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Obesity, Final results of the Weight Measurements about overweight- obesity for the participants of the Erasmus+ ,greek team

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  1. 1. Erasmus+ Project 2014-16: “Power up! Get active for your future!” Food Disorders -Obesity
  3. 3. Overweight - Obesity Overweight is a situation of collecting fats that creates morphological and functional disturbances in the body.   Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated.
  4. 4. Obesity –– past and present In earlier historical periods overweight and obesity were rare and concerned only a small elite. More recently, as prosperity of the population increased, obesity became a problem in high income countries. Now, it is dramatically on the rise in low - and middle - income countries. In 1997 the World Health Organization (WHO) formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic.
  5. 5. As of 2008 the WHO estimates that at least 500 million adults (greater than 10%) are obese, with higher rates among women than men.
  6. 6. Obesity The rate of obesity also increases with age at least up to 50 or 60 years old and severe obesity in the United States, Australia, and Canada is increasing faster than the overall rate of obesity. The only region of the world where obesity is not common is sub- Saharan Africa.
  7. 7. Body Mass Index Overweight is defined as a BMI between 25 and 30 and obesity is defined by a BMI of 30 or more.
  8. 8. Effects of Obesityty Psychological and social problems, such as: • Low self-esteem • Negative body image • Depression • Stigma • Social Exclusion • Teasing and Bullying
  9. 9. • High blood pressure • High cholesterol • Impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance • Type 2 Diabetes • Sleep apnea • Asthma Effects of Obesity Physical disabilities:
  10. 10. •Pain in the joints •Musculoskeletal problems •Cholelithiasis •Skin diseases •Disturbances in body balance Effects of Obesity- Physical disabilities:
  11. 11. Effects of Obesity- Psychological consequences • Depression - Anxiety • Low quality of life - low self-esteem • Body dissatisfaction • Studies have shown that obese children rate their quality of life lower than those children with cancer. • Weight gain has also been linked with poor concentration levels, poor academic success and social exclusion in school.
  12. 12. Effects of Obesity- Social consequences Obese people: • Are more likely to suffer from discrimination in some situations (for example employment, travel, schooling, healthcare, etc.) • Usually have fewer friends, lower educational attainment, and worse employment prospects
  13. 13. Effects of Obesity- Health risks Obese children and young people face the same health risks as adults. While symptoms may not become apparent until later in life, in many cases, damage from being overweight as a child has already been done. Consequently, it is very important that the children reach a healthy weight as early as possible. We are now seeing children so obese that they are suffering from conditions usually only associated with adults (e.g. Type 2 Diabetes).
  14. 14. Health risks It’s not all doom and gloom as there is help available if you are overweight or obese. It is a condition that you CAN do something about. The good news is that by reducing body weight by just 5- 10%, health risks are dramatically reduced. Losing weight also means levels of activity can be increased – contributing towards further weight loss.
  15. 15. Preventing overweight and obesity: useful tips • Follow a healthy eating plan. Make healthy food choices, keep your calorie and your family's calorie needs in mind, and focus on the balance of energy IN and energy OUT. • Focus on portion size. Watch the portion sizes in fast food and other restaurants. The portions served often are enough for two or three people. Children's portion sizes should be smaller than those for adults. Cutting back on portion size will help you balance energy IN and energy OUT.
  16. 16. • Be active. Make personal and family time active. Find activities that everyone will enjoy. For example, go for a brisk walk, bike or rollerblade, or train together for a walk or run. Limit the use of TVs, computers, DVDs, and videogames because they limit time for physical activity. • Health experts recommend 2 hours or less a day of screen time that's not work- or homework-related. • Keep track of your weight, body mass index, and waist circumference. Preventing overweight and obesity: useful tips
  17. 17. Balancing Calories: Healthy Eating Habits • Provide plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole-grain products. • Include low-fat or non-fat milk or dairy products. • Choose lean meats, poultry, fish, lentils and beans for protein. • Serve reasonably sized portions and drink lots of water.
  18. 18. Balancing Calories: Healthy Eating Habits • Limit sugar-sweetened beverages, sugar, sodium and saturated fat. • Develop healthy eating habits by making favorite dishes healthier and by reducing calorie-rich temptations.
  19. 19. Final results of the Weight Measurements about overweight- obesity for the participants of the Erasmus+ Project 2014-16: “Power up! Get active for your future!”  
  20. 20. BMI of the male participants
  21. 21. BMI of the female participants
  22. 22. Remove calorie-rich temptations. Here are examples of easy-to-prepare, low- fat and low-sugar treats that are 100 calories or less: • A medium-size apple • A medium-size banana • 1 cup of blueberries • 1 cup of grapes • 1 cup of carrots, broccoli, or bell peppers with 2 tbsp. of hummus