<ul><li>MEDICINE OF THE FUTURE </li></ul>POOJITHA CHINTHALA  Roll no:12080026 Priyadarshini College of  Pharmaceutical Sci...
<ul><li>Nanotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Nanorobots </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) </li></ul><ul><li>How...
What Does Nanotechnology Mean? <ul><li>Nanotechnology is the engineering of   functional  systems at the molecular scale. ...
NANOROBOTS <ul><li>A nanorobot is a tiny machine designed to perform a specific task or tasks repeatedly and with precisio...
Molecular Nanotechnology (MNT) The umbrella science of nanomedicine <ul><li>MNT describes engineered nanosystems (nanoscal...
<ul><li>What is a Chromallocyte? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Respirocyte  ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Risks of Nanosc...
<ul><li>A chromallocyte is a lozenge-shaped mobile  nanorobot ,  consisting of about four trillion atoms.  </li></ul>What ...
Chromallocyte in Chromosome Replacement Therapy
<ul><li>A respirocyte is an engineering design for a machine that cannot be built with current technology: an artificial r...
Respirocytes in the bloodstream
<ul><li>Uncontrolled nanomachines </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoweaponery </li></ul>What are the risks of Nano science
<ul><li>Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) is a breakthrough science that combines principles of chemistry, biology and physic...
<ul><li>ABUNDANT CLEAN ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGYERADICATING DISEASE AND EXTENDING LIFE  </li></ul><ul><li>HEALING TH...
<ul><li>NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE  </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS  </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy. In a clinical envi...
<ul><li>NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE   </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS   </li></ul><ul><l...
How Nanorobots Will Work The robot in this illustration swims through the  arteries and veins using a pair of tail appenda...
Powering of nanorobots <ul><li>The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for ene...
<ul><li>Designers sometimes look at microscopic organisms for propulsion inspiration, like the Nanorobot flagellum on this...
<ul><li>Breaking up blood clots </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Parasite Removal </li></ul><ul><li>Gou...
<ul><li>Devices working in the bloodstream could nibble away at arteriosclerotic deposits, widening the affected blood ves...
<ul><li>FIBRE OPTICS TECHNOLOGY : Utilized in endoscopic medicine.Fiber optic instruments are introduced into the body cav...
All of these current developments in technology directs humans a step closer to nanorobots and simple, operating nanorobot...
<ul><li>http:// www.azonano.com/Details.asp?ArticleID =2035   </li></ul><ul><li>Cristina Buzea, Ivan Pacheco, and Kevin Ro...
Nano robots medicine of the future
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Nano robots medicine of the future

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how nanorobots helps in the treatment of various diseases

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  • describes engineered nanosystems (nanoscale machines) operating on the molecular scale. Molecular nanotechnology is especially associated with the  molecular assembler , a machine that can produce a desired structure
  • A mouthwash full of smart nanomachines could identify and destroy pathogenic bacteria while allowing the harmless flora of the mouth to flourish in a healthy ecosystem. Further, the devices would identify particles of food, plaque, or tartar, and lift them from teeth to be rinsed away. Being suspended in liquid and able to swim about, devices would be able to reach surfaces beyond reach of toothbrush bristles or the fibres of floss. As short-lifetime medical nanodevices, they could be built to last only a few minutes in the body before falling apart into materials of the sort found in foods (such as fibre).
  • Medical nanodevices could augment the immune system by finding and disabling unwanted bacteria and viruses. When an invader is identified, it can be punctured, letting its contents spill out and ending its effectiveness. If the contents were known to be hazardous by themselves, then the immune machine could hold on to it long enough to dismantle it more completely.
  • Nanobots are delivered to produce a lethal blow to a cancerous cell for destructing effectively by killing it. Once it has delivered its lethal blow, the nanoparticle breaks down into tiny pieces that get eliminated by the body in the urine. kill  cancer cells  in human patients using a new  RNA interference (RNAi) therapy  delivered via a special nanobot.  This nanobot targets the messenger RNA (mRNA)  to stop the production of  protein  in the cancer cell, thus starving the  cancer  from its source of survival.
