Chasing the last mile

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Presentation of some of the research done at Chalmers University in the area of energy efficient transportation.

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Chasing the last mile

  1. 1. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSLo que el viento se llevo /Gone with the wind by J.Carlos Fernández on FlickrChasing the last mileThe transportation industry and their approach to energyPer Olof ArnäsTechnology management and economicsLogistics and transportation@Dr_PO, per-olof.arnas@chalmers.seCC-BY Joakim Jardenberg
  2. 2. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS4 ways to reduce the environmentalfootprint from road transportCC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSThe Bamboo Forest and some great TwitterLists to follow by Trey Ratcliff on Flickr
  3. 3. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSOne important assumption:The transportation demand isgivenBound by Connor Tarter on Flickr
  4. 4. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS4 ways to reduce the environmentalfootprint from road transportCC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSThe Bamboo Forest and some great TwitterLists to follow by Trey Ratcliff on Flickr
  5. 5. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS4 ways to reduce the environmentalfootprint from road transportUse less energy Increase transport efficiencyUse alternative energy sources Increase mobilityCC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSBarrels: domdeen / FreeDigitalPhotos.netHotWheels - Semi Fast 2 by Leap Kye on Flickr Everything by Jeremy Brooks on Flickr"When speed gets in the blood..." by Jerrycharlotte on FlickrThe Bamboo Forestand some greatTwitter Lists to followby Trey Ratcliff onFlickr
  6. 6. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSUse less energyDriver behaviour Powertrain technologyFootprinting Vehicle designCC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS HotWheels - Semi Fast 2 by Leap Kye on FlickrThe Red Stone by crises_crs on FlickrDog-License by Shine20 on Flickr...and 100! by MarcelGermain on Flickr BEE green rendering by loriZ on Flickr
  7. 7. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSUse alternative energy sourcesPowertrain technology Fuel availabilityFuel cost Environmental gain?CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS Barrels: domdeen / FreeDigitalPhotos.netGas Station by Jose Carlos Norte on FlickrSee-Oh-Too by Ricardo Wang on FlickrThe Red Stone by crises_crs on FlickrMaking Fun of Gas Prices by AgentAkit on Flickr
  8. 8. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSIncrease mobilityReduce congestion ITSTraffic management Facilitate consolidationCC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS"When speed gets in theblood, one must drive tolive. Everything one does inlife, even love, occurs in anexpress train racingtoward death." byJerrycharlotte on FlickrChange Priorities by Christine on Flickr professional smilers by Erich Ferdinand on FlickrITS: ETSIglommer.net
  9. 9. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSIncrease transport efficiencyVehicle utilization Useful transport workTransport management Choice of transport modeCC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS Everything by Jeremy Brooks on Flickrtcmag.comHistory Surrounded by Evan Leeson on FlickrMap: DPS2 x 3 kg by P.O. Arnäs on Flickr
  10. 10. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSJoakim KalantariVendela SanténKristina LiljestrandMartin SvanbergTree Quadtych by Pete Ashton on Flickr
  11. 11. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSJoakim Kalantarijoakim.kalantari@sspa.seFoliated transportation networks
  12. 12. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSKPI FTN potentialAverage Fill rate +13.7% ± 0.23Number of trucks -9.6% ± 0.41Transport work +2.6% ± 0.45Traffic work -13.6% ± 0.44!100%%!80%%!60%%!40%%!20%%0%%20%%40%%60%%80%%100%%0%%5%%10%%15%%20%%25%%30%%35%%40%%45%%50%%60%%70%%80%%85%%90%%95%%100%%Share&of&maximum&improvement&share&of&goods&subjected&to&foliated&control&∆%Fill%rate%∆%Traffic%work%∆%No.%Trucks%Joakim Kalantarijoakim.kalantari@sspa.seResults and conclusions
