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Hawaiian Cultural Dimensions of Death, Dying and Bereavement <br />by Panagiotis (Notis) Pentaris<br />
Population of Hawai`i based on Race and Ethnicity<br />
Death Ratios <br /><ul><li>9,792 deaths (2008 – 2009)
900 deaths of cancer in 2007
DHHS  in 2007:
766 men/ 100,000 population
485,3 women/ 100,000 population </li></li></ul><li>Past Practices <br /><ul><li>Uwe (wailing)
Manewanewa
Burial
The O`hana </li></li></ul><li>Cultural Elements Today <br /><ul><li>Realm
Reconnection
Loss of mana
Communication with the deceased
Visions
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Hawaiian cultural dimensions of death, dying and bereavement

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Hawaiian cultural dimensions of death, dying and bereavement

  1. 1. Hawaiian Cultural Dimensions of Death, Dying and Bereavement <br />by Panagiotis (Notis) Pentaris<br />
  2. 2. Population of Hawai`i based on Race and Ethnicity<br />
  3. 3. Death Ratios <br /><ul><li>9,792 deaths (2008 – 2009)
  4. 4. 900 deaths of cancer in 2007
  5. 5. DHHS  in 2007:
  6. 6. 766 men/ 100,000 population
  7. 7. 485,3 women/ 100,000 population </li></li></ul><li>Past Practices <br /><ul><li>Uwe (wailing)
  8. 8. Manewanewa
  9. 9. Burial
  10. 10. The O`hana </li></li></ul><li>Cultural Elements Today <br /><ul><li>Realm
  11. 11. Reconnection
  12. 12. Loss of mana
  13. 13. Communication with the deceased
  14. 14. Visions
  15. 15. Being hugged or touched by the deceased </li></li></ul><li>Five Stages of GriefElizabeth Kubler – Ross (1979)<br /><ul><li>Denial
  16. 16. Anger
  17. 17. Bargaining
  18. 18. Depression
  19. 19. Acceptance </li></li></ul><li>Cultural Elements Today <br /><ul><li>Strengths Display
  20. 20. Ho’okipa
  21. 21. The `Ohana
  22. 22. Hula and Arts
  23. 23. Hula Kahiko
  24. 24. Family – organized luau
  25. 25. Funeral customs
  26. 26. Story telling </li></li></ul><li>Native locals who have or are experiencing a loss of a loved one, do identify with each other as a specific ethnic group.<br />
  27. 27. After Loss Risks <br /><ul><li>Complicated Grieving Process
  28. 28. Depression
  29. 29. Harm to one’s self and/ or others </li></li></ul><li>Resources & Support Systems<br /><ul><li>Informal
  30. 30. Family (`Ohana)
  31. 31. Friends
  32. 32. Church
  33. 33. Formal
  34. 34. Hospices (O`ahu, Moloka`i, Kaua`i, Hawai`i)
  35. 35. Bereavement Network Meeting
  36. 36. Hospitals
  37. 37. Support Groups </li></li></ul><li>Social Workers’ Involvement <br /><ul><li>Grief Counseling
  38. 38. Support system
  39. 39. Bereavement </li></li></ul><li>Cultural Competence <br />Effectiveness on a Micro Level Practice <br />
  40. 40. References <br />Kubler – Ross, E. & Kessler, D. (2005). On grief and grieving: Finding the meaning of grief through the five stages of loss. NY: Elisabeth Kubler – Ross Family Limited Partnership and David Kessler, Inc. <br />Kubler-Ross E. (1979). On death and Dying. Athens - Greece: Tamasos.<br />Becker, E. (1973). The Denial of Death. New York: Simon & Schuster. <br />Bereavement Network of Hawaii. Bereavement support list (2008). <br /><ul><li>Green, L.C. & Beckwith, M.W. (2009). Hawaiian Customs and Beliefs relating to Sickness and Death. American Anthropologist, 28 (1): pp.176 – 208, (published online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/aa.1926.28.1.02a00030/pdf ). </li></li></ul><li>Q & A <br />

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