Bangladesh Online Research Network (BORN) presentation


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Supporting access: interventions that seek to improve the ways in which decision makers are able to access research based information.

Preseantation by Ananya Raihan, D-Net (Bangladesh) at the Locating the Power of the In-between conference July 08

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Bangladesh Online Research Network (BORN) presentation

  1. 1. Bangladesh Online Research Network (BORN) Research Information on Bangladesh Now at a Click
  2. 2. Background: Access Situation <ul><li>Infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet connectivity is available across the country [EDGE, GPRS, CDMA, DSL] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries do not have computerised catalogues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries are not online ( except private university libraries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library resources are not regularly replenished </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of availability of latest resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of on-demand services </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Background: Problems <ul><li>Researchers and policy makers spend huge time in search of required resources[ travel, manual search] </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers and policy makers spend huge amount of money [ photocopy, travel, stay] </li></ul><ul><li>Policy makers are not updated with latest developments in specific domain of policy making </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers and students lack up-to-date reference materials </li></ul><ul><li>NGO workers talk rhetoric due to lack to easily available resources [ lack of culture of information use] </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background: Demand <ul><li>Level 1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to online catalogue of libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to abstracts or executive summaries of research publications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 2: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to online repositories of resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to online repositories of regional and international publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with the authors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information on request [ managing information overload] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to information on latest releases of research publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annotated bibliography by theme </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to digest of the research publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in discussion on a particular topic/publication </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Birth of BORN <ul><li>Bangladesh Online Research Network in 2001 with two pronged objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating research on Bangladesh by creating an online warehouse of research information on Bangladesh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serving as a platform to interact for information givers and information seekers </li></ul></ul><ul><li> wanted to fill the gap between the source of information and point of its need </li></ul><ul><li>Official website: </li></ul>
  6. 6. Initial Tasks <ul><li>Bring in Bangladeshi publishers to share publications with </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a user-friendly portal with strong back-end administrative part [web 2.0 was not there] </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilise resources </li></ul><ul><li>Inform target users </li></ul>
  7. 7. thousands of publications in different categories free and on payment. Abstract and full text. Easy searching options for the users. Bangladesh Online Research Network (BORN)
  8. 8. Offers <ul><li>Regularly updated directory of publication of various institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Papers focused on Bangladesh and South Asia and related to South Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Resources in two categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On payment by using pre-paid card </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strong search engine by author, publisher, theme or key words for research papers </li></ul><ul><li>Category wise research paper archive to meet the demand of specific group for 82 categories </li></ul><ul><li>Author’s contact information (By e-mail) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information on request; in some cases small research is conducted </li></ul><ul><li>Online discussion forum </li></ul><ul><li>CD based content services to specialized organizations </li></ul><ul><li>CD based e-document service on request </li></ul><ul><li>Link to other relevant web sites </li></ul>
  9. 9. Key Characteristics <ul><li>Target Beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers and Academics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy-makers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt. Organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs & Development Agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business community ( national and international) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalists & Reporters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scope and Focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South Asia, All themes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type of resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed and general ( breadth is important) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication Channels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web, email, CD-ROM, occasionally printed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type of intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signposting ( mostly, 60%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organise or disseminate that information ( 20%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repackage(5%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>generate new information so getting involved to help users ( 15%) [ through collaboration,] </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Example of Institutional Collaboration for posting resources <ul><li>Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh Economic Association (BEA) </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh Enterprise Institute (BEI) </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh Institute of Bank Management (BIBM) </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad (BUP) </li></ul><ul><li>Bichayan, Technohaven Company Ltd, </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Anthropology, Jahangirnagar University </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Business Administration, Jahangirnagar University </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Jahangirnagar University </li></ul><ul><li>Khulna University </li></ul><ul><li>The University Press Limited (UPL) </li></ul><ul><li>Unnayan Shamunnay </li></ul><ul><li>ELDIS </li></ul>
  11. 11. Example of Themes <ul><li>From A to Z, such as ~ </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture    </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropology    </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption    </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management    </li></ul><ul><li>Economics    </li></ul><ul><li>Environment    </li></ul><ul><li>Ergonomics    </li></ul><ul><li>Finance & Banking   </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization    </li></ul><ul><li>Governance    </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights    </li></ul><ul><li>Information and Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Law    </li></ul><ul><li>Micro Credit    </li></ul><ul><li>Migration    </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources    </li></ul><ul><li>Political Economy   </li></ul><ul><li>Population    </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Alleviation    </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Cooperation    </li></ul><ul><li>SME  </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization    </li></ul><ul><li>WTO   </li></ul>
  12. 12. Business Model <ul><li>It was clear that financing situation is not encouraging at all </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration earning scope: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource sharing institutions [ revenue sharing from online sales] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limited success: people are not ready to pay for information </li></ul><ul><li>Robin Hood Model: Earning from other sources spent for sustaining the portal activities </li></ul>
  13. 13. Pre-paid cards Gold and Silver Pre-paid Cards BORN has added pre-paid card system (first ever in Bangladesh) to sell papers online.
  14. 14. Outcome: Going beyond repository services <ul><li>National budget: enhancing participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collecting opinions from grassroots and interest groups feeding the budgetary process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live web casting of National Budget speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice and text response to National Budget by representatives of interest groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concept of Benefit of Investment for creating public access to ICTs </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum wage campaign: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeding with research based claims to the respective campaigning groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research agenda of DFID for period upto 2013 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inputs from various interest groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade policy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whether Trade in services to be the part of SAFTA </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Challenges <ul><li>Resource Sharing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Threat to Income from sales of publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copy right (plagiarism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access to Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to ICTs ( private and public) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of ICT skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plagiarism at the initial stage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offering Advance services due to limited resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of online repositories of resources[ digitization] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offering cheap access to online repositories of regional and international publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offering comprehensive update on latest releases of research publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offering annotated bibliography by theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to digest of the research publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in discussion on a particular topic/publication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource Mobilisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business model is still struggling </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. THANK YOU Contact Address Development Research Network (D.Net) 6/8 Humayun Road, Block-B Mohammadpur Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. Tel: +880 2 8156772, +880 2 9131424, +880 2 9129779 Fax: +880 2 8142021 E-mail: [email_address] [email_address] URL: