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Freight transportation in the future - Some indications

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This presentation highlights some of the notable trends and developments that are affecting transportation (freight) and logistics. The areas covered are digitalization, automation, "new" transport modes, sharing economy, real-time data driven decision making, block chain technology and servitization. Any and/or all of these may have profound impact on freight transport.

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Freight transportation in the future - Some indications

  1. 1. . FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION IN THE FUTURE SOME INDICATIONS Per Olof Arnäs Chalmers University of Technology @Dr_PO per-olof.arnas@chalmers.se about.me/perolofarnas Slides: slideshare.net/poar Horizon car by Shigeru Komatsuzaki
  2. 2. Doing some Sisyphus work by Kalexanderson on Flickr (CC-BY,NC,SA) 5 GLOBAL TRENDS Source: PWC (google: pwc megatrends 2014)
  3. 3. Crowd by James Cridland on Flickr (CC-BY) Megatrend #1 Demographic and social change Source: PWC (google: pwc megatrends 2014)
  4. 4. Four Storms And A Twister by JD Hancock on Flickr (CC-BY) Megatrend #2 Shift in economic power Source: PWC (google: pwc megatrends 2014)
  5. 5. Boston Downtown at Night by Werner Kunz on Flickr (CC-BY,NC,SA) Megatrend #3 Rapid urbanisation Source: PWC (google: pwc megatrends 2014)
  6. 6. ¡Rayos! by José Eugenio Gómez Rodríguez on Flickr (CC-BY,NC,SA) Megatrend #4 Climate change and resource scarcity Source: PWC (google: pwc megatrends 2014)
  7. 7. Megatrend #5 Technological breakthroughsSource: PWC (google: pwc megatrends 2014)
  8. 8. Demographic and social change Shift in economic power Rapid urbanisation Technological breakthroughsClimate change and resource scarcity 5 GLOBAL TRENDS
  9. 9. Things are happening outside the freight industry (and have been for some time)
  10. 10. Things are happening outside the freight industry (and have been for some time) 1957
  11. 11. Things are happening outside the freight industry (and have been for some time) Image: Richard Hancock, twitter.com/CanaryWorf 2015
  12. 12. 355:365:2015BWH by hermitsmoores on Flickr (CC-BY,NC,SA) Make analogue information digital Digitization:
  13. 13. MobileWorldCongress2016byKārlisDambrānsonFlickr(CC-BY) Increased use of digital technology Digitalization:
  14. 14. MobileWorldCongress2016byKārlisDambrānsonFlickr(CC-BY) Increased use of digital technology Digitalization: Make analogue information digital Digitization: Both are important! (and interesting)
  15. 15. Ominous Windmill by Conrad Kuiper on Flickr (CC-BY,NC,SA) Digit(al)ization is not a trend
  16. 16. Ominous Windmill by Conrad Kuiper on Flickr (CC-BY,NC,SA) Digit(al)ization is not a trend It is a force of nature
  17. 17. We are in the middle of a gigantic exponential development curve beginning
  18. 18. A new global eco system where new types of, knowledge based, industries compete with traditional ones http://jaysimons.deviantart.com/art/Map-of-the-Internet-1-0-427143215
  19. 19. Gartners Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies Augmenting humans with technology Machines replacing humans Humans and machines working alongside each other Machines better understanding humans and the environment Humans better understanding machines Machines and humans becoming smarter
  20. 20. Gartners Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies Source: Gartner July 2015 Could affect transportation and logistics
  21. 21. Process improvement Service developm entInfrastructure developm ent Customer controls last mile Faster and better returns Better delivery experience Secure identification on pickup/delivery Distribution of food Home delivery Support companies that want to add E- commerce to their business Collect-in-store Local same-day delivery Improved delivery note Delivery and pickup during weekends Marketing of the E-channel Sustainable and climate friendly 3PL targeted at E- commerce Faster, more reliable and secure deliveries in Europe Better infrastructure on consumer side Better security Source: Svensk Digital Handel 2014 Bo Zetterqvist Areas of development for logistics companies in relation to e-commerce
  22. 22. Process improvement Service developm entInfrastructure developm ent Customer controls last mile Faster and better returns Better delivery experience Secure identification on pickup/delivery Distribution of food Home delivery Support companies that want to add E- commerce to their business Collect-in-store Local same-day delivery Improved delivery note Delivery and pickup during weekends Marketing of the E-channel Sustainable and climate friendly 3PL targeted at E-commerce Faster, more reliable and secure deliveries in Europe Better infrastructure on consumer side Better security Source: Svensk Digital Handel 2014 Bo Zetterqvist Areas of development for logistics companies in relation to e-commerce Digital development needed in freight transport
