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Energy policy : New Zealand


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Energy policy : New Zealand

  1. 1. ENERGY POLICY<br />of<br />NEW ZEALAND<br />NAZRIZAM AB. WAHAB<br />G0926606<br />
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  3. 3. Overview of New Zealand<br />
  4. 4. OVERVIEW OF NEW ZEALAND<br />Known as The Land of the Long White Cloud <br />Located at the south-west Pacific Ocean. <br />North Island & South Island –also a number of smaller islands <br />Land areas = 270 500 km2 in total. <br />Total population = 4.33 million people<br />Very low population density <br />Capital city = Wellington<br />English and Ma–ori are the official languages. <br />Terrain = Highly varied, from snowcapped mountains to lowland plains. <br />Climate = Temperate to subtropical.<br />
  5. 5. New Zealand’s Energy<br />
  6. 6. Current condition<br />New Zealand has been blessed with many natural resources<br />
  7. 7. NZ’S ENERGY RESOURCES<br />Two types of energy resources:<br />Non-renewable energy<br /><ul><li>Oil
  8. 8. Gas
  9. 9. Coal</li></ul>Renewable energy<br /><ul><li>Hydro
  10. 10. Geothermal
  11. 11. Others
  12. 12. Biogas
  13. 13. Wind
  14. 14. Solar
  15. 15. Wave
  16. 16. Wood</li></li></ul><li>Energy supply & demand balance, 2009<br />Source: Ministry of Economic Development, 2010<br />
  17. 17. total primary energy supply, 2009<br />Source: Ministry of Economic Development, 2010<br />
  18. 18. Total Primary energy supply 1974 - 2009<br />
  19. 19. Total consumer energy by fuel, 2009<br />Source: Ministry of Economic Development, 2010<br />
  20. 20. Total consumer energy by fuel,1990 - 2009<br />
  21. 21. Total consumer energy by sector, 2009<br />Source: Ministry of Economic Development, 2010<br />
  22. 22. Total consumer energy by sector,1990 - 2009<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. NZ Energy’s Policies<br />
  25. 25. NZ Energy POLICIES<br />
  26. 26. NZ ENERGY STRATEGY (NZES)<br />NZES sets the strategic direction of the energy sector and the role energy will play in the New Zealand economy.<br />NZES structure:<br />
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  28. 28. Develop petroleum and mineral fuel resources<br />Develop renewable energy resources<br />Embrace new energy technology<br />Competitive energy markets deliver value for money<br />Oil security and transport<br />Reliable electricity supply<br />Better consumer information to inform energy choices<br />Enhance business competitiveness through energy efficiency<br />An energy efficient transport system<br />Warm, dry, energy efficient home<br />Best practice in environmental management for energy projects<br />Reduce energy-related greenhouse gas emissions<br />
  29. 29. New Zealand Energy efficiency & conservation strategy, NZEEcs<br />
  30. 30. NZ ENERGY efficiency & conservation STRATEGY (NZEecS)<br />Prepared under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act 2000 to promote energy efficiency, energy conservation and renewable energy in New Zealand. <br />It proposes Government's policies, objectives, and targets for the next five years (to 2015), and the means by which these will be achieved.<br />NZEECS targets and objectives provide a clear direction and rationale for future policy and action.<br />
  31. 31. NZEECS objective and targets <br />
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  37. 37. Energy efficiency & conservation authority (eeca)<br />
  38. 38. WHO…<br />Organization set up by the NZ Government to encourage, support and promote energy efficiency, energy conservation, and the use of renewable sources of energy.<br />
  39. 39. WHAT…<br />Helps New Zealanders at home and in business understand and overcome the barriers to being more energy efficient and using more renewable energy.<br />
  40. 40. What eeca do…..<br />
  41. 41. Standards & ratings<br />
  42. 42. HOW…<br />Runs a number of work programmes and funds to support and promote energy efficiency, energy conservation, and the use of renewable sources of energy.<br />
  43. 43. Programmes are delivered through partnerships, with the private sector, <br />community groups, industry associations and central and local government.<br /> The programmes as below:<br />
  44. 44. EECA provides funding to make it easier for businesses and householders to choose energy efficiency and renewable energy. Currently funding offer for:<br />
  45. 45. Conclusion<br />
  46. 46. conclusion<br />New Zealand's energy solution is not a simple one.  <br />The big issue is security of supply.  <br />Solving the problem is a balancing act: security versus price versus the environment.<br />However, NZ have a number of different options to help fill their energy gap over the next couple of decades.  <br />Unfortunately, each of them comes with its own set of very different pros and cons.<br />