IEEE Wireless Communication Engineering Technology (WCET) Ray-Guang Cheng, Professor, Dept. of Electronic and Computer Eng., NTUST
Outline• Before introduction …• Overview of IEEE WCET Program• WCET @ Taiwan
The Whole Story • 1997.10~1998.1, TMN GSM Network Optimization – Meet a young consultant• 1999.7~9: Representative of ITRI for 3GPP standard meeting – Meet a senior engineer and WG Chair• 2005~: IEEE & 3GPP standard meeting – Meet lots of domain experts• 2007, Focus Group Participant of WCET – Heard WCET for the first time• 2012.12: NSC Project – Introduce WECT as our main target
FAQ• For certification: – “just wondering what is the importance of the certificate” “for experienced engineers, they can proof themselves based on achievements done .... so the motivation to get such certificate is very little” “I dont think the company would regard this as a must” – “if an employee can spend time on their work and get their work done, the manager knows and the employee would get what they deserve” – “this certificate may be useful for a new graduate” – “maybe works for some people who want to change their career/specialties”
FAQ• For training: – “HR told us that the training expense will be covered by our BU. Some engineers show their interest in attending this course. But the course is too expensive for us.” “We don’t know whether the course is really good for our engineers. So I may not support this.” – “two types of training are available on the marketing. One is to know a new technology and the other is to learn new skill… I think the main question is that whether the audience’s skill set can improve or not after taking this course.”•
FAQ• For training: – “maybe its good for FAE and PM. I guess most of engineers would agree with you on this points” – “The course covers a lot of things. I am not sure if a student can learn everything in 3 days.”
Some Quotes from IEEE Staff • Ill start with the overall target group for both WCET and training --- engineers who are currently working in the wireless industry -- could be manufacturing, services, consulting, systems, equipment, government, testing. We have had engineers who wanted to know more about the scope of wireless, engineering marketers who needed to understand how wireless equipment and systems function together, those wishing to enter a new field of telecom, managers challenging their engineering staff, and those engineers looking for proof of their expertise. Motivations can be unusual. Yet Id say that most want to include it on a resume to help with employment searches or with an RFP or contract negotiation -- to support their positions as being current in the field. Some companies have used WCET for continuing education and purchased multiple seats. Fear of failure is a handicap.
Some Quotes from IEEE Staff • Data indicates that about half of engineering school graduates have a bachelors degree while the remainder go on for additional higher education -- a Masters or Doctorate. The exam and the training have been constructed for those with a bachelors degree and three years of experience in the field. (Frankly our feedback indicates the exam is challenging and perhaps more rigorous than originally intended.) As you know, the certification is trans -national and vendor-neutral. Our experience with universities indicate that wireless engineering does not have common curricula -- if there is a university program available -- and academic courses rarely cover implementation of technologies.
Some Quotes from IEEE Staff • Whoever successfully negotiates the WCET exam has clearly demonstrated a real-world knowledge of wireless and how to apply that knowledge in the workplace. The credential is valid, although not as well known as we would like it to be. We can go to our surveys and feedback and select quotes from candidates which indicate that preparing for the exam and attaining the credential have helped in employment, either as a clear indication of a broader capability than that which is needed for the current position or a complement to experience or as a credential that would be used to hire. There is an alumni group on FB which discuss issues, including employment.
Some Quotes from IEEE Staff • The training is broader than the exam and we view it as a gateway to the exam. Almost 700 registrants took wireless training courses from us last year, either in-person or virtually via the online option. Again attendee feedback indicates a very high level of satisfaction. All of our instructors hold the WCP credential. CEUs are issued for course attendees. In 2013, we anticipate new courses, updates on current courses, 50% increase in registrants and more in-person venues for courses. We have high expectations for ComSoc training. Most competitive, commercial courses appear to be much more expensive than ours. A one day virtual course for US$300 is considered very reasonable. Informa charges over US$2,000 for a 3 day telecom course.
Challenges • Can we demonstrate the value of WCET?• Can we provide an affordable price for those who are interesting in this program?
