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Att jämföra äpplen, päron och tomater

En föreläsning från Vetenskapsfestivalen 2015 om systemperspektivet och om hur viktigt det är att försöka se helheten.

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Att	
  jämföra	
  äpplen,	
  päron	
  
och	
  tomater
Per	
  Olof	
  Arnäs,	
  PhD	
  
Chalmers	
  
Avdelningen	
  för	
  Logistik	
  och	
  transport
Still	
  Life	
  by	
  Maurizio	
  Laudisa	
  on	
  Flickr.com
Tomato	
  RED	
  by	
  spisharam	
  on	
  Flickr.com
2007
Spanska	
  tomater	
  
bättre	
  än	
  svenska
Tomato	
  RED	
  by	
  spisharam	
  on	
  Flickr.com
2008
Svenska	
  tomater	
  
bättre	
  än	
  spanska
Tomato	
  RED	
  by	
  spisharam	
  on	
  Flickr.com
Vilka	
  är	
  bäst	
  då?	
  
Svenska	
  eller	
  
spanska?
Tomato	
  RED	
  by	
  spisharam	
  on	
  Flickr.com
?
CC-­‐BY	
  Per	
  Olof	
  Arnäs
Bonde
odling
1000 liter diesel
100 000
1000/100000 = 0,01
Totalt: 0,01 liter diesel per tomat
Svenska tomater

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Att jämföra äpplen, päron och tomater

