Plot StructurePlot is the literary element that describesthe structure of a story. It shows thecausal arrangement of events and actionswithin a story.It’s like the framework that the story isbuilt around. The better the framework,the better the story.
Where does conflict fit?• Plot structure is formed around conflict.• Plot introduces the conflict, develops it, and finally resolves it.
Freytag’s PyramidFreytag’s Pyramid uses a five-part system todescribe a story’s plot.This graphic organizer matches the way storiesare constructed: The climax is the high point, andit’s surrounded by rising and falling action.
Modified Freytag PyramidFreytag’s Pyramid is often modified so that itextends slightly before and after the primaryrising and falling action.You might think of this part of the chart assimilar to the warm-up and cool-down for thestory.
Plot Structure Components Turning Point/Climax: the place where the plot turns or “changes direction” because after this point, the story is moving towards resolution. It is the event that the rising action builds up to and that the falling action follows. Rising Action: the series of Falling Action: events that conflicts and crises in the story happen as a result of the climax that lead to the turning point. as the conflict grows closer to being resolved.Exposition: setting the scene. The Resolution: the main conflict iswriter introduces the characters solved or resolved.and setting, providing descriptionand background.
Two more parts We are going to include two additional parts to Freytag’s pyramid.• Inciting incident – tied to the exposition, it is something happens to begin the action. A single event usually signals the beginning of the main conflict. The inciting incident is sometimes called the complication. On the pyramid, it is after exposition, before rising action.• Denouement - (a French term, pronounced: day-noo-mon) the ending. At this point, any remaining secrets, questions or mysteries which remain after the resolution are solved by the characters or explained by the author. Sometimes the author leaves us to think about the THEME or future possibilities for the characters. It’s next to resolution on the pyramid.