WCET Certification - WhyCreated to help: “WCP certification greatly helps to communicate my capabilities – Address the to others; … preparing for and continuing education maintaining the certification needs of wireless has been great for my continuing education and communications broadening my background. professionals The certification procedure also – Meet industry’s need helps me to understand my strengths and weaknesses in the for qualified wireless field.” professionals - Chris Barroso IEEE Wireless Communications Professional ® San Diego, CA, USA
WCET Certification - Intent“I manage a team of • IEEE WCET Certificationengineers ... I would likely usequestions such as those effectively measures skillsposed in the WCET exam to and knowledge used infilter out candidates … I would contemporary practicemake hiring decisionsbased, at least in part, on • Successful candidatesWCET results.” - Subramanian Vasudevan earn the credentialIEEE Wireless Communications Professional ® Whippany, NJ, USA “Wireless Communication Professional” (WCP)
Who Qualifies?“Wireless technology and • Primarily designed for wirelesspractice requires that almost any communication professionalstask performed involves intuition, who:knowledge, and context in a – Hold a bachelor’s degree from anbroad range of areas even when accredited institutionthe task is very specific. TheWCET exam provides – Have at least three years ofprofessional recognition for professional wireless engineering experiencethose individuals who have thenecessary breadth and can be • Can help those working in othercounted on as effectivepractitioners in the engineering, areas switch to the wireless fielddeployment, or operation of • Candidates self-select; no one iswireless systems.” excluded from taking this exam - Adam DrobotWCET Industry Advisory Board Member formerly Telcordia
WCPs: Why I Got Certified• To help increase and “Congratulations and well done demonstrate my knowledge of on gaining this certification. wireless communications Now that you have gained• To gain an industry- this qualification it is time to acknowledged credential to consider introducing the help advance my career WCET certification program to the team for others to• To demonstrate my aspire to do the same and add commitment to the wireless this credential to their industry and the profession professional development plans.”• To understand my strengths in - Ian Rose the field and broaden my BT Design, UK Congratulatory note to a member of his background staff upon passing the exam
How is WCET Different?• Vendor-neutral• Trans-national• WCET focus is explicitly on the knowledge and on-the-job experience that a practicing wireless communications professional needs to be successful globally in this industry
Top 5 Reasons for Organizations to Support WCET"Started a consulting 1. WCP credential holders have demonstrated a thoroughpractice in wireless knowledge of wirelesscommunications, engineering technologyspecializing in point to concepts.point connections ...I felt that this 2. WCP credential holders have shown their skill in applyingcertification would this knowledge to practicalenhance my problems.qualifications withnew clients." 3. WCP credential holders have - TomLavrisa, IEEE WCP successfully responded to a Kanata, ON, Canada significant challenge in earning the credential.
Top 5 Reasons for Organizations to Support WCET“WCET certification 4. Investing in employeesdistinguishes me as a aids in retaining them.wireless expert. Forcustomers, thecertification helps 5. Supporting the WCPprovide a level of trust credential makes athat they are being powerful statement toadvised by a certified customers about thewireless engineer." caliber of your people - Jeff Smith, IEEE WCP Cisco Systems, Inc. and your commitment to Englewood, CO, USA best practices.
Exam Specifics• Examination Details – Four-hour, 150-question multiple-choice exam – Given at secure computer-based testing centers – Over 500 testing sites in 75 countries worldwide• Examination Fees – US$450 for IEEE and ComSoc members – US$500 for non-members – Includes application fee, seat fee, score report• Set the date of your exam during the exam window at a testing center local to you• Competitive pass rate; this is a difficult exam – preparation is required and necessary for success• Earning the WCP carries significant weight in the industry
Resources• Online Practice Exam – US$50.00 – Understand your areas of strength and where you could use some extra work• ComSoc Training – www.comsoc.org/training – Get up to speed quickly while learning from experts in the field – Member discounts / Group pricing – Offer a combination Exam Seat + 5 day Course for one low price / one invoice
Candidate’s Handbook • FREE on request – To help you determine if getting IEEE WCET Certified is right for you • Provides insight on: – Subject areas covered – Application procedures – Sample references – Sample questions – Contact information • Electronic & print versions available
WEBOK• Second Edition released October 2012; published by Wiley• Covers seven key areas in wireless with detailed references at the end of each chapter• 1st edition sold over 2,000 copies• $75 USD
FREE Resources Over 6,500 opt-in subscribers and growing!• Bi-monthly news service designed to help you manage your career by bringing you up-to-date information on the wireless industry• Free ComSoc Webinars• Visit www.ieee-wcet.org to access: – Glossary of common wireless communication terms – List of sample references – Sample test questions – List of known training providers
Please visit IEEE ComSoc and WCET websites for more info• Visit www.ieee.org for info about IEEE• Visit www.comsoc.org for info about IEEE ComSoc• Visit www.ieee-wcet.org for info about IEEE WCET and access to: – Glossary of common wireless communication terms – List of sample references – Sample test questions – List of known training providers• Visit ieee-wcet.ntust.edu.tw for info about IEEE WCET @ Taiwan
Areas of Expertise• Area 1 (19-23%) - RF Engineering, Propagation, Antennas, and Signal Processing: – Tasks and knowledge related to: antennas, RF engineering, transmission, reception, propagation, channel modeling, and signal processing. – Evaluate system performance and reliability; calculate path loss; evaluate the effects of different fading and empirical path loss models; calculate and evaluate the effects on the received signal of path-related impairments; determine parameters related to antennas or antenna arrays; generate and evaluate coverage and interference prediction maps; develop and analyze procedure to optimize the coverage of a radio; make RF system measurements.
