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Hikikomori

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Ho-o, an integrated program for Hikikomori in Japan. The program aims to raise a awareness among Hikikomoris and their families, provide the new pathway of their life and reconnect Hikikomori back to the society

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Hikikomori

  1. 1. Haenah Chun, Ross Delano, Serniqua Dougherty, Andres Gutierrez, Ploy Sirin Sungkobl Hatasu 果たす DM644 Design Futures: Theory and Practice
  2. 2. HIKIKOMORI /hiˌkēkəˈmôri/ “A phenomenon in which persons become recluses in their own homes, avoiding various social situations for at least six months” DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER
  3. 3. DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER Hikikomori 은둔형 외톨이 (Person who hides) Eremiti della camera di letto Closed Door Syndrome Loner JAPAN KOREA ITALY SPAIN USA INTERNATIONAL DEFINITION
  4. 4. P DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER T E E Rapidly aging society Nuclear Family Family Expectation S Highly Connected Convenience Store Environment 1990s Bubble Collapse Youths Job Market Freeze Polarized Structure Highly Urbanized Crowded Urban Environment Lack of Policy Increasing Distrust JAPAN
  5. 5. DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER DE A Prototypical Conformist Society Pressure of “not fit in the accepted norm” or “feeling of inadequacy” Pressure Cooker Academic Environment Highly Competitive Education System High Expectation from Parents JAPAN
  6. 6. Estimated 400,000 to 1.4 millionHikikomori in Japan Age ranges from adolescent up to middle age 15 - 50 Known to be predominantly male (possibility of hidden female population) NEET: Not in Education, Employment, or Training HIKIKOMORIS IN JAPAN. WHO ARE THEY? DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER
  7. 7. ● Controversy over definition ● Criterias by Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare o Individual circumstances for the cause of withdrawal are disregarded o State in which people are retreating into their living spaces and withdrawing from social activities o Hikikomori do not have a mental illness, not a name for a disease o Withdrawal period is six months or more ● Comparison with mental disorder / illness o Autism o HPDD o PTSD o Asperger Disorder o Social anxiety disorder (SAD) o Anxious personality disorder DISCOVER: Definition & Comparison DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVERTARGET POPULATION Young & Early Stage Hikikomori Age group 16~29 16~29 Early stage 6 months ~3 years Male & Female NEET Middle class family
  8. 8. Greater Tokyo where almost 30% of entire Japanese population live TARGET AREA DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER
  9. 9. DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVERCHALLENGES No “Go-back,” No alternative path ● Negative social perception & difficulty in sharing the challenges ● Family challenge - Lack of information and appropriate guidance ● Missed timing of intervention ● Lack of life skills and networks
  10. 10. Hō-ō an integrated program to help hikikomori and families to be better aware of the issue, and reconnect with society and develop their skills by introducing an alternative life path.
  11. 11. Providing a rehabilitation program for hikikomoris and their families Guidance for Family Alternative Life Path Skillsets for Life Community Enrichment Raising Awareness PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND GOALS DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER
  12. 12. PROGRAM CONTENT DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER 1 2 3 4 5 AWARENESS PROGRAM TRANSITION PROGRAM RECONNECTING PROGRAM SKILL-BUILDING PROGRAM COMMUNITY PROGRAM
  13. 13. PROGRAM DETAILS DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER Phase 1 AWARENESS ON HOUSE VISITS ASSESSMENT GUIDANCE FOR PARENTS Phase 2 TRANSITION VISITS FROM FORMER HIKIKOMORI ASSESSMENT RENT-A-PET PROGRAM
  14. 14. PROGRAM DETAILS DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER Phase 3 RECONNECT VISIT STAY AT COMMUNITY BUILDING PEER MENTOR CASUAL COUNSELING Phase 4 SKILL BUILDING HIGH SCHOOL CLASS TUTORING ASSESSMENT WORKSHOPS
  15. 15. PROGRAM DETAILS DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER Phase 5 COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIP WITH LOCAL BUSINESS ASSESSMENT PARTNERSHIPS WITH SIMILAR PROGRAMS
  16. 16. Chiba Right outside of Tokyo, close enough to commute but with less population LOCATION DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER
  17. 17. DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVERFACILITY COMPONENTS
  18. 18. DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVERCOMMON AREA
  19. 19. DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVERIMPLEMENTATION PLAN Design Space Team Building + Staffing Building Facilities Campaigning + Advertising Partnership with Local Communities Partnership with Nonprofits Launching Workshop Programs Launching Stayover Programs Launching Counselling Programs Phase 1 Phase 2Program building Growth & Partnership building
  20. 20. BUDGET DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER START UP COST (FIRST YEAR) $ 497,742.00 3 YEAR INVESTMENT PLAN $ 1,335,709.00 SPACE ADEQUATION SPACE RENTAL TOOLS EQUIPMENT & SUPPLIES STAFF TRAINING STAFF SALARY ADVERTISING MAINTENANCE $ 60,000.00 $ 127,800.00 $ 18,942.00 $ 15,,000.00 $ 204,000.00 $ 60,000.00 $ 12,000.00
  21. 21. SCALE UP DISCOVER DEFINE DESIGN DELIVER Local Business Community Non Profit Org. Ho-o
  22. 22. Arigato Gozaimasu ! ありがとうございます。

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