Website News Credibility


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Website News Credibility

  1. 1. Website News Credibility & The Future of the Print Media in Egypt: survey research. By: Dr. Wail Ismail A. Barry
  2. 2. Introduction Development of Communication Theory: 1. Information Flow 2. Social Psychology 3. Symbolic Analysis 4. Interdisciplinary Communication Research. Manuel Castells: The Enlightenment Tradition of Critical Emancipatory of Social Science. Y. Habermas: The Communicative Action, the Public Sphere M. Poster: Synergism and Pluralism VS. Fragmentation. P. Bourdieu: The new shape of the society and the epistemological dimension. The French School of: Leyotard, Deleuze, Dreida, Foucault: The triangle of Culture, Communication and Anthropology
  3. 3. New Methods <ul><li>Textual Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Contextual Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic Research Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Futuristic Methods: </li></ul><ul><li>Extrapolation </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Analogies </li></ul><ul><li>Trend Correlation </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Linear Projection </li></ul><ul><li>Applications. </li></ul><ul><li>The Annual Aspen Institute Report on Info. Tech. </li></ul><ul><li>The Home Net Overview Study, Residential Internet Use, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Connectedness Index </li></ul><ul><li>Credibility Index </li></ul>
  4. 4. Research Problem <ul><li>1. The increasing number of Website news readers. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Low circulation figures. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Competition between space TV channels and the print media. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Searching for Credible news sources rather than national newspapers. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Content diversity and interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>5. The emergence of the weblog journalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges for the Print Media: </li></ul><ul><li>1. News Credibility is a core issue in Egypt and the Arab World. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The audience seeks for knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Enough of traditional media content. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Research Questions <ul><li>1. What are the attitudes of the Egyptian audience towards news websites? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What are the new credibility’s criteria? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What are the major future issues? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Theoretical Framework <ul><li>Media Dependency </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Communication Infrastructure.” </li></ul><ul><li>Uses and Gratifications: </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive, epistemological and Behavioristic </li></ul><ul><li>Major Operational Concepts: </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Credibility </li></ul>
  7. 7. Methodology <ul><li>Main Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>The study seeks for studying the relationship between website news credibility and the future of the print media in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Study: descriptive, analytical and exploratory. </li></ul><ul><li>Method: Survey Research. </li></ul><ul><li>Sample: Non Probability purposive. </li></ul><ul><li>Tools: Structured Questionnaire, Observation, Textual analysis. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hypotheses <ul><li>News Websites are more credibile than the print media. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a negative correlation between website news diversity and the print media readership. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a positive relationship between the credibility of news websites and audiences’ cognitive knowledge. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Statistical treatment <ul><li>Descriptive Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Correlation Coefficient </li></ul><ul><li>Chi Square </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Power of Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Bi- Correlation (Spearman). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Major Results <ul><li>News websites are more credible than the print media because of: </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of the media content and audiences’ choices. This would, in turn, makes the Egyptian audience rethink of the future of the print media and affect their attitudes as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual and audio applications of the news websites add more impacts on the audiences’ realizations of the issue of credibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Timeliness, interactivity and easiness of use of news websites affect the low figures of the print media circulation in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>News websites are important plaza for expressing views and opinions openly rather than done in the print media. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the press in Egypt faces a big challenge. </li></ul><ul><li>The three hypotheses were proven. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Discussion <ul><li>Variables of Credibility: </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Unbiased </li></ul><ul><li>Interest </li></ul><ul><li>Easiness </li></ul><ul><li>Clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Coherence </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul><ul><li>Importance </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensiveness </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusions & Implications <ul><li>News websites are more credible than the print media in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the press should be at the core discussion. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need for developing online journalistic research methods. </li></ul><ul><li>The elite society in Egypt should consider the new imperatives: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Connectedness Index </li></ul><ul><li>Credibility Index </li></ul><ul><li>Rating research </li></ul><ul><li>Residential online media use </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>