  • 1. Att  jämföra  äpplen,  päron   och  tomater Per  Olof  Arnäs,  PhD   Chalmers   Avdelningen  för  Logistik  och  transport Still  Life  by  Maurizio  Laudisa  on  Flickr.com
  • 2. Tomato  RED  by  spisharam  on  Flickr.com
  • 3. 2007 Spanska  tomater   bättre  än  svenska Tomato  RED  by  spisharam  on  Flickr.com
  • 4. 2008 Svenska  tomater   bättre  än  spanska Tomato  RED  by  spisharam  on  Flickr.com
  • 5. Vilka  är  bäst  då?   Svenska  eller   spanska? Tomato  RED  by  spisharam  on  Flickr.com ?
  • 6. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 100 000 1000/100000 = 0,01 Totalt: 0,01 liter diesel per tomat Svenska tomater
  • 7. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 100 000 1000/100000 = 0,01 Bonde transport 100 liter diesel 1 000 100/1000 = 0,1 Totalt: 0,01 + 0,1 = 0,11 liter diesel per tomat Svenska tomater
  • 8. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Torghandlare transport 20 liter diesel 200 20/200 = 0,1 Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 100 000 1000/100000 = 0,01 Bonde transport 100 liter diesel 1 000 100/1000 = 0,1 Totalt: 0,01 + 0,1 + 0,1 = 0,21 liter diesel per tomat Svenska tomater
  • 9. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Konsument transport 1 liter diesel 4 1/4 = 0,25 Torghandlare transport 20 liter diesel 200 20/200 = 0,1 Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 100 000 1000/100000 = 0,01 Totalt: 0,01 + 0,1 + 0,1 + 0,25 = 0,46 liter diesel per tomat Bonde transport 100 liter diesel 1 000 100/1000 = 0,1 Svenska tomater
  • 10. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 1 000 000 1000/1000000 = 0,001 Totalt: 0,001 = 0,011 liter diesel per tomat Spanska tomater
  • 11. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 1 000 000 1000/1000000 = 0,001 Totalt: 0,001 + 0,01 = 0,011 liter diesel per tomat Bonde transport 1 000 liter diesel 100 000 1000/100000 = 0,01 Spanska tomater
  • 12. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Torghandlare transport 20 liter diesel 200 20/200 = 0,1 Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 1 000 000 1000/1000000 = 0,001 Totalt: 0,001 + 0,01 + 0,1 = 0,111 liter diesel per tomat Bonde transport 1 000 liter diesel 100 000 1000/100000 = 0,01 Spanska tomater
  • 13. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Konsument transport 1 liter diesel 4 1/4 = 0,25 Torghandlare transport 20 liter diesel 200 20/200 = 0,1 Bonde odling 1000 liter diesel 1 000 000 1000/1000000 = 0,001 Totalt: 0,001 + 0,01 + 0,1 + 0,25 = 0,271 liter diesel per tomat Bonde transport 1 000 liter diesel 100 000 1000/100000 = 0,01 Spanska tomater
  • 14. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Totalt: 0,001 + 0,01 + 0,1 + 0,25 = 0,271 liter diesel per tomat Totalt: 0,01 + 0,1 + 0,1 + 0,25 = 0,46 liter diesel per tomat
  • 16. Slutlig energianvändning, EU-28, 2012(% of totalen, baserat på ton oljeekvivalenter)
  • 17. CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Environm ental perform ance Social perform ance Economic performance Sustainability The triple bottom line Craig R. Carter Dale S. Rogers, (2008),"A framework of sustainable supply chain management: movngtoward new theory”, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 38 Iss 5 pp. 360 - 387
  • 18. Systemperspektiv Allt  hänger  ihop Still  Life  by  Maurizio  Laudisa  on  Flickr.com
  • 32. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 56 Pieces  cost  about  $1  for  consumer Fyra  bitar  i  paketet
  • 33. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 57 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day
  • 34. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 58 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day 2:  Freight  to  Rotterdam,  reload  on   ship  for  China,  3  days
  • 35. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 59 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day 2:  Freight  to  Rotterdam,  reload  on   ship  for  China,  3  days 3:  Arrives  at  port  of  Quingdo,   reloaded  onto  truck  and  transported   to  fish  factory.  The  fish  is  thawed,   fileed,  refrozen  as  bricks,  loaded  on   container  ship,  38-­‐40  days 2  fillets  in  30  seconds   A  few  minutes  for  the  whole  process
  • 36. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 60 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day 2:  Freight  to  Rotterdam,  reload  on   ship  for  China,  3  days 4:  The  fish  arrives  at  Rotterdam,  75   days 3:  Arrives  at  port  of  Quingdo,   reloaded  onto  truck  and  transported   to  fish  factory.  The  fish  is  thawed,   filleted,  refrozen  as  bricks,  loaded  on   container  ship,  38-­‐40  days
  • 37. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 61 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day 2:  Freight  to  Rotterdam,  reload  on   ship  for  China,  3  days 4:  The  fish  arrives  at  Rotterdam,  75   days 5:  Transport  by  truck  to  factory  in   Bologne-­‐dur-­‐mer,  France.  The  bricks   are  chopped  up  in  the  correct  size,   breaded,  pre-­‐fried  and  packed.  77   days 3:  Arrives  at  port  of  Quingdo,   reloaded  onto  truck  and  transported   to  fish  factory.  The  fish  is  thawed,   filleted,  refrozen  as  bricks,  loaded  on   container  ship,  38-­‐40  days
  • 38. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 62 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day 2:  Freight  to  Rotterdam,  reload  on   ship  for  China,  3  days 4:  The  fish  arrives  at  Rotterdam,  75   days 5:  Transport  by  truck  to  factory  in   Bologne-­‐dur-­‐mer,  France.  The  bricks   are  chopped  up  in  the  correct  size,   breaded,  pre-­‐fried  and  packed.  77   days 6:  Loaded  onto  truck  and   transported  to  Sweden,  78  days 3:  Arrives  at  port  of  Quingdo,   reloaded  onto  truck  and  transported   to  fish  factory.  The  fish  is  thawed,   filleted,  refrozen  as  bricks,  loaded  on   container  ship,  38-­‐40  days
  • 39. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 63 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day 2:  Freight  to  Rotterdam,  reload  on   ship  for  China,  3  days 3:  Arrives  at  port  of  Quingdo,   reloaded  onto  truck  and  transported   to  fish  factory.  The  fish  is  thawed,   filleted,  refrozen  as  bricks,  loaded  on   container  ship,  38-­‐40  days 4:  The  fish  arrives  at  Rotterdam,  75   days 5:  Transport  by  truck  to  factory  in   Bologne-­‐dur-­‐mer,  France.  The  bricks   are  chopped  up  in  the  correct  size,   breaded,  pre-­‐fried  and  packed.  77   days 6:  Loaded  onto  truck  and   transported  to  Sweden,  78  days 7:  Arrives  at  your  dinner  table,  80   days
  • 40. Department  of  Technology  Management  and  Economics   Division  of  Logistics  and  TransportationCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs 64 1:  Fish  caught  and  frozen  directly  on   boat,  1  day 2:  Freight  to  Rotterdam,  reload  on   ship  for  China,  3  days 3:  Arrives  at  port  of  Quingdo,   reloaded  onto  truck  and  transported   to  fish  factory.  The  fish  is  thawed,   filleted,  refrozen  as  bricks,  loaded  on   container  ship,  38-­‐40  days 4:  The  fish  arrives  at  Rotterdam,  75   days 5:  Transport  by  truck  to  factory  in   Bologne-­‐dur-­‐mer,  France.  The  bricks   are  chopped  up  in  the  correct  size,   breaded,  pre-­‐fried  and  packed.  77   days 6:  Loaded  onto  truck  and   transported  to  Sweden,  78  days 7:  Arrives  at  your  dinner  table,  80   days 3  000  km  /  1  900  miles 26  600  km  /  17  000  miles 42  200  km  /  26  000  miles 42  500  km  /  26  400  miles 44  100  km  /  27  400  miles Around  the  world:  40  000  km  /  25  000  miles
  • 41. Vilka  är  bäst  då?   Svenska  eller   spanska? Tomato  RED  by  spisharam  on  Flickr.com
  • 42. Behöver  vi  verkligen   tomater  på  julbordet? Julafton  2009  by  erik  forsberg  on  Flickr.com
  • 43. Oavsett  vad  ni   fokuserar  på... Eye  See  You  Two  by   chrisbb@prodigy.net  on   Flickr.com
  • 44. Glöm  inte   elefanten Elephant  On  The  Loose  by   Jeff  Wheeler  on  Flickr.com
  • 45. Per  Olof  Arnäs   per-­‐olof.arnas@chalmers.se   0709-­‐52  34  43   @Dr_PO Tack  för  visat  intresse! Still  Life  by  Maurizio  Laudisa  on  Flickr.com