  13. 13. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSThe transport portfolio framework is a decision support forshippers to reduce the carbon footprint, linking logisticsdecision-making to environmental output, by applying aportfolio modelKristina Liljestrandkristina.liljestrand@chalmers.seResults from an ongoing study inthe food industryWhat can the transport buyerdo to affect load factor?The Transport Portfolio frameworkGreen Leaf of a Bio Plant in Nature by epSos.de on Flickr
  14. 14. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄS22 571’ pallets-kmPerformance: 75 %Potential: 7 249’pallets-km55 694’ pallets-kmPerformance 86 %Potential: 9 317’pallets-km37 469’ ton-kmPerformance 93 %Potential: 2 221’pallets-km210 992’ pallets-kmPerformance 98 %Potential: 4698’ pallets-kmSmall LargeChilled&FrozenAmbientShipment sizeTemperatureregimeTwo variables are more important in this case:Shipment size and Temperature regimeShows how the transport buyeraffects load factorKristina Liljestrandkristina.liljestrand@chalmers.seExample of a Transport Portfolio for load factorGreen Leaf of a Bio Plant in Nature by epSos.de on Flickr
  15. 15. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSLoad factor[order rows / booked loadmeter]Packaging efficiency[order rows / load unit]Loading efficiency[load unit / used load meter]Booking efficiency[used load meter / booked load meter]= x xVendela Santénvendela.santen@chalmers.seRecent study of a transport buying company:Load factor frameworkPackaging efficiencyLoading efficiencyBooking efficiency[order rows / load unit][load unit / used loadmeter][used load meter /booked load meter]ProductcharacteristicsOrder variationLead time(time between order and delivery)Logistics variable Load factor indicator Indicator measure
  16. 16. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSVendela Santénvendela.santen@chalmers.seImportant to see the potentialin each indicator, while alsolooking at the wholeThe framework is linkingthree levels of load factorindicators to each otherPackagingLoadingBookingThe booked load meterscan be used even moreefficientlyChallenges still exist in productcharacteristics and order variationChanges in lead time can improveplanning possibilities and even outthe flow between days
  17. 17. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSTorrefaction in Biomass-to-Energy supply chains Martin Svanbergmartin.svanberg@chalmers.seFeedstock TorrefactionprocessNewmaterialHigh bulk volume Low bulk volumeLow energy content High energy contentExpensive to grind into powder Cheap to grind into powderNon feedable FeedableSensitive to moisture uptake HydrophobicNon homogenous HomogenousSubject to degradation Non degradable
  18. 18. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSMany possible supply chains -many choices... Martin Svanbergmartin.svanberg@chalmers.seStem woodBy-productsResiduesCoal firedpowerplantConventionalpower-plantHouseholdsChoice offeedstockChoice ofsupplysystemChoice ofproduction(torrefaction)Choice ofdistributionCustomersLocation?Size?Strategy(quality vs cost)?Vehicletype?Storagetype?Location?Quality?Cost?Vehicletype?Networktype?
  19. 19. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSMany possible supply chains -many choices...Stem woodBy-productsResiduesCoal firedpowerplantConventionalpower-plantHouseholdsChoice offeedstockChoice ofsupplysystemChoice ofproduction(torrefaction)Choice ofdistributionCustomersMartin Svanbergmartin.svanberg@chalmers.seLocation?Size?Strategy(quality vs cost)?Vehicletype?Storagetype?Location?Quality?Cost?Vehicletype?Networktype?• Identification of supply chain characteristics• A framework for supply chain configurationfor a new process technology• Identification and quantification of importantparameters affecting (1) total cost (2) size oftorrefaction plant and (3) location oftorrefaction plants.
  20. 20. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSJoakim Kalantarijoakim.kalantari@sspa.seVendela Santénvendela.santen@chalmers.seKristina Liljestrandkristina.liljestrand@chalmers.seMartin Svanbergmartin.svanberg@chalmers.seTree Quadtych by Pete Ashton on Flickr
  21. 21. CC-BY PER OLOF ARNÄSJoakim Kalantarijoakim.kalantari@sspa.seVendela Santénvendela.santen@chalmers.seKristina Liljestrandkristina.liljestrand@chalmers.seMartin Svanbergmartin.svanberg@chalmers.seTree Quadtych by Pete Ashton on FlickrThank you!

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