  • Nano robots medicine of the future

    1. 1. <ul><li>MEDICINE OF THE FUTURE </li></ul>POOJITHA CHINTHALA Roll no:12080026 Priyadarshini College of Pharmaceutical Sciences NANOROBOTS Presented by
    2. 2. <ul><li>Nanotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Nanorobots </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) </li></ul><ul><li>How Nanorobots Will Work </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>CONTENTS
    3. 3. What Does Nanotechnology Mean? <ul><li>Nanotechnology is the engineering of   functional systems at the molecular scale. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the study of manipulating matter on an   atomic   and   molecular   scale. </li></ul>
    4. 4. NANOROBOTS <ul><li>A nanorobot is a tiny machine designed to perform a specific task or tasks repeatedly and with precision at nanoscale dimensions, that is, dimensions of a few  nanometer s (nm) or less, where 1 nm = 10 -9  meter </li></ul><ul><li>They are nanodevices that will be used for the purpose of maintaining and protecting the human body against pathogens. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Molecular Nanotechnology (MNT) The umbrella science of nanomedicine <ul><li>MNT describes engineered nanosystems (nanoscale machines) operating on the molecular scale. </li></ul><ul><li>MNT is especially associated with the   molecular assembler , a machine that can produce a desired structure. </li></ul><ul><li>MNT IS based on the ability to build structures to complex, atomic specifications by means of   mechanosynthesis . </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>What is a Chromallocyte? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Respirocyte ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Risks of Nanoscience? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Potential Benefits of MNT (Molecular Nanotechnology)? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Potential Dangers of Molecular Nanotechnology ? </li></ul>Related wise GEEK articles
    7. 7. <ul><li>A chromallocyte is a lozenge-shaped mobile nanorobot , consisting of about four trillion atoms. </li></ul>What is chromallocyte?
    8. 8. Chromallocyte in Chromosome Replacement Therapy
    9. 9. <ul><li>A respirocyte is an engineering design for a machine that cannot be built with current technology: an artificial red blood cell a micron in diameter . </li></ul>What is Respirocyte?
    10. 10. Respirocytes in the bloodstream
    11. 11. <ul><li>Uncontrolled nanomachines </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoweaponery </li></ul>What are the risks of Nano science
    12. 12. <ul><li>Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) is a breakthrough science that combines principles of chemistry, biology and physics to propose microscopic devices on the nano-scale that would mechano chemically manipulate individual atoms and molecules for the purpose of constructing materials, eradicating disease, and restoring the environment; thus making the potential benefits of MNT wide-ranging and revolutionary. </li></ul>What is the potential Benefits of MNT?
    13. 13. <ul><li>ABUNDANT CLEAN ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGYERADICATING DISEASE AND EXTENDING LIFE </li></ul><ul><li>HEALING THE ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>SMART MATERIALS AND GREEN MANUFACTURING </li></ul><ul><li>HELPING THIRD WORLD NATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>COMPUTER MINIATURIZATION AND AI </li></ul><ul><li>SPACE COLONIZATION </li></ul>To Name just a few potential benefits of MNT
    14. 14. <ul><li>NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>DANGERS OF REGULATION </li></ul><ul><li>UBIQUITOUS SURVEILLANCE </li></ul><ul><li>ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND ROBOTICS </li></ul>What are the potential dangers of MNT?
    15. 15. <ul><li>The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy. In a clinical environment, another option would be externally supplied acoustic energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources of energy within the body can also be used to supply the necessary energy for the devices. </li></ul><ul><li>They will have simple onboard computers capable of performing around 1000 or fewer computations per second. This is because their computing needs are simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with the device can be achieved by  broadcast-type acoustic signaling </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>NANOWEAPONRY: THE NEWARMS RACE </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND EXISTENTIAL DANGERS </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>DANGERS OF REGULATION </li></ul><ul><li>UBIQUITOUS SURVEILLANCE </li></ul><ul><li>ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) AND ROBOTICS </li></ul>What are the potential dangers of MNT?
