“Journey Through
     Space”
 What the Kangxi and Qianlong
Southern Inspection Tour Scrolls
          reveal about
  Chine...
Website studies Qing Dynasty History and Culture by examining 
      Southern InspecGon Tour scrolls commissioned by  
   ...
The Manchus were foreigners
who established the Qing Dynasty after
        conquering the Ming.




     Kangxi Emperor  
...
Tradi'onal Western                                  One Point PerspecGve System  

      Depic'ons of Space  
•Concerned w...
Tradi'onal Chinese Depic'on of Space  




 ArGst Wang Hui’s  hand scrolls uGlize tradiGonal Chinese depicGons of space.  
The Hand Scroll Format 
TradiGonal Chinese Maps:   
Experience of the journey is more important than Scale             
SpaGal TransiGon Point 
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 7 




 Working with the tradiGonal Chinese concepGons of shi]ing space,  
 Wang Hui uGliz...
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 7 




Elements of the landscape and architecture are subtly revealed as they peak out of ...
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 3  




Wang Hui shows travelers disappearing into the mist as they embark upon a long jou...
Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 3  




…they eventually reappear a]er an immeasurable passage of Gme and distance. 
Expansion of  
   Qing 
  Empire 




                   Qianlong Emperor 
                   Reigned 1736‐96 

          ...
Qianlong Emperor as the BodhisaDva 
     Manjusri  (Detail), face by 
 Giuseppe Cas'glione (Lang Shining) 
 Giuseppe 
   CasGglione, 
 (Lang Shih‐ning), 
    1688‐1766 




   Introduces 
       The 
    Vanishing 
      Point 
Influence of Western PerspecGve in 
         Qianlong Scrolls 




    Qianlong Scroll Number 4 by  Xu Yang  
Qianlong Scroll Number 4 by Xu Yang




  More concerned with reproducing how the eye sees than in Kangxi scrolls. 

Xu Ya...
Qianlong Scroll Number 6 by Xu Yang




Figures diminish in size and number limiGng informaGon available to viewer. 
This presentation was complied by
                 Robert Ponzio
Chair, Fine Arts Department, Oak Hall School, Gainesville...
Traditional Chinese Vs Western Conceptions Of Space2
Traditional Chinese Vs Western Conceptions Of Space2
Traditional Chinese Vs Western Conceptions Of Space2
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Traditional Chinese Vs Western Conceptions Of Space2

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Examines Traditional Chinese Vs Western Conceptions Of Space by looking at scrolls created during Qing Dynasty China.

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Traditional Chinese Vs Western Conceptions Of Space2

  1. 1. “Journey Through Space” What the Kangxi and Qianlong Southern Inspection Tour Scrolls reveal about Chinese and Western Concep'ons of   SPACE  Robert Ponzio  Chair, Fine Arts  Oak Hall School  Gainesville, FL 
  2. 2. Website studies Qing Dynasty History and Culture by examining  Southern InspecGon Tour scrolls commissioned by   Emperor Kangxi and Emperor Qianlong 
  3. 3. The Manchus were foreigners who established the Qing Dynasty after conquering the Ming. Kangxi Emperor   Reigned 1662‐1722  Portrait of the Kangxi Emperor as a Young Man, Anonymous
  4. 4. Tradi'onal Western   One Point PerspecGve System   Depic'ons of Space   •Concerned with reproducing how the eye sees  • Image has fixed edges  •Organized based on receding vanishing points  •ArGst controls viewer vantage point           GenGle Bellini’s “Procession in Piazza San Marco”, 1496 
  5. 5. Tradi'onal Chinese Depic'on of Space   ArGst Wang Hui’s  hand scrolls uGlize tradiGonal Chinese depicGons of space.  
  6. 6. The Hand Scroll Format 
  7. 7. TradiGonal Chinese Maps:    Experience of the journey is more important than Scale             
  8. 8. SpaGal TransiGon Point 
  9. 9. Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 7  Working with the tradiGonal Chinese concepGons of shi]ing space,   Wang Hui uGlizes a thick fog to fade out from one scene to the next.    This creaGve means of transiGoning impressed upon the viewer   the percepGon of the passing of Gme.   
  10. 10. Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 7  Elements of the landscape and architecture are subtly revealed as they peak out of  the mist, allowing the viewer to gain a sense of traveling over a great distance.    As the mist ulGmately disappears, we then find ourselves in the next town. 
  11. 11. Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 3   Wang Hui shows travelers disappearing into the mist as they embark upon a long journey…  
  12. 12. Mist / TransiGon‐ Kangxi Scroll 3   …they eventually reappear a]er an immeasurable passage of Gme and distance. 
  13. 13. Expansion of   Qing  Empire  Qianlong Emperor  Reigned 1736‐96  Inaugura'on Portrait of Qianlong (Detail)  Giuseppe Cas'glione (Lang Shining), 1736 
  14. 14. Qianlong Emperor as the BodhisaDva  Manjusri  (Detail), face by   Giuseppe Cas'glione (Lang Shining) 
  15. 15.  Giuseppe  CasGglione,   (Lang Shih‐ning),  1688‐1766  Introduces  The  Vanishing  Point 
  16. 16. Influence of Western PerspecGve in  Qianlong Scrolls  Qianlong Scroll Number 4 by  Xu Yang  
  17. 17. Qianlong Scroll Number 4 by Xu Yang More concerned with reproducing how the eye sees than in Kangxi scrolls.  Xu Yang maintains consistent vanishing points throughout duraGon of scroll.  
  18. 18. Qianlong Scroll Number 6 by Xu Yang Figures diminish in size and number limiGng informaGon available to viewer. 
  19. 19. This presentation was complied by Robert Ponzio Chair, Fine Arts Department, Oak Hall School, Gainesville in response to the workshop: University of Florida - Asia Studies

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