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Geography of Bihar by Eithasab Ahmed


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Location, culture and festivals practiced in Bihar.

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Geography of Bihar by Eithasab Ahmed

  1. 1. By Eithasab Ahmed GEOGRAPHY OF BIHAR
  2. 2.  Upper northeast corner of India, right before it gets squeezed between Bhutan and Bangladesh.  Many important rivers pass through Bihar.  In the southern foothills of the Himalaya Mountain Range, touching Nepal. Bihar is the tan state within the red shape.
  3. 3.  It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, Northern part of West Bengal to the east and by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east. Bihar has forest area of 6,764.14 km2, which is 7.2% of its geographical area
  4. 4.  Bihar is an Indo-Gangetic plain. so, naturally fertile soil is found.  The soil in Bihar is Gangetic alluvium.  This soil is deficient in phosphoric acid, nitrogen, humus, but potash and lime present in sufficient quantity.
  5. 5.  Bihar is a vast stretch of fertile land, drained by the Ganges river, which flows through the middle from west to east.  Other Ganges tributaries are the Son , Budhi Gandak, Chandan Orhani and Phalgu.  The Himalayas begin at foothills a short distance inside Nepal but influence Bihar’s landforms.
  6. 6.  Bihar has notified forest area of 6764.14 KM which is 7.1%of its geographical area.  The hot and dry summer gives the deciduous forests which consists of shrub, grass and reeds and the rainfall is above 1,600mm.  The most important trees are Shorea, Robusta(sal), Shisham, Cadrela Toona, Khair and Semal.
  7. 7.  Ajay river, Bagmati, Budhi, Gandak, Bhutahi, Balan, Ganges, Ghagra, Phalgu,Kamala, Karmanasha, Kosi river, Mahananda, Punpun, sapt, Son river.  Waterfalls:- Kakolat, Telhar, Karkat.  Lake:-Anupam and Kharagpur
  8. 8. Kanhar river
  9. 9. Rihand river
  10. 10.  Rajgir  Bateshwar  Kaimur range  Bhamayoni hills  Pratetshila, Ramshiela hills.
  11. 11. Rajgir hills
  12. 12.  Bihar is cold in winter, the lowest temperature around 0-10 Celsius. Winter months are December and January.  It is hot in the summer with average temperature around 35-40 degree Celsius.  April to mid June are the hot months.  The monsoon months june-september see good rainfall.  October and November, February and march have pleasant climate.
  13. 13. Classification ETh Avg. temperature 27 °C (81 °F) • Summer 34 °C (93 °F) • Winter 10 °C (50 °F) Precipitation 1,200 mm (47 in
  14. 14.  Flood:-Bihar is India’s most flood prone state with 76% of the population in the north Bihar living under the recurring threat of flood devastation.  Earthquake, drought and famine.
  15. 15.  2 crop seasons: Kharif & Rabi  Major crops: ◦ Rice ◦ Sugar ◦ Tobacco ◦ Wheat ◦ Jute  Other minor crops: ◦ Chilli ◦ Mango ◦ Oil Seeds
  16. 16. India's only sanctuary for the endangered species, the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, is in Bihar's Bhagalpur district, around 235 km from here. Ganga dolphin research Centre, the first such center in the country, was set up in the Bihar capital.
  17. 17.  According to sources in the wildlife department in Patna, the tiger population has decreased in the state in the last five years.  Last month, a special census was conducted to count the number of tigers in the Valmiki Tiger Project in the West Champaran district.  The census was conducted following the directive of the central forest ministry in the wake of reports of the disappearance of tigers in several of India's wildlife reserves.
  18. 18.  Hinduism  Buddhism  Jainism
  19. 19. Religion Population Hindu 66,076,919 Muslim 16,722,048 Christian 53,137 Sikh 20,780 Buddhist 18,818 Jain 16,085 Other 52,905 not stated 37,817 Total 82,998,509
  20. 20.  Chhath ◦ Worship of the Sun God  Teej ◦ Worship of Goddess Parvati