Areas of Expertise• Area 2 (19-23%) - Wireless Access Technologies: – Tasks and knowledge related to wireless access networks, especially the physical, MAC, and link layers. – Analyze building blocks, multiple access, mobility management, and spectrum implications in wireless access system design; analyze design considerations to optimize capacity/coverage; design and analyze a wireless access system; analyze the required bandwidth for a wireless system and tradeoffs; analyze wireless access technology standards, their features, and evolution.
Areas of Expertise• Area 3 (19-23%) - Network and Service Architecture: – Tasks and knowledge related to network infrastructure, including core networks; service frameworks such as IMS; and application architectures such as voice, video streaming, and messaging. All-IP services architecture as in 3GPP Rel 6 and beyond, including Enhanced Packet Services (EPS) as in 3GPP Rel 8 LTE (Long Term Evolution) and EPC (Enhanced Packet Core). – Analyze service platforms, IP addressing schemes for various technologies; design and test quality of service (QoS); select and test a load-balancing scheme; analyze IP routing and ad hoc routing and mesh protocols; perform capacity planning, error tracking, and trace analysis; analyze the evolution of mobile networks to enable IP multimedia.
Areas of Expertise• Area 4 (11-15%) - Network Management and Security: – Tasks and knowledge related to fault, configuration, account, performance, maintenance, security management, management availability, and operation support systems (examples include network service assurance and provisioning). – Design a fault monitoring system and a performance monitoring system; develop/specify types and methods of alarm reporting; compute availability and reliability metrics; assess the potential impacts of known security attacks; plan corresponding solutions to known security attacks.
Areas of Expertise• Area 5 (6-8%) - Facilities Infrastructure: – Tasks and knowledge related to the speciﬁcation, design, implementation, and operation of facilities and sites. – Determine power consumption; analyze electrical protection requirements and design the electrical protection layout for a wireless telecommunications facility; determine the required antennas for the facility and their positions; develop a speciﬁcation for the required structure for a wireless base station facility; determine the required cable, antennas, and materials to implement an in-building wireless network; evaluate equipment compliance with industry standards, codes, and site requirements.
Areas of Expertise• Area 6 (6-8%) - Agreements, Standards, Policies, and Regulations: – Tasks and knowledge related to externally imposed compliance requirements and conformance testing, including interoperability. – Assess service and equipment quality; prepare speciﬁcations for purchasing services and equipment and evaluate the responses; verify compliance with regulatory requirements; select and analyze frequency assignments; perform standardized homologation tests as required by regulatory or standardization bodies; evaluate compliance with health, safety, and environmental requirements; perform conformance /interoperability analyses of systems and components; analyze the use of licensed vs. unlicensed spectrum; obtain licenses and permits.
Areas of Expertise• Area 7 (8-12%) - Fundamental Knowledge: – Basic knowledge that a wireless communications engineer would use in order to perform tasks across all domains. – Apply basic concepts related to electrical engineering, communications systems, and general engineering management.
