Latin I lesson 05 share

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Second Declension Nouns (

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Latin I lesson 05 share

  1. 1. Latin 1 / Intro to Latin<br />A study of the Latin language and the history, culture, and geography of ancient Rome<br />
  2. 2. Imperfect Tense<br />Imperfect = not completed<br />An action which was going on or was habitual in the past.<br />
  3. 3. Imperfect Tense – Translation to English<br />He was loving, he used to love, he kept on loving, he loved continually, he loved habitually<br />
  4. 4. Verb formation<br />Latin verbs: stem + tense sign + personal ending<br />The present tense has no sign, so it is just stem + ending<br />ama + nt = amant<br />They love, they are loving<br />
  5. 5. Latin verbs: stem + tense sign + personal ending<br />Imperfect tense sign = ba<br />Ama + ba + nt = amabant<br />They used to love, they were loving, they kept on loving<br />Verb formation – Imperfect<br />
  6. 6. Second Declension<br />No new concepts – just new endings<br />
  7. 7. Second Declension – Gender<br />Masculine<br />Neuter<br />
  8. 8. Second Declension – Stem<br />Just like First Declension – chop off the ending<br />servus, servī, M: servant, slave<br />serv ī<br />stem = serv<br />
  9. 9. Figuring out Nominative Plural<br />What is the plural or nucleus, radius, octopus, cactus, focus, alumnus, syllabus, fungus?<br />What is the plural of millennium, curriculum?<br />What does data mean?<br />What is the plural of data?<br />What about bacteria?<br />
  10. 10. Second Declension – Endings<br />Note: for neuter words, Nominative = Accusative<br />All declensions<br />Always<br />
  11. 11. Second Declension – Declined<br />servus, servī, M: servant, slave<br />
  12. 12. Second Declension – Declined<br />verbum, verbī, N: word<br />
  13. 13.  Second Declension – Vocab<br />servus, servi, M:<br />filius, filii, M:<br />amicus, amici, M:<br />deus, dei, M:<br />annus, anni, M:<br />dominus, domini, M:<br />equus, equi, M: <br />mundus, mundi, M: <br />bellum, belli, N: <br />templum, temple, N: <br />verbum, verbi, N: <br />donum, doni, N:<br />servant, slave<br />son<br />friend (amica for female)<br />god (dea for goddess)<br />year<br />lord, master<br />horse<br />world<br />war<br />temple<br />word<br />gift <br />
  14. 14. Italia (Italy)<br /> Graecia (Greece)<br />Sicilia (Sicily)<br />
  15. 15. Tiber River<br /><ul><li> Rome
  16. 16. Ostia</li></li></ul><li>What is an adjective?<br />An adjective is a word which modifies a noun.<br />Examples:<br />the happy boy<br />the funny girl<br />an exciting vacation<br />a beautiful gift<br />an excellent sword<br />the fast horse<br />
  17. 17. Adjectives in Latin<br />Bad news – just like nouns, you have to decline adjectives<br />Good news – adjectives use the same endings as nouns!<br />
  18. 18. Adjectives in Latin<br />Adjectives can follow:<br />1st & 2nd Declension Endings<br />3rd Declension Endings<br />
  19. 19. Endings for 1st & 2nd Declension Adjectives<br />
  20. 20. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in:<br />Case<br />Number<br />Gender<br />
  21. 21. Adjectives - Vocab<br />bonus, bona, bonum:<br />malus, mala, malum:<br />magnus, magna, magnum:<br />parvus, parva, parvum:<br />laetus, laeta, laetum:<br />clārus, clāra, clārum:<br />good<br />evil, bad, wicked<br />large, big, great<br />small, little<br />happy<br />bright, clear, famous<br />
  22. 22. Adjectives - Vocab<br />bonus, -a, -um:<br />malus, -a, -um:<br />magnus, -a, -um:<br />parvus, -a, -um:<br />laetus, -a, -um:<br />clārus, -a, -um:<br />good<br />evil, bad, wicked<br />large, big, great<br />small, little<br />happy<br />bright, clear, famous<br />
  23. 23. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Little sons (nominative)<br />Sons<br />filius, filiī, M<br />Nominative Plural Masculine<br />fili + ī = filiī<br />Small<br />parvus, parva, parvum<br />Nominative Plural Masculine<br />parv + ī = parvī<br />Parvīfiliī.<br />
  24. 24. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />Large temples (dative)<br />Temples<br />templum, templī, N<br />Dative Plural Neuter<br />templ + īs = templīs<br />Large<br />magnus, magna, magnum<br />Dative Plural Neuter<br />magn + īs = magnīs<br />Magnīstemplīs.<br />
  25. 25. Adjective/Noun Agreement<br />The teacher praises the good girl.<br />Girl<br />Case: Accusative<br />Number: Singular<br />Gender: Feminine<br />puellam<br />Good<br />Accusative, Singular, Feminine<br />bonam<br />bonampuellam<br />Magistrabonampuellamlaudat.<br />

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