Age slide 2-3 gender slide 4-5 height
slide 6-7 how they died (mortems)
slide 8-9 fun sites, slide 10
Skeletons are good age markers because teeth and
bones mature at fairly predictable rates. For
toddlers to teenagers up to age 21, teeth are the
most accurate age indicators. Some of the best
indicators of adult age are in the pelvis.
A baby's bones begin to grow in the womb. At
birth, the skeleton is partially formed
At birth, the ends of the long bones are mainly
cartilage, with centers of bone beginning to form
Some (almost the whole skeleton) the bones are not
The wear and tear of the bones and the back of the
skull can also tell, the more wear and tear there
is, the older the person is and the skull, if the skull
is not completely fused, then they are younger then
21, if it is fused, they are 21 or older.
-how to find the
gender of a skeleton is simple, there are
many ways, but the two major easy ways are the pelvis ad
-the pelvis is the easiest because if the pelvis is wider and
easier to move your thumb around in, then it is a female
because a female needs a wide pelvis to carry child birth.
-a males pelvis is small and hard to move your thumb
because a pelvis is made for locomotion.
-A skull is hard, but yet easy to find gender. If the skull
had a broad brow ridge and a square chin, it’s a male, if its
more petite, then it is a female.
Determining the height of a skeleton involves
reassembling the skeleton and measuring the length of
By adding 10-11cm or four inches onto the bone
length, it accounts for the missing tissue and muscle.
The longer the bone is, the better and more accurate
the estimate will be, so the femur is measured first
The human height measures roughly two and two thirds
the length of the femur, though it also depends on the
race and sex of the skeleton.
Longer the femur, the taller the person.
Ante mortem is before death, like a
broken bone or a bullet trapped around
the bone because the bone grew around
Per mortem is at the time of death, like
what killed them
Post mortem is after time of death, an
injury that occurs after the death