Pest of Concern in SDDenise VanRoekel, M.S.Health Program CoordinatorSioux Falls Health Department
Cockroaches• Cockroaches are very difficult to get rid of once populations are established.• They can have up to 20 babies at a time• Multiply rapidly• Very resistant
Where are they?• They are nocturnal (active at night) and will hide inside and behind things.• Found primarily in the kitchen or around food• They prefer grains, however will eat about anything.• Can be found around pipes and in walls.
Prevention/Control• Put food in sealed containers• Make sure pipes/faucets don’t drip• Seal any cracks in walls• Make sure garbage is out• Use a combination of control methods; powders, pesticide sprays, and traps/baits
Bedbugs• Can attach themselves to clothing and belongings and be transported from place to place• Females can lay 5 eggs a day – an infestation can grow rapidly
Where are they?• Bedbugs prefer to hide in furniture such as the bed or chairs and couches where their host is not moving.• They will hide in hard to find spots• They can also be found in clothing, in carpets, pillows, stuffed animals and books....almost anywhere.• Bites are often the 1st sign
Prevention/Control• When travelling put baggage in bathtub or on tile.• Wash everything possible when you return from staying elsewhere• Do a visual inspection of clothing when you have been somewhere that might have bedbugs.• Reduce clutter around your home• Clean and vacuum regularly• Wash bedding often
How to get rid of Bedbugs• Vacuum• Clean up clutter around the home, especially on the floors• Wash everything you can – especially bedding• Buy encasements for your mattresses/box springs• Pesticides and control methods
Mice• Mice can multiply quickly (50-60 babies in a lifetime!• Feed on food meant for humans and pets• Their feces/waste can introduce bacteria into areas causing disease and sickness• Can cause damage from chewing
Where are they?• Good climbers and runners• Can be found in very small spaces• Wires in walls• Around food• Can be found by looking for fecal droppings, nests made of paper etc...
Prevention/Control• Population reduction (trapping/poisoning)• Good sanitation - reduce food and shelter• Store food in sealed containers• Seal cracks• Cats/Dogs – may help, but can also make the problem worse
Mosquitoes• There are 43 different types of mosquitoes in SD• About 12 of them can spread disease
Where are they?• Mosquitoes breed in standing water• Some species can also lay their eggs on muddy banks beside areas that will flood from time to time.• Birdbaths, flower pots, pet dishes, gutters, ornamental ponds, toys/play equipment....anything that can hold water!
Prevention/control• Not all mosquitoes bite humans• To prevent being bit, where DEET or other insect repellent• Wear long sleeves• Avoid being outdoors after dark if possible• Eliminate or reduce breeding sites on your property