Pre reading strategies


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Literacy strategies helpful to math teachers in instructing content classes. Strategies are helpful to any teachers, but examples used pertain to math.

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Pre reading strategies

  1. 1. Pre-Reading Strategies RICA
  2. 2. Identify Characters and Setting Activate Schema• Garrett and Chelsea • Who are the went to a movie. Tickets characters? were $4.25 each. • What is the setting?• How much change did • Activating the Garrett receive if he buying/getting change paid for both tickets schema with a $10 bill?
  3. 3. Identify Main Idea, Implied Main Idea, Supporting Details• The main idea of math problem can be thought of as the skill to solve it.• Students often need to use the information in the details (facts)to make an inference.• Example: Liam is replacing the tiles in his foyer. He is using 1 square foot tiles. The entry is 6 feet by 6 feet. How many tiles does he need for the foyer? (area problem)
  4. 4. Make an Inference or Draw a Conclusion• Math problems often need more than what is explicitly written.• Example: Samantha and 3 friends went to Pizza Palace. They all chose the buffet combo meal for lunch. Each buffet combo meal is $4.50. How much did they pay for lunch?• $13.50? No. There are 4 people!
  5. 5. Reading Rate and Metacognition• Adjust reading rate for your purpose• Rereading is a good strategy of a good reader• Think aloud or self talk
  6. 6. Adjusting Reading Rate• Reading is not a race to “The End”!• Teach adjusting rate explicitly.• Model, model, model.• Analogy: – Tourist – Detective – Reviewer
  7. 7. DRTA- Directed Reading-Thinking Activity• Steps of DRTA 1.Make prediction from title clues. 2.Make predictions from picture clues. 3.Read the material. 4.Assess the accuracy of the predictions. Make adjustments and continue for longer reading tasks.
  8. 8. DRTA- Directed Reading-Thinking Activity• Predict from the title.• Predict from the pictures/ graphics.
  9. 9. Preview/Survey• It’s like a picture walk or book walk…• It activates prior knowledge.• It helps the reader set the purpose for reading.
  10. 10. Without a Preview/Survey
  11. 11. With Preview/Survey
  12. 12. Reaction Guides• Teacher creates 3 to 7 statements about the material, hitting key concepts.• Students read the statements and respond- yes/no, true/false, agree/disagree, etc.• “I don’t know” is not acceptable.• Students share and discuss.• Read material. Revisit statements…Prove it
  13. 13. Sample Reaction GuideFrom Hershey’s Weights and Measures: __ 1. A mile is more than 12,000 Hershey’s Milk Chocolate bars with almonds long. __ 2. An almond weighs about a gram. __ 3. A miniature candy bar is about an inch each. __ 4. One Reese’s piece is about a centimeter.
  14. 14. Mysterious Possibilities• Teacher selects “mysterious” item–object, photo, picture, etc.• Teacher shares item with class…• Students are asked to solve the mystery by brainstorming and predicting the connection between topic and item.• Teacher generates list, springboards to lesson.
  15. 15. Webbing or Clustering• Common strategy What do we know? What predictions do we have? What connections can we make? What questions do we have?• Also used during and after reading.
  16. 16. Story Impressions • Story Chain • Story PredictionPythagoras Pythagoras was a Greek mathematician who lived in 650Greek BC. He is credited with650 discovering the property of right triangles. The hypotenuse is theProperty longest side of a right triangle;Right triangles the other two sides are called legs. What makes hisHypotenuse Pythagorean Theorem so cool isLegs the area of a square drawn on the hypotenuse equals the sum ofArea the area of the two squaresSquare drawn on the legs!Sum
  17. 17. Problematic PerspectivesYou recently acquired a job with Alaska Air in their European division. You are excited and ready to prove your abilities! The first task you are assigned is to determine the average speed of a new plane which might be brought into the line. It took 2 ½ hours in its test flight which covered 1280 kilometers. Is its average speed better or worse than the planes already used which fly 2500 kilometers in 3 hours?What will you do first? 2nd? 3rd? Later? Why? What will your report’s conclusion be?
  18. 18. Prediction GuideDirections: Put a check under “Likely” if you believe that the statement has any mathematical truth. Put a check under “Unlikely” if you believe it has no mathematical truth. Be ready to explain your choices.Likely Unlikely Trigonometry deals with circles. Angles have little importance in trigonometry. Sailors use trigonometry in navigation. Angles can be measured only in degrees. Calculators are useless in trigonometry. Trigonometry deals with triangles. Trigonometry has no application in the real world. Radians are used in measuring central angles. Trigonometry has scientific uses. Radians can be converted to degrees.