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Secure Pork Supply

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Dr. Pam Zaabel, Iowa State University, from the 2015 World Pork Expo, June 3 - 5, 2015, Des Moines, IA, USA.

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Secure Pork Supply

  1. 1. Secure Pork Supply Plan Pilot Project A Continuity of Business Plan for the Pork Industry in the Face of a Foreign Animal Disease Pam Zaabel, DVM Center for Food Security and Public Health College of Veterinary Medicine Iowa State University
  2. 2. Today’s Discussion Why a Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Plan is needed What the SPS Plan is Implementation of the SPS Plan Pilot Project on a Production Site
  3. 3. Why a Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Plan is needed
  4. 4. Global Prevalence of FMDv World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) has • 178 member countries: – 96 countries are endemic (“have it”) and have never been free of FMD – 66 countries free of FMD – 11 countries have free zones either with or without vaccination – 5 countries were free and recently suffered from a re-emergence of FMD Leon, E. A. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 59 (Suppl. 1) pages 1-14, 2012
  5. 5. The United States has had Nine Outbreaks of FMD 1870, 1880 and 1884: Due to importation of infected animals. Since the development of a Federal system of inspection and quarantine of imported livestock, no outbreak has been attributed to admission of live animals. 1902, 1908, 1914, 1924 (two separate outbreaks) and 1929 All outbreaks were controlled by stop movement and stamping out
  6. 6. North American Animal Agriculture Industry is Unique Herd size: • >50,000 cattle feedlots • >5,000 cow dairies • >70,000 calf ranches • >20,000 sows
  7. 7. United States Animal Agriculture Industry is Unique Extensive mobility of animals, products, feed • ~1,000,000 swine in transit daily • 400,000 to 500,000 to slaughter • ~400,000 cattle in transit per day • ~94,000 commercial cattle slaughter per day • Auction markets, fairs, exhibitions? • Sheep, goats, others?
  8. 8. US Animal Agriculture is Highly Vulnerable to Foreign Animal Diseases (FADs) • US production animals have no immunity to FADs • Export markets will be lost and prices will drop dramatically • Stop movement orders will be issued • Emergency FMD vaccine stocks are far below what would be required to address a livestock dense state or multi-state outbreak • The size, structure, efficiency, and extensive movement inherent in the U.S. livestock industries will present unprecedented challenges in the event of a FAD outbreak
  9. 9. What is the Secure Pork Supply (SPS) Plan?
  10. 10. Secure Pork Supply Plan (Funded by USDA APHIS VS and NPB) Develop procedures to allow the safe movement of animals with no evidence of infection in a FAD control zone to a pork processing plant or to other sites to accommodate different stages of production.
  11. 11. Secure Pork Supply Plan Partners • SPS Planning Committee – Federal and State officials – Representatives of all phases of the swine industry – NPB, NPPC, AASV – Academia • Iowa State University • University of Minnesota • Funded by USDA APHIS and NPB
  12. 12. FADs included in SPS plan • Foot and mouth disease – Swine, cattle, sheep, goats, deer • Classical swine fever • African swine fever • Swine vesicular disease PIADC Foot and Mouth Disease : 7 days post infection
  13. 13. North American Animal Agriculture Industry is Unique Strategies for the response to, and management of, a FAD outbreak will change as the outbreak progresses and will depend upon the magnitude, location and other characteristics of the outbreak.
  14. 14. Phases and Types of FMD Response http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/pdf/phases-and-types-of-an-fmd-outbreak
  15. 15. FMD Detection in the United States: Types of an FMD Outbreak Type 6: Catastrophic North American Response Shifts from Emphasis on Stamping-Out to Emphasis on Alternate Strategies (duration of FMD response) Size of FMD Outbreak (in terms of animals, premises, and jurisdictions affected) Six Types of FMD Outbreaks 15
  16. 16. Controlled Movement of Swine in an FMD Outbreak – At the beginning of an outbreak • No new movements initiated from the FMD control area • 1,000,000 pigs on the road each day – Some will have come from the control area – ~400,000 to 500,000 hogs and sows slaughtered daily – Restarting movement • Depends on the type of outbreak
  17. 17. Implementation of the SPS Plan Pilot Project on a Production Site
  18. 18. SPS Plan Pilot Project Successfully implement the components of the SPS Plan with the pork production operation participating in this Pilot Project • Demonstrate three movements – Farrowing to nursery – Nursery to finisher – Finisher to harvest facility • Include all players – Employees, owners, site managers, herd veterinarians – Plant personnel (including FSIS) – State and federal animal health officials – IIAD, NPB
  19. 19. SPS Plan Pilot Project Overview