  23. 23. Customer controls last mile Faster and better returns Better delivery experience Secure identification on pickup/ delivery Collect-in- store Improved delivery note Sustainable and climate friendly 3PL targeted at E-commerce Faster, more reliable and secure deliveries in Europe Better security Source: Svensk Digital Handel 2014 Bo Zetterqvist Digital development needed in freight transport Process improvement Use ICT to make the system more efficient Real-time decision making, footprinting, better digital interaction between stakeholders Service development Use ICT to create new services Digital information enables new business models Infrastructure development Use ICT to interact with infrastructure Location Based Intelligence etc.
  24. 24. Business processes Infrastructure Paperbased Phone
 Papers Road signs A nalogue tools R D S M onitorfuel cosnum ption Digitalisation version 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 E-mail Fax TMS- systems Excel Route planning G PS fornavigation Electronically generated freight docum ents Barcodes RFID-tags Simple order handling Advanced order handling Openinterface W eb based UI Platform based system s Hardware- oriented Datacollection systems (proprietary) Communicationwith vehicles E-invoice W eb based booking Route optimisation Thesocialweb Openconnectivity Integrated prognosis Data collection systems (open) Tolling system s Webservices with traffic data Dynamic routing systems Performance BasedaccessPerformanceBasedaccess Mashups
 Multipledata sources Probedata Individual routing inform ation Platooning Platooning Exceptions handling Smartgoods Manual Computers Software Functions Distributed decision making G oods as bi- directional hyperlink Paperbased CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers Goods Vehicle Barcodes RFID Sensors ERP systems TMS systems E-invoices Cloudbased services Order handling Driver support Vehicle economics RDS-TMC Road taxes Active traffic support Predictive m aintenance 2014-10-15
  25. 25. Integration of digital and physical worlds http://www.sygic.com/gps-navigation/addon/head-up-display
  26. 26. Say hi to the new sensors http://mobsentech.com
  27. 27. ”New” modes of transport https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50sv4M4rgBM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HG76DcXySuw
  28. 28. More automation
  29. 29. Strategic Tactical Operational Predictive Time horizons We are approaching this boundary …and we are starting to move past it! Real-time!
  30. 30. The Action of New York City by Trey Ratcliff on Flickr (CC-BY,NC,SA) Real-time (data driven) decision making Data collection Data processing Data exploitation http://mindconnect.se/ http://waze.com https://mydrive.tomtom.com/
  31. 31. The sharing economy hits freight transport (again and again…)
  32. 32. Bitcoin, bitcoin coin, physical bitcoin, bitcoin photo by Antana on Flickr (CC-BY,SA) Block chain technology Records transactions and data among actors that do not trust each other Fully decentralized
  33. 33. https://news.bitcoin.com/nimber-disrupts-logistics-system-blockchain-matters/ http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21677198-technology-behind- bitcoin-could-transform-how-economy-works-trust-machine Bitcoin, bitcoin coin, physical bitcoin, bitcoin photo by Antana on Flickr (CC-BY,SA) http://www.coindesk.com/how-bitcoins-technology- could-make-supply-chains-more-transparent/ https://news.bitcoin.com/future-use-cases-blockchain- technology-parcel-tracking-regardless-courier/ Block chain technology Records transactions and data among actors that do not trust each other Fully decentralized
  34. 34. Servitization Move up in the value chain Upgrade drop points Consumer services Expose data Mall of Scandinavia http://www.smartcompany.com.au/growth/innovation/41765-online-retailer-offers- a-courier-that-waits-at-your-door-fashion-advice-not-included.html https://www.amazon.com/dashbutton https://www.shyp.com
  35. 35. Curated services made possible with data Mindconnect Sendify
  36. 36. FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION IN THE FUTURE SOME INDICATIONS Per Olof Arnäs Chalmers University of Technology @Dr_PO per-olof.arnas@chalmers.se about.me/perolofarnas Slides: slideshare.net/poar Horizon car by Shigeru Komatsuzaki
  37. 37. Logistikpodden.se Eldsjälar Experter (Föreslå gärna…) Torsdagar

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