Fishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite poles
Fishing in the antipodes: Fishers and fishesin two opposite polesRESEARCH GROUPMARINE RESOURCES AND FISHERIESRecursos Marinos y PesqueríasPablo Pita http://www.udc.es/http://www.verdeprofundo.net/UWA Oceans Institute, W Australia, February 20 th, 2013 http://www.recursosmarinos.udc.es/
MARINE RESOURCES ANDFISHERIES Multidisciplinary group formed by biologists, oceanographers and social scientists Extensive experience in applied research: • Assessment and management of living marine resources • Integrated management of the coastal zone • Socioeconomics of coastal communities
MARINE RESOURCESAND FISHERIESResearch projects (1990-2007): •16 autonomic projects • 6 EU projects •13 national projects • Contracts with private companiesFunding: 1,750,000 euros (last 5 years)Aprox. 150 publications in international journalsTwo spin-off companies
Research funding– R+D contracts Regional government Spanish government European Union FoundationsPartners Spin-offs Public institutions Companies NGOs
GAP 2 ProjectConnecting Science,Stakeholders and Policy
Partners• EU• Scientific (Universities and other research centres)• Stakeholders (professional and recreational fishers, NGOs)• Politicians (regional, national and international fishing ministries and RACs)
Objectives• Mutual learning between scientists, fishermen and managers• User participation in the management of fisheries and the marine environment• Collaborative research that integrates the scientific and users knowledge in the management policies
Cases of study1. UK. Sustainability of brown crab stocks with studies on behavior and migrations2. Spain. Mapping habitats and fishing grounds in coastal ecosystems of Galicia3. Germany. Climate change effect on the inshore and Wadden Sea brown shrimp fishery4. DenmarkManagement plans for herring in ICES IIIa and adjacent areas; perceptions of stocks and fisheries5. Norway. Developing a fisheries-based resource monitoring system for Norwegian coastal cod6. Sweden. Development of selective fisheries on whitefish in Lake Vattern - joint research involving regional stakeholders inked to “Fisheries Co-management Initiatives”7. Spain-France. Conservation and management issues of tuna fisheries around FADs8. Italy. Spatio-temporal distribution of fishing effort and biological resources in the Northern Adriatic Sea: towards the identification of fish habitats and management proposal in the framework of a participatory approach9. Malta. Management of the trawl industry in the Maltese 25nm Fisheries Management Zone (FMZ)10. Spain. Ecological impact and alternative management strategies for the NW Mediterranean red shrimp (Aristeus antennatus) fishery11. Estonia. Mapping Baltic Fisheries in support of Marine Spatial Planning12. Holland. Collaborative discard sampling in the Dutch flatfish fisheries13. UK. Long term management plans and the ecosystem approach in the North Sea
Mapping habitats and fishing grounds in coastal ecosystems of Galicia• Partnership with the Galician Organization of Fishermen• Useful information to improve (self) management• Information for multiple objectives (management plans, technical reports, proposals, conflict resolutions, etc.)
WP 1 International exchangeCommercial catches of razor clams are performed by free divers in Galicia.Just the same as the abalone fishery of Australia, in the other side of theworld.Dr Jeremy Prince called The Barefoot Ecologist Toolbox to a set of user-friendly tools to effectively manage fisheries.Effective implementation of these ideas has been successful, especially whenapplied to artisanal small-scale invertebrate fisheries, like the abalone fisheryof Australia.
WP 1 International exchangeI attended the annual meeting of the Western Zone Abalone DiversAssociation (WADA) in Victoria. They settled the catch and size limits for thenext year.Before the virus struck 300 tons of abalone were caught on WADA reefs. In2012 they captured 40 tons.Now divers wants to raise quotas to 70 tons.Also propose flexible quota distribution among the reefs so that fishing effortcan spread following the divers decisions.
WP 1 International exchangePending the final decision of the Ministry, there will not be an increase in thetotal quota for the next year, but divers can reallocate some reef quotasaccording to their proposal.
WP 1 International exchangeNew Data-Poor Harvest Strategies based on SPR Jeremy Prince, Adrian Hordyk & Sarah Valencia Acknowledgements: David and Lucile Packard Foundation Marine Stewardship Council The Nature Conservancy
WP 1 International exchange Size Histogram from the Catch DataSize of Maturity Data:Collected only once Size Compositionto develop each Data: Collected eachassessment time an Assessmentframework is repeated
WP 1 International exchange Estimate of SPR 100% SPRCurrent SPR Depletion (F/M ~ SPR)