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The Effects of Chronic Multitasking
on Analytical Writing
Danielle Lottridge, Christine Rosakranse, Catherine Oh,
Sean Wes...
definition:
!
!
!
!
!
!
2
media multitasking
state/trait:
!
Multitasking Media Multitasking
State Trait
media multitasking
!
Is it good or bad for you?
!
• HMM are bad at precisely the tasks at
which one would expect them to b...
RQ: What are the effects of chronic
multitasking and type of
multitasking on writing quality?
• 80 high and low media mult...
6
7
Costs of multitasking
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
• The more switches, the less time spent
writing (r = -.528, p<.001)
0-10
11-20
21-30
...
Costs of multitasking
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
• The more switches, the worse the quality of
writing (r = -.307, p=.006)
NumberofSwit...
Costs of multitasking
• HMM spent a quarter of their allotted time
following irrelevant links (almost 7
minutes)
• ….where...
Poor High
Writing Quality
LMM
HMM
HMM seduced by distractions, helped by relevant links
F[1,79]=4.291, p=.04
irrelevant
!
...
12
Drinking
Soju
Media
Multitasking
Conclusion: Multitasking is both good and bad for you…
13
If you are a chronic
multitasker,
write with relevant
media to d...
14
Questions?*
* Please Multitask Responsibly
The Effects of Chronic Multitasking on Analytical Writing
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The Effects of Chronic Multitasking on Analytical Writing

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Presentation on our paper entitled "The Effects of Chronic Multitasking on Analytical Writing" that explains how trait multitaskers incorporate relevant or irrelevant information

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The Effects of Chronic Multitasking on Analytical Writing

  1. 1. The Effects of Chronic Multitasking on Analytical Writing Danielle Lottridge, Christine Rosakranse, Catherine Oh, Sean Westwood, Katherine Baldoni, Abrey Mann, Cliff Nass Stanford University Communication Department, CHI 2015
  2. 2. definition: ! ! ! ! ! ! 2 media multitasking state/trait: ! Multitasking Media Multitasking State Trait
  3. 3. media multitasking ! Is it good or bad for you? ! • HMM are bad at precisely the tasks at which one would expect them to be good [Ophir, 2009]!!!!! ! •"It remains possible that future tests of higher-order cognition will uncover benefits...of heavy media multitasking…”! ! 3
  4. 4. RQ: What are the effects of chronic multitasking and type of multitasking on writing quality? • 80 high and low media multitasks • sessions in groups of 5, for group chat • GRE essay • irrelevant and relevant links/comments in “live forum, synched with another group”
  5. 5. 6
  6. 6. 7
  7. 7. Costs of multitasking ! ! ! ! ! ! ! • The more switches, the less time spent writing (r = -.528, p<.001) 0-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 NumberofSwitches Time Spent Writing (Minutes) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Costs of multitaskingCosts of multitasking
  8. 8. Costs of multitasking ! ! ! ! ! ! ! • The more switches, the worse the quality of writing (r = -.307, p=.006) NumberofSwitches 0-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 0 0.75 1.5 2.25 3 Poor High Writing Quality Costs of multitaskingCosts of multitasking
  9. 9. Costs of multitasking • HMM spent a quarter of their allotted time following irrelevant links (almost 7 minutes) • ….whereas LMM spent only 4.5 minutes, F[1,79]=6.314, p=.01 Costs of multitaskingCosts of multitasking
  10. 10. Poor High Writing Quality LMM HMM HMM seduced by distractions, helped by relevant links F[1,79]=4.291, p=.04 irrelevant ! ! relevant ! ! irrelevant ! ! relevant ! ! ! HMM seduced by distractions, helped by relevant links
  11. 11. 12 Drinking Soju Media Multitasking
  12. 12. Conclusion: Multitasking is both good and bad for you… 13 If you are a chronic multitasker, write with relevant media to do better. ! Irrelevant media hurts performance.
  13. 13. 14 Questions?* * Please Multitask Responsibly

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