WCET Training• 3-Day In-Person Course – Get up to date on RF Engineering, Propagation and Antennas; Wireless Access Technologies; Network and Service Architectures; Wireless Network Management and Security; Infrastructure and Wireless Communication; Agreements, Standards, Policies and Regulations; as well as your Basic Fundamental Knowledge. – This course reviews and delves into areas every professional working in wireless should be proficient in.
Intensive Wireless 3-‐Day In-‐Person Course Communica;ons Engineering: GLOBECOM 2012 Current Prac;ces Dec. 2-‐4, CA -‐ USA REGISTRATION: $1600 non-‐member / $1450 member EARLY registra?on discounted price: $1500 non-‐member / $1350 member Instructor: Lee Vishloff Lee Vishloff lives in Vancouver Canada. He has over 30 years of experience in telecom and wireless design. He has spent the majority of his career managing teams and providing technical leadership for various industries including wireless, satellite, telecom, semiconductors, consulting and fiber optics. He has worked in numerous technical areas including wireless system design, product design, analog, RF, digital, embedded firmware, modems and satellite equipment. In addition to his extensive R&D management experience, he has experience managing patent portfolios, standards, product research and university research. Mr. Vishloff has served on numerous joint industry-academic committees and boards including the TR Labs Board, BCIT Tech Centre Advisory Committee, UBC ECE Advisory Committee, and the Micronet Coordinating Committee.
Day 1 - 9:00am - 5:00pm• 9:00am: Introduction and Welcome 9:15am - 10:00am: Fundamentals Review 10:00am - 11:45pm: RF Engineering, Propagation and Antennas 11:45am - 12:00pm: Q/A (Topics covered include: Antenna basics and parameters; directivity, gain and effective aperture; antenna polarization and bandwidth; antenna types and diversity; phased arrays, beamforming, and smart antennas, MIMO.) 12:00-1:00pm: Lunch 1:00pm - 4:45pm: RF Engineering, Propagation and Antennas continues 4:45pm - 5:00pm: Q/A (Radio Wave Propagation topics of lecture include: Line of Sight transmission theory; free space loss with a focus on the Friis Transmission Formula and Link Budget; spectrum and regulatory bodies; propagation environments; and software modeling tools. RF Transmission System & Engineering - the Superheteordyne Receiver; Receiver sensitivity; frequency conversion process; receiver dynamic range; filter and selectivity; receiver phase noise; direct conversion & other receivers; detector & demodulator are some of the concepts discussed.)
Day 2 - 9:00am - 5:00pm• 9:00am - 11:45am: Wireless Access Technologies 11:45am - 12:00pm: Q/A (Learn about access technology attributes and evolution; mobile cellular standards and technology evolution; gain an introduction to IEEE Wireless Technologies; satellite communications attributes, other wireless systems; spectrum considerations, tends and the future) 12:00pm - 1:00pm: Lunch 1:00pm - 4:45pm: Network and Service Architectures 4:45pm - 5:00pm: Q/A (Review fundamental networking concepts; IP networking fundamentals, including IPv6; mobility management; 802.11-based WLAN network fundamentals; basics of teletraffic analysis. In this section Cellular network architectures (Functional requirements; network elements and functions; network protocols; examples of signalling for call delivery, roaming, etc.; packet data services in 2G cellular systems) are addressed as is how we are moving towards an all IP-Core Network (Technologies for QoS support and VoIP transport; SIP signalling; cellular network evolution to all-IP core network architectures; IP Multimedia Subsystem; LTEs Evolved Packet Core. Additionally, service architectures and alternative • 9:00am - 11:45am: architectures (IMS; service creation and architectures, including Parlay/OSA concepts; mesh networks; ad hoc Wireless Access Technologies examined.) networks; satellite networks) are 11:45am - 12:00pm: Q/A
Day 3 - 10:00am - 5:00pm• 10:00am - 11:45am: Wireless Network Management and Security 11:45am - 12:00: Q/A (Gain a deeper understanding of Network Management: Motivation, Internet protocol suite and SNMP; network management attributes; ITU TMN, FCAPS and Layers; reference architecture and interfaces; business process framework; network management evolution. Under Security learn about: Basic concepts; wireless security; WiFi security; cellular security [GSM, UMTS, LTE]). 12:00- 1:00pm: Lunch 1:00pm - 2:30pm: Wireless Network Management and Security continues 2:30pm - 2:45pm: 15 minute break; 2:45pm - 3:45pm: Facilities Infrastructure (The Infrastructure and Wireless Communication part of the course delves into wireless base station equipment; site development, and industry standards.) 3:45pm -4:45pm: Agreements, Standards and Policies 4:45pm - 5:00pm: Q/A
IEEE ComSoc & NTUST Partnership • IEEE ComSoc and NTUST believe that they share common objectives and perspectives to provide recognized credentials for those practicing in the wireless field and to ascertain that those who successfully complete certification processes will be qualified to work in the wireless communication engineering field. • As such, ComSoc enters into a Franchise agreement today with the NTUST for the purpose of NTUST representing the IEEE WCET exam and associated products in Taiwan.
