State of the Mobile Browsers

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An overview of today's mobile browser market.

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State of the Mobile Browsers

  1. 1. Hell is other browsers - Sartre Mobile browsers Peter-Paul Koch (ppk) http://quirksmode.org http://twitter.com/ppk Yahoo! London, 24 June 2009
  2. 2. Desktop browsers Desktop browsers are getting boring. They all follow the standards; even juicy IE bugs are becoming scarce. Fortunately ...
  3. 3. Mobile Desktop browsers Mobile browsers come to the rescue. They are MUCH more interesting. Many devices, many browsers, many incomprehensible bugs. Good times are here again.
  4. 4. Mobile browsers Today's session will help you make some sense of the situation. Thanks to Vodafone's generous support I'm able to deliver a preliminary report on the State of the Mobile Browsers.
  5. 5. http://quirksmode.org/m
  6. 6. Mobile browsers - Android WebKit - Iris - Opera Mobile - Bolt - NetFront - Skyfire - Safari - Obigo - Opera Mini - OpenWeb - Blackberry - Nokia S40 - S60 WebKit - Palm Blazer - IE Mobile - Fennec - Teashark You may groan now. - Ozone
  7. 7. Mobile browsers - Android WebKit - Iris - Opera Mobile - Bolt - NetFront - Skyfire - Safari - Obigo - Opera Mini - OpenWeb - Blackberry - Nokia S40 - S60 WebKit - Palm Blazer - IE Mobile - Fennec - Teashark - Ozone
  8. 8. Mobile browsers - Android WebKit - Iris - Opera Mobile - Bolt - NetFront - Skyfire - Safari - Obigo There is no “WebKit Mobile” - Opera Mini - OpenWeb - Blackberry - Nokia S40 - S60 WebKit - Palm Blazer - IE Mobile - Fennec - Teashark - Ozone
  9. 9. There is no “WebKit mobile” Compatibility of :enabled, :disabled, and :checked
  10. 10. Mobile browsers - Android WebKit - Iris - Opera Mobile - Bolt - NetFront - Skyfire - Safari - Obigo - Opera Mini - OpenWeb - Blackberry - Nokia S40 - S60 WebKit - Palm Blazer - IE Mobile - Fennec - Teashark - Ozone
  11. 11. Default browsers - Android WebKit - Iris - Opera Mobile - Bolt - NetFront - Skyfire - Safari - Obigo - Opera Mini - OpenWeb - Blackberry - Nokia S40 - S60 WebKit - Palm Blazer - IE Mobile - Fennec - Teashark - Ozone
  12. 12. Modern default browsers - Android WebKit - Iris - Opera Mobile - Bolt - NetFront - Skyfire - Safari - Obigo - Opera Mini - OpenWeb - Blackberry - Nokia S40 - S60 WebKit - Palm Blazer - IE Mobile - Fennec - Teashark Still quite a lot. - Ozone
  13. 13. Thin clients - Android WebKit - Iris - Opera Mobile - Bolt - NetFront - Skyfire - Safari - Obigo - Opera Mini - OpenWeb - Blackberry - Nokia S40 - S60 WebKit - Palm Blazer - IE Mobile - Fennec - Teashark - Ozone
  14. 14. Opera Mini Opera Mini is a thin client, meant for decent web browsing on older phones. The HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is interpreted by a special Opera server, which sends the result on to a thin client.
  15. 15. Opera Mini Opera Mini does not allow any client- side interactivity. Every time an event takes place the server is re-queried and the page refreshed.
  16. 16. Mobile browsers overview Top level: Android WebKit, Safari, Opera Mobile Mid level: S60 WebKit, Blackberry, Opera Mini Bottom level: NetFront, IE Mobile (old)
  17. 17. Operating systems - Symbian S60 (Nokia, Samsung) - Windows Mobile (Samsung, HTC) - Blackberry (RIM) - Android (HTC, Samsung, etc.) - iPhone (Apple) - Symbian UIQ (Sony Ericsson) - BREW (Motorola, LG) - webOS (Palm) - etc. etc. etc.
  18. 18. Operating systems - Symbian S60 (Nokia, Samsung) - Windows Mobile (Samsung, HTC) - Blackberry (RIM) - Android (HTC, Samsung, etc.) - iPhone (Apple) - Symbian UIQ (Sony Ericsson) - BREW (Motorola, LG) - webOS (Palm) - etc. etc. etc.
  19. 19. Operating systems - Symbian S60 (Nokia, Samsung) - Windows Mobile (Samsung, HTC) - Blackberry (RIM) - Symbian UIQ (Sony Ericsson) JME (Java Mobile Edition) “Write once, run anywhere.”
  20. 20. Operating systems - Symbian S60 (Nokia, Samsung) - Windows Mobile (Samsung, HTC) - Blackberry (RIM) - Symbian UIQ (Sony Ericsson) JME (Java Mobile Edition) “Write once, run anywhere.” “Write several times, run somewhere” (Still, easier than starting from scratch.)
  21. 21. Example As a test, I looked at the homepage of my QuirksMode.org in several mobile browsers on several platforms. The results are ... interesting.
  22. 22. Example Three variations: 1) Entire page shown, zoomed out (tiny fonts) 2) Upper left corner of page shown (normal size) 3) Positioning disregarded; site squeezed into small screen
  23. 23. Example (reference)
  24. 24. Safari iPhone 2.2 Zooms out and shows entire page.
  25. 25. Blackberry Storm Zooms out and shows entire page (with minor bugs)