    17. 17. How Nanorobots Will Work The robot in this illustration swims through the arteries and veins using a pair of tail appendages.
    18. 18. Powering of nanorobots <ul><li>The powering of the nanorobots can be done by metabolizing local glucose and oxygen for energy. In a clinical environment, another option would be externally supplied acoustic energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources of energy within the body can also be used to supply the necessary energy for the devices. </li></ul><ul><li>They will have simple onboard computers capable of performing around 1000 or fewer computations per second. This is because their computing needs are simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with the device can be achieved by  broadcast-type acoustic signaling. </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Designers sometimes look at microscopic organisms for propulsion inspiration, like the Nanorobot flagellum on this e-coli cell. </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Breaking up blood clots </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Parasite Removal </li></ul><ul><li>Gout </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning wounds </li></ul>Take two bots and call me in the morning
    21. 21.
    22. 22.
    23. 23.
    24. 24. <ul><li>Devices working in the bloodstream could nibble away at arteriosclerotic deposits, widening the affected blood vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>Cell herding devices could restore artery walls and artery linings to health, by ensuring that the right cells and supporting structures are in the right places. </li></ul><ul><li>This would prevent most heart attacks. </li></ul>Treating arteriosclerosis
    25. 25.
    26. 26.
    27. 27.
    28. 28. <ul><li>FIBRE OPTICS TECHNOLOGY : Utilized in endoscopic medicine.Fiber optic instruments are introduced into the body cavity through a tiny hole made on the body to either to investigate or treat and ailments. </li></ul><ul><li>LASER TECHNOLOGY : Laser technology is utilized in cataract surgery and removal gall bladder stones. </li></ul><ul><li>TELEMEDICINE : With these facility doctors in remote areas can benefit from the expertise of the specialist urban centers. </li></ul><ul><li>SOUND WAVES : Utilized in investigative and therapeutic ultrasonography.  </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR RADIATION : Utilized in the treatment of cancer and in investigations like x-ray. </li></ul>Few potential applications
    29. 29. All of these current developments in technology directs humans a step closer to nanorobots and simple, operating nanorobots is the near future. Nanorobots can theoretically destroy all common diseases of the 2l st century thereby ending much of the pain and suffering. It can also have an alternative, practical uses such as improved mouthwash and cosmetic creams that can expand the commercial market in biomedical engineering. People can envision a future where people can self-diagnose their ‘own ailments with the help of nanorobot monitors in their bloodstream. Simple everyday illnesses can be cured without ever visiting the physician.
    30. 30. <ul><li>http:// www.azonano.com/Details.asp?ArticleID =2035 </li></ul><ul><li>Cristina Buzea, Ivan Pacheco, and Kevin Robbie (2007).  &quot;Nanomaterials and Nanoparticles : Sources and Toxicity&quot; . Biointerphases   2 : MR17. </li></ul><ul><li>N. Taniguchi (1974).  On the Basic Concept of 'Nano-Technology . Proc. Intl. Conf. Prod. London, Part II British Society of Precision Engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>Eric Drexler (1991).  Nanosystems : Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation. MIT PhD thesis . New York: Wiley. ISBN   0471575186 . </li></ul><ul><li>Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, Daniel Moore,  What is nanotechnology and why does it matter?: from science to ethics , pp.3-5, John Wiley and Sons, 2010  ISBN 1405175451 . </li></ul><ul><li>S.K. Prasad,  Modern Concepts in Nanotechnology , pp.31-32, Discovery Publishing House, 2008  ISBN 8183562965 . </li></ul><ul><li>Kahn, Jennifer (2006). &quot;Nanotechnology&quot;. National Geographic   2006  (June): 98–119. </li></ul>

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