2013 Exam Dates• 考試時間： – Spring • Application Deadline: 22 March • Testing Window: 7 April – 4 May – Fall • Application Deadline: 13 September • Testing Window: 29 September – 2 November• 考場地點： 語言訓練測驗中心 (LTTC), 務必攜帶護照 – 台北考場:台北市辛亥路2段170號一樓107室 (位於台大校總區語文大樓內，由台大 辛亥路側門進入較近) – 高雄考場:高雄市中正3路2號7樓（位於美國在台協會高雄辦事處樓上）
WCET Training Course• 課程名稱：Basics of RF Propagation, Analysis, and Design for IEEE WCET Certification• 上課時間： 2010/2/1~2010/2/4及2010/2/8~2010/2/11, 9:00am~1:30pm (28 hrs.)• 上課地點：遠傳電訊教育中心• 上課方式：即時線上教學• 上課人數：10~15人• 上課對象：通訊相關科系，大學(含)以上，擁有通訊相 關產學業經驗，英文佳• 報名費用：每人新台幣6萬元(含講義、午餐、茶點)
WCET Training Course• 課程名稱：Wireless Communications Engineering: Current Practices• 上課日期：Dec. 2-4, 2012 (9:00AM-5:00PM, 20 hrs.)• 上課地點：GLOBECOM 2012, Anaheim, CA - USA• 報名費用： On/By 2 November 2012: $1,350 IEEE/ComSoc member/$1,500 non-member After 2 November 2012: $1,450 IEEE/ComSoc member/$1,600 non-member• 教材：講師的投影片講義以及The Wireless Engineering Body of Knowledge (WEBOK), 2nd edition.
WCET Training Course• 課程名稱：Wireless Communications Engineering: Current Practices• 上課時間：Feb. 21~23, 2013, (9:00am~5:00pm, 20 hrs.)• 上課地點：台科大國際大樓• 上課方式：IEEE認證講師親自授課• 上課人數：10~25人• 上課對象：通訊相關科系，大學(含)以上，擁有通訊相關 產學業經驗，英文佳• 教材：講師的投影片講義，以及The Wireless Engineering Body of Knowledge (WEBOK), 2nd edition. (75USD)
Intensive Wireless 3-‐Day In-‐Person Course Communica;ons Engineering: 21-‐23 February 2013 Current Prac;ces IB 202, NTUST REGISTRATION: $1600 non-‐member / $1450 member EARLY registra?on discounted price: $1500 non-‐member / $1350 member Instructor: Daniel Wong, President, Daniel Wireless LLC K. Daniel Wong is President of Daniel Wireless LLC, a California-registered company that provides consulting and training in wireless, networking and software. He has over 18 years experience in wireless communications, both in industry and academia. His research work has covered a wide range of areas in wireless communications and has been widely published in top journals and conferences. Daniel is also an experienced speaker and teacher, having taught many highly-rated university level courses, industry short courses and tutorials at conferences, to a wide range of students from industry, government and academia. He is a member of the Practice Analysis Task Force that helped create IEEE’s WCET certification program, and a co-author and co-editor of IEEE’s Wireless Engineering Book of Knowledge (WEBOK). Daniel is also the author of Wireless Internet Telecommunications (Artech House, 2004) and Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Engineering Technologies (Wiley, 2012).
Chances• We provide an affordable price for those who are interesting in this program.• To demonstrate the value of WCET – We will implement WCET at NTUST and demonstrate its value through our students. – Your participation is the key to success.