Career and career choices


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Career and career choices

  1. 1. Careers and career choices. What is a career?
  2. 2. Career is a way of making a living, a profession or work which may require certain levels of learning or training. It is a life-long job, professional progress, a vocation or occupation that a person goes into and therein makes a living. You can for instance have a career in education, law, music, engineering, medicine, etc.
  3. 3. What is the purpose of career? Simply put: To meet societal needs and/or add value to the society/people There are many needs around us waiting to be met, identifying and meeting them may turn out to be a career for you.  “Needs” – Morally and legally right
  4. 4.  Everything in life is about choice; Even God says in the scriptures “choose Life”  To be happy, successful, fulfilled in life is a matter of choice  You have nobody to blame if you are not successful or fulfilled, it is your choice
  5. 5. Career Choice There is a strong link between the career you choose and your purpose in life. Your Career is the vehicle that carries you to your purpose
  6. 6. Exploring Your Interests Holland’s Hexagonal Model of Career Fields Realisti c Investigativ e Artistic Conventiona l Enterprisin g Socia l
  7. 7. Factors to Consider Do:  explore a number of careers and majors  get involved  Get advice from people in your target occupation  follow your passion  Dare to try something new Don’t:  focus on a major just to get a career out of it  select a major just because it is “cool” or seems to promise prestige  let someone else push you into a job  Assume that you have it all figured out
  8. 8. Factors Affecting Career Choices Interests Personality Skills Life goals Aptitudes People skills Experience Family traditions and work values
  9. 9. Where to Go for Help  Career center  Faculty  Upper-class students  Student organizations  Placement services
  10. 10. Choose Career Options That Match Your Values  Knowing what you value most will help you refine your career search and choice:  Helping others  Prestige  High income  Flexible work hours  Establish and align values, career choice, and career goals for motivation.
  11. 11. What to Look for in a Career            Major career field target Preferred type of work Income requirements Geographical requirements Special needs Industry preferences Stress level Level of interaction with other people Indoor vs. outdoor Amount of independence Balance between creative and conventional tasks          The type of people you would interact with Physical requirements Local/national/international organization Benefits and perks Advancement opportunities A good boss Training Industry outlook Reputation of the firm in the industry
  12. 12. Select Several Careers, Not Just One  It’s a good idea to have several careers in mind rather than just one in your first year of college.  Approximately 60% of students change their major at some point during their college career.  It pays to be knowledgeable about more than just one career field. The average graduate changes their job seven times in their life.  It also pays to develop a wide variety of general skills, particular those related to communication.
  13. 13. Network Check with people you know about career information.  Networking can lead to meeting someone who may be able to answer your questions about a specific career or company.  It is an effective way to learn about the type of training necessary for a particular position, what it took to get into the field, and the positive and negative aspects of the work.  More and more professionals are active on online networks such as and Some professionals even use Facebook to get in touch with others in their field…as well as research potential candidates. 
  14. 14.  Assess Your Skills  Academic Strengths      Personal Qualities   Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Math Creative Thinking Problem Solving and Decision Making Self-Esteem, Self-Management, Responsibility People Skills  Social, Negotiation, Leadership, Teamwork
  15. 15. See a Career Counselor  The career counselors at your college are trained professionals who can help you discover your strengths and weaknesses evaluate your values and goals sort through what type of career you want  They will not tell you what to do, they will simply help identify what factors may lead to successful and interesting career options.
  16. 16. Getting Experience  Volunteer or service learning  Study abroad  Internships/co-ops  On-campus employment  Student projects/competitions  Research  On-the-job training  Apprenticeships
  17. 17. Research the Job  Identify the skills and experience necessary to perform the job you want.  Determine the general requirements of the job.  Learn about the day-to-day tasks and responsibilities.  Research the company and employer.  Determine the company’s philosophy.  The more you know about the job, the stronger the candidate you will become. How big will my office be?
  18. 18. Explore Relevant Part-Time and Summer Jobs     Students benefit when their jobs are on campus. Investigate if there exists a part-time job in the department of your major. Advanced planning will help you obtain a summer job with a company related to your field. If you can’t find a related job, you can still demonstrate work-related skills and a work ethic that will impress prospective employers.
  19. 19. Are there good or bad Careers?
  20. 20. No career is good or bad in itself. What is important is the person behind the career and what he/she can do with the chosen career
  21. 21. How to make the right choice What not to do: Choosing based only on financial consideration  Choosing based on pressure from peer or parents  Choosing for the sake of choosing 
  22. 22. Making the right Choice What to do: Understand yourself : Selfknowledge is very important because it leads to self-discovery and self-discovery leads to selfactualization which ultimately leads to fulfillment in life and career. 
  23. 23.  Analyze yourself : Carefully and honestly determine your intellectual and interactive strength and weakness. Find out what you are good at so you can discover your innate abilities i.e. your talents.
  24. 24.  To discover your talent, ask yourself the following questions: what is it that you do so well? Where do you think you have an advantage over your colleagues? What do you enjoy doing with little or no encouragement? Your answer to these questions might be your talent.
  25. 25.  Discover your interest: Based on your discovery about yourself, find out what career or type of job arrests your personal interest. Your interest is what you like to do, many people describe it as “what I would like to be in the future”. Sometimes it is your life’s goal and ambition. Whatever it is, you need to know it and the earlier the better for you.
  26. 26.  Understand your Options Obtain as much information as you possibly can about the various career options that are available to you, particularly, those that arouse your interest.
  27. 27.  To understand your options fully, things you will need to find out include what the career is about, requirement(s) for the career, mode of training, duration of training, where the career is available, prospects of the career, challenges of the career, what the career entails, what it takes to successfully go into the career, the demand of the career on you and so on.
  28. 28. Having made your choice, what next?
  29. 29. Making the right choice is not the end; you need to work hard to make your dreams come true, else it may at the best become one of the greatest dreams that never saw the light of the day.
  30. 30. Whatever career you end up choosing, you need to distinguish yourself if you don’t want to be roaming the street in search of job.
  31. 31.  Have behind your mind that it is much better to become a job creator rather than a job seeker. So begin to think on this and working towards it.
  32. 32. The Future Before you is Bright. What will you do about it ?
  33. 33. Thank you for Listening
  34. 34. References  Ademini,E.(2010).Career and career choices. Retrieved from  Kuknalim,M.(2008).Career planning.Retrieved from  Nolinske,T.(2004).Career planning and management.Practice Hall.