  20. 20. SPS Plan Pilot Project Site Selection Select three sites to include in the Pilot -farrowing, nursery and grow-finish -Enter each site’s information into the spreadsheet
  21. 21. SPS Plan Pilot Project Site Selection
  22. 22. SPS Plan Pilot Project Overview
  23. 23. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Biosecurity • Implement BPS • Site-specific biosecurity plan • Employee Training • Third Party Verification
  24. 24. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Written site-specific Biosecurity plan -explain how the site meets all the Biosecurity Performance Standards (BPS)
  25. 25. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity
  26. 26. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Feedback • All BPS can be implemented onsite with a couple revisions – Deliveries, especially propane – Manure handling – Carcass handling – Additional options for securing farm entry
  27. 27. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Employee Training
  28. 28. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Employee Training ‘Do Not Bring Disease to the Site’ Each module includes a quiz.
  29. 29. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Can retake quizzes
  30. 30. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity
  31. 31. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Training Feedback • Group training • Reduce passing score to 80% • Modify the most frequently missed questions • Translate to Spanish
  32. 32. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Third Party Verifier reviews the site-specific biosecurity plan and performs an evaluation of the site to ensure all the BPS have been met.
  33. 33. SPS Plan Pilot Project Biosecurity Feedback received • Verification that all BPS have been met is one of the most important components • State animal health officials need to trust the individuals performing the verifications
  34. 34. SPS Plan Pilot Project Overview
  35. 35. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance AOS • Herd Health Monitor Training • Begin recording observations 15 days prior to movement
  36. 36. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance 6 lessons with 4 quizzes
  37. 37. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance 6 lessons each with a quiz
  38. 38. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance
  39. 39. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance
  40. 40. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance HHM scores
  41. 41. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance
  42. 42. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance Herd Health Monitor Training Feedback • Group training as with biosecurity • Cross reference those who participated in training and those making the observations in the barns • Translate to Spanish
  43. 43. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance
  44. 44. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance
  45. 45. SPS Plan Pilot Project Surveillance Feedback • Add a comment box when entering so can explain unusual death loss • Integrate with PQA forms
  46. 46. SPS Plan Pilot Project Overview
  47. 47. SPS Plan Pilot Project Epidemiology Epi questionnaire
  48. 48. SPS Plan Pilot Project Epidemiology Purpose of the Epi questionnaire • Help the Incident Management Team evaluate animal disease risk factors when requests for animal movements are being considered
  49. 49. SPS Plan Pilot Project Epidemiology
  50. 50. SPS Plan Pilot Project Epidemiology Feedback • Determine how long the completed questionnaire is good for • Revise questions
  51. 51. SPS Plan Pilot Project Overview
  52. 52. SPS Movement Permit Once animals are ready to be moved -enter all data on portal -complete a movement permit request
  53. 53. SPS Movement Permit Request
  54. 54. SPS Plan Pilot Project Overview
  55. 55. SPS Sample Collection and Testing Surveillance -not performed for the Pilot Project -problem if samples tested false positive for CSF
  56. 56. SPS Plan Pilot Project Overview
  57. 57. Incident Command Reviews Permit Request • Incident Command
  58. 58. AgCONNECT
  59. 59. AgCONNECT
  60. 60. AgCONNECT AOS data
  61. 61. AgCONNECT Finisher Movements
  62. 62. AgCONNECT Finisher Movements
  63. 63. SPS Evaluations Employees, Students and Managers -Biosecurity and HHM Training -Implementing AOS on the site Veterinarian -Implementing BPS on the site Biosecurity Verifier -Guidance needed Incident Command -Permitting Process -BPS, Training, AOS
  64. 64. For More Information • For more information on the Secure Pork Supply, access the following website: www.securepork.org
  65. 65. For More Information • The phases and types of an FMD outbreak document is available at: www.cfsph.iastate.edu/pdf/phases-and-types-of-an-fmd- outbreak • NAHEMS guidelines: Vaccination for contagious diseases; Appendix A: foot-and-mouth disease: www.cfsph.iastate.edu/pdf/fad-prep-nahems-appendix-a- vaccination-for-foot-and-mouth-disease • USDA APHIS FMD Response Plan: The Red Book: www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/emergency_managemen t/
  66. 66. Thank you! Questions and Comments: zaabelp@iastate.edu

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