  26. 26. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) Zooms out and shows entire page
  27. 27. Zoom If the browser shows the entire site, it usually gives you a zooming option, too. Let's take a look at a few.
  28. 28. Opera Mini Nokia E71 Initial: show entire site. Notice the zoom window top left.
  29. 29. Opera Mini Nokia E71 Clicking on Zoom zooms in to the requested area.
  30. 30. Bolt Nokia E71 Bolt has an unusual zoom interface.
  31. 31. Android WebKit G2 Click the lower right icon...
  32. 32. Android WebKit G2 ... and drag the zoom layer. Releasing it zooms in.
  33. 33. Zoom Browsers have some interesting ideas, but the final word in zoom interfaces has not yet been spoken. (Especially when Apple continues its patent fascism.)
  34. 34. Example Let's continue with our examples.
  35. 35. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) Zooms out and shows entire page
  36. 36. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) But ... Zooms out and this is shows entire desktop mode page
  37. 37. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond this is (Win Mob) mobile mode Errr ....
  38. 38. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) Errr ....
  39. 39. Opera Mobile - desktop mode - mobile mode
  40. 40. Opera Mobile - desktop mode - mobile mode Sites are shown exactly as on a desktop computer.
  41. 41. Opera Mobile - desktop mode - mobile mode Sites are squeezed until they fit the display; and several CSS declarations don't work. (such as float, position, width) More tests necessary.
  42. 42. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) desktop mode
  43. 43. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) mobile mode
  44. 44. Opera Mobile Opera says desktop mode is the default mode; users have to explicitly set mobile mode. I believe them, but they may be wrong.
  45. 45. Opera Mobile Changing random settings just because you can is popular in the mobile world. It expresses power over other parts of the mobile value chain. So I expect some hardware vendor or carrier to switch the mode.
  46. 46. Example Let's continue with our examples.
  47. 47. Opera 9.5 HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) Errr ....
  48. 48. IE Mob(old) HTC Touch Diamond (Win Mob) Errr ....
  49. 49. NetFront Samsung F700 Errr ....
  50. 50. NetFront Samsung F700 But ... Errr .... this is vertical orientation
  51. 51. NetFront Samsung F700 horizontal
  52. 52. S60v3 WebKit Nokia E71 Shows upper left corner of site.
  53. 53. Android WebKit G2 Shows upper left corner of site.
  54. 54. Back On most browsers, going back to the previous page is done by pressing the correct button. (BTW: Windows Mobile browsers usually go to the top of the previous page, and not to the point where you were.)
  55. 55. Back Still, by far the best Back interface is offered by the S60 WebKit. I hope other browsers will copy it.
  56. 56. S60v3 WebKit Nokia E71 Pressing the back button reveals this interface...
  57. 57. Ozone Nokia E71 Ozone does something similar, but it needs some more work.
  58. 58. Browser bugs Unsurprisingly, all browsers have their share of bugs, especially in CSS. And please count every WebKit as a separate browser in this regard.
  59. 59. Android WebKit G1 Perfect support.
  60. 60. NetFront SE C510 Lacks some declarations.
  61. 61. Opera Mob 8.00 Motorola V3xx Locked in mobile mode. Lacks most declarations.
  62. 62. Opera Mob 8.00 Motorola V3xx Besides, a JavaScript check for fontStyle is incorrect.
  63. 63. Browser bugs This problem has implications for testing. Do NOT use JavaScript to ascertain whether a certain CSS declaration is supported. The script might misfire.
  64. 64. Browser bugs Prize for the weirdest CSS bug goes to the Android G2. Reference: http://quirksmode.org/css/box.html
  65. 65. Browser bugs This is the normal test (Firefox): Width purple: 300px Width blue: 330px
  66. 66. Browser bugs G2: the purple box is WIDER than the blue one... but only in portrait orientation (Sorry, no screen shot.)
  67. 67. Developing for mobile Rule 1: Do NOT use emulators. They cannot be trusted.
  68. 68. Developing for mobile Rule 2: Make sure you have: - iPhone or Android (or both) - S60 - Windows Mobile - (Blackberry)
  69. 69. Developing for mobile Rule 3: Use media queries @media all and (max-width: 300px) { // styles for small screens } Opera, minor WebKits: full support iPhone, S60v5 WK: static support
  70. 70. Thank you for your attention
  71. 71. Questions? Ask away. Or ask me on Twitter http://twitter.com/ppk or on my site http://quirksmode.org

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