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A matter of scales. The management of marine recreational fisheries in the EU

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Oral presentation at the 8 World Recreational Fishing Conference, Victoria, Canada.
There is growing recognition of the importance of inclusion human dimension in models for the assessment of stocks and the development of fisheries management measures. The sustainable management of these complex socio-ecological systems involves integrating different administrative levels or incorporating bottom-up management approaches. The objective of this paper is to present a critical review of the current management of Marine Recreational Fisheries (MRF) in Europe, in the context of increasing demand for marine ecosystem services that is leading to conflicts between groups of stakeholders. In particular, we analyzed how the European regulations on MRF support the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) in different geographic areas. The European Union (EU), national, and regional legislation were analyzed for four countries (Germany, Portugal, Spain and the UK) chosen to represent the full range of conditions across Europe. An Integrated Policy Legal Index (IPLI) for each of the countries was calculated from 57 criteria including biophysical attributes (geographical, ecological and biological aspects), social drivers across a range of stakeholders, and attributes of the governance systems. The IPLI was used to assess if the different legal frameworks follow the principles considered prerequisites for long-term, sustainable management of community-based common pool resources. Scale and institutional issues impacting on the management of MRF in Europe will be discussed including impacts on targets for ecological and socio-economic sustainability.

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A matter of scales. The management of marine recreational fisheries in the EU

  1. 1. A matter of scales. The management of marine recreational fisheries (MRF) in the EU 8th WRFC. Victoria, 16-20 July 2017 PABLO PITA, SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE, PEDRO GOMES, HARRY STREHLOW, PEDRO VEIGA, JOSÉ VINGADA, KIERAN HYDER
  2. 2. Background • Marine Recreational Fisheries (MRF) management have been traditionally neglected in favor of commercial fisheries. • Complex adaptive socioecological system.
  3. 3. Objectives • We present a critical review of the current management that affects MRF in Europe. • We analyzed how these regulations on MRF support the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) in different geographic areas. • We assume that the EAF is a good approach for the sustainable management of complex socioecological systems.
  4. 4. Methodology • Selected EU, national, and regional legislation from Spain and the UK (Portugal is ongoing, Germany?). • Westlaw (next), EUR-Lex: e.g., "recreational fishing" or "sport fishing" or "spear fishing" or "spearfishing" or "rod and line fishing“ or "marine recreational fishing" or "sport marine fishing" or "angling". • Policy Component Scores (PCS) by 5 components: social, economic, environmental–ecological and institutional. • Integrated Policy Legal Index (IPLI) by country (and EU) was calculated checking 57 criteria: biophysical attributes, social drivers and attributes of the governance systems (Castillo et al. 2016).
  5. 5. Results Administration Search 1 2 Used Spain 512 32 231 UK 57 197 41 EU 91 31 27 Up to two different search engines and lists of keywords were used
  6. 6. What’s in? Subject Administration Spain United Kingdom European Union N % N % N % Coastal activities 5 2.2 1 2.4 3 11.1 Conservation 5 2.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 Disease control 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 3.7 Fish imports 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 7.4 Marine fishing 33 14.3 7 17.1 12 44.4 Minimum sizes 3 1.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 MPA 108 46.8 0 0.0 0 0.0 Navigation 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Ports 2 0.9 1 2.4 0 0.0 Public and animal health 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 3.7 Recreational fishing 40 17.3 4 9.8 0 0.0 Restrictions by species 18 7.8 25 61.0 8 29.6 Sports 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Transfer fishing competences 13 5.6 0 0.0 0 0.0 Turism 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Weapons 1 0.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 Welfare of animals 0 0.0 3 7.3 0 0.0 Total 231 100.0 41 100.0 27 100.0
  7. 7. Word diving Spain UK EU
  8. 8. Word diving Zone (0.87%) Salmon (0.88%) Vessel (1.53%) Spain UK EU
  9. 9. Word diving Spain
  10. 10. Word diving Spain
  11. 11. Word diving UK
  12. 12. Word diving UK
  13. 13. Word diving EUzone
  14. 14. Word diving EUzone
  15. 15. PCS and IPLI IPLI=0.88 IPLI=0.80 IPLI=0.87
  16. 16. Are these legal frameworks suited for sustainable management of common resources in complex adaptive socioecological environments? • Shortcomings – Castillo et al. (2016) approach developed for freshwater. – EAF developed for commercial fisheries. – Adaptive management needs precautionary approach and resilience. • High IPLI in general. • Social sustainability is not a priority. • Spain: higher IPLI, many regulations. • UK: lower IPLI, specially in social component. • EU: good balance, but covering a few species (migratory, endangered).
  17. 17. Thank you! Email: pablo.pita@usc.es

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