. The information is owned fishing associations and this have contributed to the quality and truth of the outstanding data that the fishers delivered and we collected. The gap between fisher and scientists is very small now.