The AztecThe Relationship of the Human Body          and the Cosmos
Cosmovision• All life is integrated around a sacred center  – Sacred Tree/Sacred Mountain• World health was connected to t...
Aztec Understanding of a Human                Being• Divided into 3 realms  – Above, middle, below  – Similar to the cosmos
Head• In the head resides Tonalli  – Animating principle of the sun  – Tonalli means day• Entered the body through fontane...
Heart• Associated with the heavens and earth  – teyolia--container of vigor and energy--blood--    vital fluid• Site of me...
Liver• Connected with the underworld and the  dead  – earth energies• Connected with emotions and bravery  – Also a source...
Unity of Time and Space          • 3 calendars            – Year, Agricultural and              Divinitory          • Ferv...
Tenochtitlan
Ceremonial Center
Templo Mayor--Altepetl (Water        Mountain)
Coyolxauhqui--Moon Goddess
Coatlicue and Huitzilopochtli             • Coatlicue (Serpent               Skirt)                – Earth Mother         ...
Tlaloc and the Valley of Mexico              • Tlaloc--”he who is the                embodiment of the                land...
Atlcahualo--Drought        • First Month           – Before rainy season             (12 February)        • Child Sacrific...
Eating Landscape       • Earth was Tlaloc’s         body, sites of sacrifice         were his mouths          – Demand was...
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9 17-12-rel142

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9 17-12-rel142

  1. 1. The AztecThe Relationship of the Human Body and the Cosmos
  2. 2. Cosmovision• All life is integrated around a sacred center – Sacred Tree/Sacred Mountain• World health was connected to the correct circulation of energies – Rituals at the center.
  3. 3. Aztec Understanding of a Human Being• Divided into 3 realms – Above, middle, below – Similar to the cosmos
  4. 4. Head• In the head resides Tonalli – Animating principle of the sun – Tonalli means day• Entered the body through fontanel (third eye) at birth – Source of intelligence
  5. 5. Heart• Associated with the heavens and earth – teyolia--container of vigor and energy--blood-- vital fluid• Site of memory and knowledge – Source of power to divine fates
  6. 6. Liver• Connected with the underworld and the dead – earth energies• Connected with emotions and bravery – Also a source for disease
  7. 7. Unity of Time and Space • 3 calendars – Year, Agricultural and Divinitory • Fervary Mayer – 8 directions, blood flowing to body parts • Tonalpohualli-Day Count – Divintory calendar – 260 days
  8. 8. Tenochtitlan
  9. 9. Ceremonial Center
  10. 10. Templo Mayor--Altepetl (Water Mountain)
  11. 11. Coyolxauhqui--Moon Goddess
  12. 12. Coatlicue and Huitzilopochtli • Coatlicue (Serpent Skirt) – Earth Mother • Huitzilopochtli – Solar Deity • Nextlahualli--Blood Sacrifice – Payment of Debt
  13. 13. Tlaloc and the Valley of Mexico • Tlaloc--”he who is the embodiment of the land” • Tlalocan--the home of Tlaloc located in the underworld
  14. 14. Atlcahualo--Drought • First Month – Before rainy season (12 February) • Child Sacrifice • Ritual map of Valley of Mexico
  15. 15. Eating Landscape • Earth was Tlaloc’s body, sites of sacrifice were his mouths – Demand was for human blood in exchange for water – Fruits of human body (children) were exchanged for fruits of the earth (agricultural products) – Sacrifice--”payment of debt”

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