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Parliamentary government

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Parliamentary government

  1. 1. Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  2. 2.  The division of power between the state government and and the centre or union government UNION GOVERNMENT STATE GOVERNMENT POWER Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  3. 3. • Consist of issues of national concern. ExUNION LIST : Currency, Defence • Only union govt can make laws. • Consist of issues of state concern. Ex : STATE LIST Housing, transport • Only state govt can make laws • Consist of issues common in both theCONCURRENT list. Ex : Education LIST • Both the govt can make laws Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  4. 4.  India is a republic The head of the Indian union is the president It comprise of council of minister The ministers are collectively responsible Following British pattern India has adopted the parliamentary form of government Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  5. 5.  The founding fathers chose the parliamentary form of government as they gained some experience of operating it under British rule Further there were advantages in continuing the established institutions It was best suited to accommodate varied interest of India Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  6. 6.  Union legislature is also known as “PARLIAMENT” The parliament consist s of the president, the council of states i.e Rajya Sabha and the house of people i.e Lok Sabha The members of both the houses is known as MPs or members of the parliament The parliament has to meet at least twice in a year Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  7. 7. LOK SABHA RAJYA SABHA It is also known as lower  It is also known as upper house house It is green in color  It is green in color It consist of 550 members  It consist of 250 members Members are directly  Members are directly elected elected To become its member  To become its member the person must be 25ys the person must be 25ys of age of age Presiding officer is  Presiding officer is vice- speaker president Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  8. 8. LOK SABHA RAJYA SABHA Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  9. 9.  Can you list few differences in the powers of Indian president & U.S President? Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  10. 10.  Election Commission is an independent body that conduct elections It performs the following functions: Fix the date Mark Electoral constituencies rolls Polling boots, Declare voting machines results Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  11. 11.  RULING PARTIES: A party secures the majority of seats in the parliament OPPOSITION PARTY: The party in opposition. They act as a check on the ruling party by criticising its policies Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  12. 12. POWERS  Power of making laws  Putting laws into action  Control over finance  Power to provide justice  Making few changes in the constitution Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI
  13. 13. FIRST READINGSECOND READINGTHIRD READINGBILL IN OTHER HOUSEPRESIDENT’S ASSENT Pooja Singhal, Ph.D Research Scholar, JMI

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